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Utilitarism

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Melisa Fregoso

on 28 February 2014

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Transcript of Utilitarism

Jeremy Bentham
John Stuart Mill
They were hedonists
XVIII and XIX in England
Friday, February 28
Vol XCIII, No. 311
What is this theory about?
Two main contributors
EXAMPLE
Utilitarism
The purpose of man
Values
The most important for this theory are..
Not to do it will include:

Having a bad grade.
Doing it will include:

Learn
Get a good grade
Knowing what to answer in the examination.
Two alternative actions and to estimate which would have better consequences FOR US.
To consider both sides (right or wrong) of an action, that will lead us to HAPPINESS.
It is based on HEDONISM.
This theory answers the next question: WHAT OUGHT A MAN TO DO?
"Acts should be classified as morally right or wrong only if the consequences are of such significance that a person would wish to see the agent completed."
Definition of man according to this philosophy:

This theory is an opposition to egoism.
We should consider everyone's pleasure.
It differs from what is "right" and whats is "wrong".

Lets imagine we have to decide between doing our homework or not...
John Stuart Mill
Utilitarism
We are considering both possible actions, and deciding which has a better consequence.
Limitations of this theory:
The value of life is more than a balance of pleasure over pain.
The prevention or elimination of suffering should take precedence over any alternative act
Requires sacrifice of your own good




Theories opposed:
Marxism: Marx argues that human nature is dynamic, so the concept of a single utility for all humans is one-dimensional and not useful.
•John Taurek’s: John Taurek has argued that the idea of adding happiness or pleasures across persons is quite unintelligible

http://www.utilitarianism.com/utilitarianism.html


Works cited
"Peter Singer." Encyclopaedia Britannica. Encyclopaedia Britannica Online Academic Edition. Encyclopædia Britannica Inc., 2014. Web. 28 Feb. 2014. <http://0-www.britannica.com.millenium.itesm.mx/EBchecked/topic/1053194/Peter-Singer>.
"Utilitarianism." Encyclopaedia Britannica. Encyclopaedia Britannica Online Academic Edition. Encyclopædia Britannica Inc., 2014. Web. 28 Feb. 2014. <http://0-www.britannica.com.millenium.itesm.mx/EBchecked/topic/620682/utilitarianism>.
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