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Effects of Alcohol - Assessment 2A

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Ricky Schmidt

on 20 May 2013

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Transcript of Effects of Alcohol - Assessment 2A

When enough is enough Ricky Schmidt, Jacqueline Goddard,
Terri Hibbert, Katie McMurtrie Binge Drinking Underage Drinking Physical Effects Social Drinking Addiction Physical Effects Effects of Alcohol Underage Drinking Binge Drinking Social Drinking Addiction In 1999 underage drinking in the United States had an estimated cost of $52.8 billion annually.

In 2001 underage drinking in the US was estimated at $61.9 billion.

In 2001 underage drinking accounted for at least 16% of all alcohol sales, contributing to 3,170 deaths.

Social consequences for underage drinkers can include, reputational damage and self-esteem issues. When enough is enough Social Impact Statistics


The social aspects affected by binge drinking include:

•work/studies/employment prospects
•marriage/intimate relationship
•family relationships
•friendships/social life
•physical health
•finances

In a six-country research project, 39.8 % of men and 28.4% of women aged 18 to 23 agreed excessive alcohol consumption had a harmful effect on social aspects of their lives. Social drinking impacts society by means of:

• Social influence or conditioning
• Escalation to drunkenness

Social Drinking behaviors appear to vary between Cultures.

Countries like the UK, Scandinavia, US and Australia, alcohol is associated with anti-social behavior. When Enough is Enough Social Impact According to the Centres for Disease Control, alcoholism impacts:
• the workplace
• the home
• the lives beyond the person who suffers from the condition

America spends $22.5 billion annually in health care relating to alcohol addiction. “25% to 45% of all hospital patients nationwide are being treated for alcohol complications”.

“Health care costs related to alcohol abuse are not limited to the user. Children of alcoholics who are admitted to the hospital average 62% more hospital days and 29% longer stays”. Statistics References Conclusion The legal limit of alcohol for a person under the legal drinking age of 18 is zero. Underage drinkers are at risk of severe effects of alcohol as their brain and bodies are still developing. It is important to educate young people about the dangers of alcohol, even though it may not stop underage drinking. ‘Social drinking’ is drinking in moderation without the intent of getting drunk. They tend to drink the recommended alcohol intake or until they feel they have had enough. A standard drink contains 10 grams of pure alcohol. The label on an alcoholic drink will tell you how many standard drinks are in each container. Drinking in a responsible, safe and legal manner! ‘Binge drinking’ is the term used when a person drinks a large amount of alcohol over a short period of time with the intention of getting heavily intoxicated. The amount of alcohol that is needed to be consumed to get the desired effect is different for every person but the risks are the same. It is common for an alcoholic to be in denial that they have a problem and they are often unable to keep a limit of how much alcohol they consume. An alcoholic can overcome their addiction with counselling and rehabilitation. Presented by
The human brain continues to develop until approx. 25 yrs. Underage drinking may impair neurological development, physical growth and cognitive abilities.
People who drink at a young age may engage in sexual activity leading to unplanned pregnancies and STD'S. Normal Brain,
Burne, J (2009) Brain with Alcohol Damage
Burne, J (2009) Google Image (2013) Centre for Disease Control and Prevention (2012) Physical Effects of Drinking

Addictions and recovery.org(2013). Withdrawal. Retrieved from http://www.addictionsandrecovery.org/withdrawal.htm

Centers for Disease Control and Prevention(2012). Binge Drinking , Atlanta USA. Retrieved from http://www.cdc.gov/alcohol/fact-sheets/binge-drinking.htm

Hanes Melodee (2012). Effects and Consequences of Underage drinking, U.S. Department of Justice. Retrieved from http://www.ojjdp.gov/pubs/237145.pdf

Burne, J (2009). Are you wrecking your brain? Chilling pictures reveal shocking effects of alcohol, cigarettes and even caffeine on the mind - Brain after alcohol damage [Image] . Retrieved from http://www.dailymail.co.uk/health/article-1177258/Are-wrecking-brain-Chilling-pictures-reveal-shocking-effects-alcohol-cigarettes-caffeine-mind.html

Burne, J (2009). Are you wrecking your brain? Chilling pictures reveal shocking effects of alcohol, cigarettes and even caffeine on the mind - Normal Brain [Image]. Retrieved from http://www.dailymail.co.uk/health/article-1177258/Are-wrecking-brain-Chilling-pictures-reveal-shocking-effects-alcohol-cigarettes-caffeine-mind.html

