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2.05 Rise of The Political Machines
Transcript of 2.05 Rise of The Political Machines
2.05 Rise of The Political Machines
Child Labor in the 1800-1900's
The Growing Pains of Growing Americans
Child Labor was a common practice in America in the 19th Century throughout the 20th century. Children as young as 4 years old would be forced to work in cramped, dangerous factories that were infested with diseases and poisonous fumes. Not only were they paid less than adults, but they were also bullied by their employers because they could not exercise or demand their rights. It wasn't much better for the young farm workers, however, because they often worked 12 hours a day, harvesting crops in freezing or extremely hot temperatures. It wasn't til reformers like Mother Jones addressed the issue, when they finally had a voice.
An Organization specially designed to bring to light the atrocities committed by big business owners to young, exploited workers.
From the Mini Miners Organization
The Mini Miners Organization has come up with a list of demands to regulate the exploitation of child workers:
Children less than 15 cannot work under the harsh conditions of the coal mining industry
The average work day for a child worker is between 6-8 hours a day (Subject to Compromise)
Child Workers cannot work in extreme temperatures (Subject to Compromise)
Child Workers doing adult jobs will be paid the average salary of an adult
Children of all ages, who work in factories, farming and coal mining will be provided with safety materials such as: gloves and gas masks
Medical expenses as a result of an On-The-Job injury to a child worker will be covered by their employer
* Most important demands
People and Places
Mary Harris "Mother" Jones
Uriah S. Stephens of the K.O.L
Jane Addams of the Hull House
We will hold all meetings at the Mini Miners Headquarters in New York City.
Public Riots/Strikes/Events will be held:
28th of March 1892 - Pennsylvania Coal Processing Plant
24th of April 1892 - Canning Factory (Eastport, Maine)
16th of May 1892 - Doffer Factory (Talladega, Alabama)
KEEP THEIR LITTLE LUNGS CLEAN
JOIN THE MOVEMENT AGAINST CHILD LABOR
KEEP OUR FUTURE SAFE
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By: Baylee Monley
In this lesson, you have learned about political machines, the social issues that developed in the United States in the late 19th and early 20th centuries, and the movements that arose to address them.
For this assignment, you will create your own interest group to address one of the social needs of the late 1800s and early 1900s. Use your knowledge and your 21st-century skills to:
choose an issue relevant to the late 1800s or early 1900s to address
prepare a one-paragraph summary of the issue
choose a name for your group
thinking as a person living during this time period, draw up a list of demands (about five or six) and discuss which are the most important and which you are willing to limit through compromise
choose meeting times and places appropriate to the people who would be involved
create a poster directed toward your primary audience and designed to build your movement