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The Civil War Begins lesson 3

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Eric Maya

on 22 August 2016

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Transcript of The Civil War Begins lesson 3

The Civil War Begins
March 1861
Chapter 1 Lesson 3

Essential Question (s)
1. What was the Emancipation Proclamation able to accomplish?

2. What impact did the Civil War have on the economies of the North and South?
Union and Confederate Forces Clash
Confederate soldiers began taking forts
Fall of Ft. Sumter united North
Strengths and Strategies
Anaconda Plan
: General Winfield Scott block souther ports, riverboats on the Mississippi, capture Richmond
South: defend
Bull Run
Near D.C.... Stonewall Jackson defeated Union
Union and Confederate Forces Clash
Union Armies in the West
Ulysses S. Grant led Union Army in W. Tennessee and captured Ft. Henry and Ft. Donaldson
1/4 of 100,000 soldiers were gone
David Farragut take New Orleans
Cut Confederacy in two
The War for the Capitals
Robert E. Lee drove Genral McClellan away from Richmond
Describe the strategies of the N and S at the beginning of the Civil War...
The Politics of War
Lee attempts to take Washington
Plans found on cigar!!!
McCllelan attacked Lee and defeated him at Antietam (26,000 dead) single bloodiest day of war.
Britain remains neutral during the war
No need for cotton... needed norther wheat
The Emancipation Proclamation
Allowed for the emancipation (freedom) of all enslaved peoples
Both sides were never fully united...
Life During Wartime
Heavy losses led to conscription (draft)

180,000 fought for freedom (10% of army)
low pay and discrimination
Soldiers Suffer
Technology of killing outrun medical technology
Soldiers lived in among rubbish and open latrines

Soldiers often died in prison camps
awful conditions
Women work to improve conditions
3,000 women served as Union nurses
Clara Barton: American Red Cross
War Affects Regional Economies
South: Loss of food growing area and slaves
food prices rose (inflation rate=7,000 %)
North: positive effect in factories
whites replaced with free black and migrant workers (lower wages)
Nation's first income tax
Life During Wartime
Full transcript