National Drug Unit. (2013). Get the facts on Alcohol. Retrieved http://www.drugcouncil.tc/alcohol.html

Randy Garcia (2013) Alcohol Addiction. Retrieved from http://www.empowernetwork.com/randygarcia/blog/alcohol-addiction/ Image source- Wordpress, Ben Hackshaw (2010) http://www.benhackshaw.co.uk/?portfolio=alcohol-awareness Image source- ABC, Push the Limit to Excess Alcohol (2011) http://www.abc.net.au/news/stories/2011/07/28/3279691.htm?site=idx-sa Image source- Kristen Sauls (2011) http://www.goodfellow.af.mil/news/story.asp?id=123251260 Image source- National Binge Drinking Campaign (2008) http://www.drinkingnightmare.gov.au/internet/DrinkingNightmare/publishing.nsf Drinking Nightmare Campaign, Australian Government Department of Health and Aging (2013) http://www.drinkingnightmare.gov.au/internet/drinkingnightmare/publishing.nsf/Content/ When Enough is Enough National Health and Medical Research Council (2009). Australian Guidelines to Reduce Health Risks from Drinking Alcohol. NHMRC, Canberra, Commonwealth of Australia. National Health and Medical Research Council (2009). Australian Guidelines to Reduce Health Risks from Drinking Alcohol. NHMRC, Canberra, Commonwealth of Australia. http://www.nhmrc.gov.au/ References Australian Drug Foundation, ‘Why it’s dumb to drink when you’re a teenager’, Fact Sheet Number 3.11, (2005). http://www.druginfo.adf.org.au/fact-sheets/fact-sheets
Between 1992 and 2001 more than 31,000 deaths were attributed to risky or high risk alcohol consumption in Australia [The leading causes were alcoholic liver cirrhosis (6,825), road crash injury (5,489), cancer (2,874) and suicide (2,495)].



For healthy adults in general, heavy drinking means consuming more than the single-day or the weekly amounts listed above. About 1 in 4 people who drink above these levels already has alcohol dependence or alcohol abuse problems. Alcoholism is the term used for compulsive, uncontrollable consumption of alcohol. A person who has a problem with alcohol is referred to as an ‘alcoholic’. Image source- Desert News, Thomas Betar (2012) http://www.deseretnews.com/article/765592042/Evolving-alcohol-treatments-can-work-wonders.html?pg=all Alcohol account for 13 per cent of all deaths among 14-17 year olds. It is estimated that one Australian teenager dies and 60 are hospitalised each week from alcohol related causes. In 2005-06, 15-19 year old males and females had the highest hospital separation rates for acute intoxication from alcohol of any age group (124 and 126 per 100,000 respectively). By the age of 14, 86% of young people have tried alcohol. Almost one in four young people aged 14-19 report consuming alcohol at risky levels for short term harm on a monthly or weekly basis, as defined by the 2001 NHMRC guidelines2 (Australian Institute of Health and Welfare, 2008). On average one in four hospitalisations of 15 -25 year olds happen because of alcohol. Recent research has shown that 168,000 Australians between 12 and 17 have reported binge drinking or drinking at risky levels. In 2007-08, a higher proportion of men aged 18 years and over consumed alcohol in quantities at a risk or high risk to their long-term health, compared to women (15% compared to 12%, standardised for the age structure of the population). On average, young people have about 5 drinks on a single occasion, which can be considered binge drinking. Statistics Youth who drink are more likely
to carry out or be the victim of a physical or sexual assault. According to the 2008 Victorian Secondary School Student survey, 56 per cent of Victorian students aged between 12 and 17 describe themselves as non-drinkers. Another big group describe themselves as occasional drinkers (21 per cent), and less than one in five say they are ‘party drinkers' (18 per cent). In addition to the health risks, drinking may also impact your self–esteem and social life because you may find yourself doing things when you’re drunk that you wouldn't normally do if you were sober.
In fact, one in two Australians aged 15 – 17 who get drunk will do something they regret. A great deal of alcohol’s effect is actually the placebo effect. Victoria University in New Zealand convinced nearly 150 students that they were drinking vodka and tonic with limes, and watched the students partake and shows signs of intoxication. Social Impact

Costs of underage drinking. David T. Levy, Ted R. Miller, and Kenya C. Cox. U.S. Department of Justice, Office of Justice Programs, Office of Juvenile Justice and Delinquency Prevention. Pacific Institute for Research and Evaluation. Rockville MD. October 1999.

