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Pagsukat ng Produksyon at Pambansang Kita

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Dea Anne

on 11 November 2012

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Transcript of Pagsukat ng Produksyon at Pambansang Kita

AT PAMBANSANG KITA Walang malilikom na kita ang pambansang ekonomiya kung wala itong malilikhang produkto. Sa pagsukat sa produksyon ng isang ekonomiya, hindi maiiwasan na mailarawan ito gamit ang pambansang kita. Pagsukat ng Produksyon at Pambansang Kita GDP (Gross Domestic Product) – halaga ng kabuuang produksyon sa loob ng pambansang ekonomiya; kasama rito ang produksyon ng mga dayuhang aktor na nasa loob ng pambansang ekonomiya. GNP (Gross National Product) – halaga ng kabuuang produksyon ng mamamayan ng isang bansa sa loob at labas ng pambansang ekonomiya National Income Accounts INCOME
APPROACH GNP = GDP + NFIA GNP = C + I + G + (X – M) + NFIA Sinusukat ng pamamaraan ng gastusin ang pinaggamitan ng kita ng pambansang ekonomiya. Expenditure Approach NFIA = net factor income from abroad (X-M)= balance of trade o net exports M = import spending X = export revenues I = capital formation G = government consumption C = personal consumption expenditure NFIA = kita ng pambansang ekonomiya mula sa mga salik ng produksyon na nasa ibang bansa – pambayad sa dayuhang ekonomiya para sa angkat na mga salik ng produksyon GNP = C + I + G + (X – M) + NFIA NSCB – National Statistical Coordination Board NEDA – National Economic & Development Authority Pambansang Kita sa Pamamaraan ng Gastusin Source: NSCB, 2005 Philippine Statistical Yearbook DETALYE 2005 I. Personal Consumption Expenditure (C) 3,773,325 II. Government Consumption (G) 524,351 III. Capital Formation (I)
A. Fixed Capital
1. Construction
2. Durable Equipment
3. Breeding Stocks and Orchard Development
B. Changes in Stocks 846,671 IV. Exports (X)
A. Merchandise Exports
B. Non-factor Services 2,496,563 V. Bawas: Imports (M)
A. Merchandise Imports
B. Non-factor Services 2,533,872 VI. Statistical Discrepancy 272,213 GROSS DOMESTIC PRODUCT (GDP) 5,379,251 VII. Net Factor Income from Abroad (NFIA) 416,440 GROSS NATIONAL PRODUCT (GNP) 5,795,691 Ang difference ng nakwentang inflow at outflow ang sinasabing NFIA 2. Outflow – mga salik ng produksyon na inaangkat mula sa mga dayuhang ekonomiya 1. Inflow – mga salik ng produksyon na iniluluwas sa mga dayuhang ekonomiya kung saan kumikita ang pambansang ekonomiya Kilala din sa tawag na Net Factor Income from the Rest of the World Net Factor Income from Abroad (NFIA) Halimbawa: Investment o property income (dibidendo, interes, at tubo mula sa negosyo). Halimbawa: Ang kinikita ng mga manggagawa na nakikipagsapalaran sa dayuhang ekonomiya ay nakatala sa compensation. Salik ng kapital (Kapital) Salik ng paggawa (Labor) 2 Salik ng produksyon na kabilang sa inflow at outflow
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