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POSTMODERNISM IN VISUAL ARTS

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Tere Martín

on 3 April 2014

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Transcript of POSTMODERNISM IN VISUAL ARTS

Postmodernism
TV
Films
Performance

Performance, TV and films
POSTMODERNISM IN VISUAL ARTS
VISUAL ARTS
Paintings
Teresa Fernández Martín
Julia López Canelada
Rocío Martínez Moreno

“The postmodern moment is not something that is to be defined chronologically; rather it is a rupture in our consciousness. Its definition lies in change and chance, but it has everything to do with how we read the present, as well as how we read the past.” (Marshall, 1992)
“Postmodernism is an event, a moment of rupture, of change” Michael Foucault (Marshall, 1992)

'“incredulity toward metanarratives” toward those grand stories or explanations that make sense of the world according to one overarching truth. The postmodern moment resists totalizations, absolute identity, absolute truths.' Jean-Fraçois Lyotard (Marshall, 1992)

"...The world, which once consisted of sings that could be associated with their actual referents in reality has been replaced by the postmodern simulacrum, a system in which signs have lost their association with an underlying reality and now refer to other signs"

Jean Braudillard
The theory of the loss of historical reality

"The addiction to the photographic image in the Postmodern era has a growing tendency to modify the past"

Fredric Jameson
Postmodernist TV shows
-Pluralism of postmodern society


-Fragmentation


-Intertextuality


-Pastiche
General idea
Late 20th Century

Culture, literature, history, architecture, economics, arts, society...
Fuzziness

Many different definitions
“Postmodernism is about race, class, gender, erotic identity and practice, nationality, age, ethnicity. It is about difference (…) Postmodernism is about history. But not the kind of “history” that lets us think we can know the past. History in the postmodern moment becomes histories and questions (…) Postmodernism is about histories not told, retold, untold. History as it never was. Histories forgotten, hidden, invisible, considered unimportant, changed, eradicated. It is about the refusal to see history as linear." (Marshall, 1992:4)

A change, a rupture
‘I’m tired of changing planes so often, waiting in the waiting rooms, bus stations, train stations, airports. I am tired of waiting for endless passport controls. Fast shopping in shopping malls. I am tired of more career decisions (...) I want to get old, really, really old, so that nothing matters any more. I want to understand and see clearly what is behind all of us. I want not to want anymore.’
Introduction
A style of artmaking that rejects the principles of modernism
According to James Peterson it could be represented by Andy Warhol’s creations that, as most postmodernist filmmakers, reject traditional techniques and try to create
something new
(1997).
“resolution and closure are not goals of the postmodern moment”
(Marshall, 1992)
Simulacra
Hyperreality

The Truman Show
(1998) by Peter Weir

Blade Runner (1982) by Ridley Scott

Metafiction
Annie hall
(1977) Woody Allen
+ Intertextuality (La Strada by Felline; Mozart; Mc Luhan; James Joyce...)
+ Frustated society
Temporal distortion
Chelsea Girls
(1966) Andy Warhol
A Bout de Souffle
(1960) Jean-Lu Godard

"I agree that a film should have a beginning, a middle and an end but not necessarily in that order" (The Guardian, 2000)
Influence of media
Violence
·
Natural Born Killers
(1994) Oliver Stone

·
Taxi Driver
(1976) Martin Scorsese
Stereotypes, conception of beauty, sexuality
·American Beauty
(1999) Sam Mendes
+ Irony
Blade Runner
Intertextuality

Drawing
Printmaking
Photography
Film making
Computer Art
Plastic Art
(1982) by Ridley Scott


Dystopia
Based on the 1968 novel
Do Androids Dream of Electric Sheep
? by Philip K. Dick
humans VS replicants
"Beauty and the Beast"
"Enjoy" by Coca-Cola
Influence of Technology
Simulacra
Hyperreality
->
Textual references and images
What is a performance?
• The Matrix (1999) by Lana y Andy Wachowski
Performance art is basically an event in which performers not only act for an audience, but involve and challenge spectators.
Different genres
Musical performance
"Madonna, icon of Postmodernity"
John McGregor
Postmodern dance
-> Irony

:techonology leads to destruction -> progress??
Improvisation
Daily movements
Parody
Irony
Hyperreality
-Juston Dance Theatre

-Cunningham School
Postmodernist theater
"Postmodern theatre makes a presentation, not a representation."

Mick Wallis,
Drama/Theatre/Performance

Performance
Marina Abramovic
-Serbian artist
-Explore the boundaries of body and mind
-Final goal create an event
-'I want not to want anymore' (
The Onion
,1996)
THANK YOU
Full transcript