http://www.talkingalcohol.com/index.asp?pageid=70
(J. Stud. Alcohol 67: 519-528, 2006)

http://www.jsad.com/jsad/article/Societal_Costs_of_Underage_Drinking/874.html
(Plant,M.A. Plant,M.L, The social consequences of binge drinking: A comparison of young adults in six European countries, Journal of Addictive Diseases, 28: 4, 294-308.)

http://www.bupa.com.au/health-and-wellness/health-information/healthy- living/articles/alcohol/binge-drinking

http://www.sirc.org/publik/drinking3.html

Social Effects of Alcohol Abuse | eHow.com http://www.ehow.com/facts_5750756_social-effects-alcohol-abuse.html#ixzz2SZaQldmp

AlcoholPolicyMD.com.
Children of Alcoholics Foundation, Children of Alcoholics in the Medicaid System: Hidden Problems, Hidden Costs, 1990 When enough is enough Social Impact Statistics Physical Effects Binge drinking is most common in high school and college years typically age 15- 24. Physical Effects Image source- Lucie Van Den Berg (2013), Herald Sun. http://www.heraldsun.com.au/archive/news/booze-is-bad-for-you-research-shows/story-fn7x8me2-1226047953969 Statistics
http://whentosaywhen.com.au/the-numbers-behind-what-we-drink-drinking-statistics/ http://drinkwisewebsite.s3-ap-southeast-1.amazonaws.com/2011/10/From-Ideal.pdf
http://www.abs.gov.au/ausstats/abs@.nsf/Lookup
/4125.0main+features3310Jul%202012
http://www.tuneinnotout.com/topics/alcohol-other drugs/alcohol/? gclid=CPORgaH_3LYCFURcpQodFCEAZQ
http://bingedrinkingstatistics.com/ http://today.ninemsn.com.au/healthandbeauty/389689/binge-drinking-epidemic
http://www.niaaa.nih.gov/alcohol-health/special-populations-co-occurringdisorders/underage-drinking
http://www.niaaa.nih.gov/alcohol-health/overview-alcohol-consumption/moderate-binge-drinking
http://www.abs.gov.au/ausstats/abs@.nsf/Lookup/4125.0main+features3310Jul%202012 Picture sources
http://www.thevine.com.au/life/food/absolut-vodka-takes-a-shot-at-making-4-million-unique-bottles/
http://www.corkchronicles.com/tag/champagne/
http://www.mariakillam.com/2013/03/pop-the-champagne-we-have-great-news.html/ http://picsbox.biz/key/car%20crash%20cartoons
http://blog.b-21.com/buy-wine-online/category/bob-sprentall-proprietor-of-b21-wine-company/aussie-aces/ Some of the physical effects of binge drinking are:
• Unintentional injuries (e.g., car crashes, falls, burns, drowning)
• Intentional injuries (e.g., firearm injuries, sexual assault, domestic violence)
• Alcohol poisoning
• Sexually transmitted diseases
• Unintended pregnancy
• Children born with Fetal Alcohol Spectrum Disorders
• High blood pressure, stroke, and other cardiovascular diseases
• Liver disease
• Neurological damage
• Sexual dysfunction, and
• Poor control of diabetes Conclusion

“Drink smart story.”Retrieved 16-05-2013, http://www.drinksmart.com/ National Drug Unit(2013) People who suffer from alcohol addiction may experience the following:
• Nausea, vomiting, or diarrhea
• Tightness in the chest
• Difficulty breathing
• Muscle tension
• Racing heart
• Palpitations
• Sweating
• Tremor Dangerous symptoms may include:
• Grand mal seizures
• Heart attacks
• Strokes
• Hallucinations
• Delirium tremens (DTs) Randy Garcia (2013) Addiction and recovery.org(2013) Hanes Melodee (2012) People who drink socially may experience the following physical effects:
Inability to function at an acceptable social standard.
Intoxification leads to poor judgement and consequently bad behaviour. This can result in a criminal record if illegal activities occur.
Social withdrawal
Unstable emotions
Embarrassment
Getting into fights
Drunk and disorderly behaviour/violence/domestic disputes
Loss of friends or family or even a job Alcohol, if consumed excessively, can be deadly, so it's important to know the side effects and risks you are embarking on. Make sure you understand the law, know your limits, and always have a safe way home such as a designated driver. If you feel like you may have a dependence on alcohol, please utilise the many helplines and websites out there to help you. They could save your life. Countries in the Mediterranean and some South American cultures, drinking behaviours are largely non-violent and quite harmonious. Social Impact
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