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language barriers

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on 16 September 2013

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Transcript of language barriers

language barriers
According the the census report of 2000 3 million Americans said they couldn't speak English and 20 million don't speak English very well.
Many people come to the United States with hopes of having a better life and the so called American dream. which according to James Truslow Adams in his book The Epic of America is "That dream of land in which life should be better and fuller for everyone, with opportunity for each according to ability of achievement."
In the United states alone , English language learners are one of the fastest growing population within the educational system.

what is literacy?
Foley (1994) "For the purpose of this discussion,the term 'literacy' will be used broadly to refer to the mastery of language, both in its spoken and written forms, which enables an individual to use language fluently for a variety of purposes.
According to the National Center for Education Statistics, the number of children between the ages of 5-17 who did not speak English at home grew from 4.7 million in 1980 to 11.2 million in 2009. Language barriers can have long term negative effects on a students academic performance.
Oral language development
children are about 12 years old before they fully master their native language. And before this children aren't able to learn a second language as quickly as older kids or adults
children who begin to learn a new language before they fully understand their native language have difficulty expressing abstract concepts or ideas in his/her second language.
ultimately, it is difficult for a child to succeed without having a solid foundation of his/her firts language.
Emotional factors
According to John Schurman many second language learners are afraid that they don't have a strong enough command of the language to express themselves and worry that they will be ridiculed if they try to communicate with others using the new language.
Parental involvement
parental involvement is usually much lower among language minorities. Parents may be uncomfortable coming in to the classroom to talk to the teachers because they are not fluent themselves. So they may not be fully aware of how their child is preforming in the class room
parents who are also not fluent in the second language, a lot of the time cannot help their student with homework, so homework assignments may not always be completed satisfactorily .
Academic Failure
Pinnock claims that children experience higher failure rates in school if the language they learn at school is different from the one spoken at home.
In 2008 UNESCO conducted a research across 26 countries showing that over 50% of students who dropped out of school did not speak the language in which they were being educated. This applies to the USA as well.
A 2012 report by the APA noted that latino students who spoke on language at home and another at school had a greater risk of graduating late or dropping out.
How does this relate to Douglass?
Douglass was liberated through his education, he didn't give up and became a great person, which no one expected from a slave. So by giving other people an education and teaching them how to work through those barriers we can spark a great mind that is being enslaved by ignorance.
Lifting the Barrier
Language barriers are a difficult hurdle, but they can be successfully overcome. class room teacher can teach techniques such as highlighting, using simpler vocabulary to explain concepts, provide the same material at different reading levels, and most importantly build a relationship with their student and family to build trust which is necessary for learning
And us as classmates can help by being understanding, helping whenever someone need help, clarifying and being friendly rather than making fun of them when they don't know how to say something or when they are having a hard time understanding.
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