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POSTMODERNISM IN VISUAL ARTS
Transcript of POSTMODERNISM IN VISUAL ARTS
Performance, TV and films
POSTMODERNISM IN VISUAL ARTS
Teresa Fernández Martín
Julia López Canelada
Rocío Martínez Moreno
“The postmodern moment is not something that is to be defined chronologically; rather it is a rupture in our consciousness. Its definition lies in change and chance, but it has everything to do with how we read the present, as well as how we read the past.” (Marshall, 1992)
“Postmodernism is an event, a moment of rupture, of change” Michael Foucault (Marshall, 1992)
'“incredulity toward metanarratives” toward those grand stories or explanations that make sense of the world according to one overarching truth. The postmodern moment resists totalizations, absolute identity, absolute truths.' Jean-Fraçois Lyotard (Marshall, 1992)
"...The world, which once consisted of sings that could be associated with their actual referents in reality has been replaced by the postmodern simulacrum, a system in which signs have lost their association with an underlying reality and now refer to other signs"
The theory of the loss of historical reality
"The addiction to the photographic image in the Postmodern era has a growing tendency to modify the past"
Postmodernist TV shows
-Pluralism of postmodern society
Late 20th Century
Culture, literature, history, architecture, economics, arts, society...
Many different definitions
“Postmodernism is about race, class, gender, erotic identity and practice, nationality, age, ethnicity. It is about difference (…) Postmodernism is about history. But not the kind of “history” that lets us think we can know the past. History in the postmodern moment becomes histories and questions (…) Postmodernism is about histories not told, retold, untold. History as it never was. Histories forgotten, hidden, invisible, considered unimportant, changed, eradicated. It is about the refusal to see history as linear." (Marshall, 1992:4)
A change, a rupture
‘I’m tired of changing planes so often, waiting in the waiting rooms, bus stations, train stations, airports. I am tired of waiting for endless passport controls. Fast shopping in shopping malls. I am tired of more career decisions (...) I want to get old, really, really old, so that nothing matters any more. I want to understand and see clearly what is behind all of us. I want not to want anymore.’
A style of artmaking that rejects the principles of modernism
According to James Peterson it could be represented by Andy Warhol’s creations that, as most postmodernist filmmakers, reject traditional techniques and try to create
“resolution and closure are not goals of the postmodern moment”
The Truman Show
(1998) by Peter Weir
Blade Runner (1982) by Ridley Scott
(1977) Woody Allen
+ Intertextuality (La Strada by Felline; Mozart; Mc Luhan; James Joyce...)
+ Frustated society
(1966) Andy Warhol
A Bout de Souffle
(1960) Jean-Lu Godard
"I agree that a film should have a beginning, a middle and an end but not necessarily in that order" (The Guardian, 2000)
Influence of media
Natural Born Killers
(1994) Oliver Stone
(1976) Martin Scorsese
Stereotypes, conception of beauty, sexuality
(1999) Sam Mendes
(1982) by Ridley Scott
Based on the 1968 novel
Do Androids Dream of Electric Sheep
? by Philip K. Dick
humans VS replicants
"Beauty and the Beast"
"Enjoy" by Coca-Cola
Influence of Technology
Textual references and images
What is a performance?
• The Matrix (1999) by Lana y Andy Wachowski
Performance art is basically an event in which performers not only act for an audience, but involve and challenge spectators.
"Madonna, icon of Postmodernity"
:techonology leads to destruction -> progress??
-Juston Dance Theatre
"Postmodern theatre makes a presentation, not a representation."
-Explore the boundaries of body and mind
-Final goal create an event
-'I want not to want anymore' (