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African Influences in Latin American Culture
Transcript of African Influences in Latin American Culture
in Latin American
Culture History Music African Instruments Palo Cont. Religion: Palo Religion: Santeria largest African populations are found in Caribbean region and Brazil
"call and response" singing
recurring short phrases African Drums introduced in 18th and
Claves Santeria or Regla de Osha-ifa, is a mixture of catholic believes and Yoruba culture.
First practice by slave brought to Cuba from West Africa (Nigeria)
Slave would identified their orishas deities with the catholic saints.
this allowed them to continue with their believes without punishment Discípulo Numero Uno
Discípulo Numero Dos
Discípulo Numero Tres
Discípulo Numero Cuatro Afro-Cuban Music Palo --or law of the Congo-- is a series of religious practices of Bantu origins,
brought by slaves to Cuba from Central Africa.
veneration of spirits of the ancestors
The belief in natural ("earth") powers focuses on the religious altar know as Nganga or Prenda
Pot fill with sacred earth, stick(palos), human remains, bones and other items. it is inhabited by a Muerto (spirit of the dead)
Names associated with Palo include Palo Mayombe, Palo Monte, Palo Congo, Brillumba, and more Calypso Trinidad - Pre Lenten Carnival Rumba Merengue Tango Salsa Music Music has Eureopean vocal traits with African Music
Today, Latin American music influences music in Africa
"two directional cross fertilization" Dance bailes de salón and bailes de tierra
dances in Cuba, Brazil, Colombia, Venezuela were most influenced
Mexico and Andes least influenced
African dances had more body movements and were less upright than traditional Latin dances Movement Couple dances incorporated more hip movement and more sexual agression
Fast African beats made dances develop hip rolls, shoulder shimmies, leg lifts, and squats Slave brought Palm oil, ginger, okra, watermelon, black-eyed peas, and eggplant.
Slave also introduce the use of ingredients such as Peanut, Pipian, Plantains
slaves got the less desire cuts of meat (shoulders and intestines.) Food MIxed scraps of food landlords would not eat
ended up coming with dishes that are now part latin american cuisine
exmples: Menudo, Tacu-Tacu (peru) Salsa Macha, Mole poblano Food