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Modesty in Japanese culture
Transcript of Modesty in Japanese culture
murahachibu and collectivism. Is modesty bad thing to have to be active in a global society? Conclusion members person resisting The members of a village shared the environment
that supplied resources, kept unified intention and
maintained order. 2.Fire fighting 1.Take care of the funeral 10.Travel 9.Death anniversary ceremony 8.Take care of flood damage 7.Help of new construction and reconstruction 5.Childbirth 4.Marriage ceremony 3.Coming-of-age celebration Mura-Hachi(8)-Bu村八分(OSTRACISM) Effects of mura-society and murahachibu are modest and have negative thoughts on themselves. The society that has a fear
of being left out by others. Many Japanese ....
don’t assert themselves.
try to sympathize with others.
try not to stand out. The existence of mura-society and ostracism ・family
・nation People put stress on the solidarity of members. Group objective Individual objective > Group’s norms and duties Group Triandis Collectivism ・People like indirect expressions. ・People think harmony with others as important. People like to conform to other people rather than to express their own opinions. Effects of collectivism Many Japanese don’t assert themselves. National character that put stress on the unity and harmony of the group than each individual. Ｅｘｉｓｔｅｎｃｅ ｏｆ Existence of collectivism In the society with strong collectivistic tendencies
Focused on the main character
→ Identified themselves to the main characters.
→ The perception style of self-enhancement.
Looked at the whole picture
→Noticed the changes in the background
→Self-effacement (＝Modesty) From the results of the experiment Americans: paid more attention to the larger fish,
the main characters of the picture
Japanese: described the picture more holistically.
Changes in the background were more recognized by Japanese.
Results reflect the difference between self-effacement and self-enhancement. 4-b. Results of experiment “Noda gave notice of a moderate, businesslike style of leadership.”
“Colleagues and supporters say the new prime minister was an eloquent speaker from the time the DPJ (Democratic Party of Japan)ｗａｓ in opposition,”
Daily Yomiuri Sep. 4, 2011 Reputation for our prime minister JAL president becomes famous as modest executive. Other examples
Hate to attract attention.
Hate to be different from others.
Don’t even thank for the praise. Example of the positive aspect of modesty Because of modesty, people…..
Care about others’ opinion a lot.
Try to agree with others and don’t feel too stressful about it.
Make themselves agreeable to everybody. Self-effacement Encourages the leadership
The consciousness of trying to be in charge
Too much of those could lead to selfishness
Can result in losing the trust and reliance Self-enhancement Is self-enhancement or self-effacement bad ?? Experiment Example of JAL president . use a company’s car
only when he necessary lunch at cafeteria Behaviors of Japanese people after the quake waited in queue to receive water distributed at a park in front of
a public telephone booth make lines at a subway station What do you want for lunch? Umm…
How about you? Oh… Really…
That’s nice Well,That sounds nice too
but I heard they opened a new French restaurant near here! He doesn’t look like he wants French Well…
How about Chinese? Oh…
Ok!! Guess she doesn’t want Chinese. But I don’t like French…. I had Chinese yesterday.. Umm….
How about Italian? Sounds nice!! OK!! Let’s go! Oh! Nooooooo!
It was cheap and……. So nice!! You are always fashionable! Oh….. Really…. Oh! Nooooo!
I always look bad!
I have no sense of fashion and….. Reaction when praised Modesty has established it selves deeply in Japanese everyday life. But why? Mura-society discriminate How does modesty effects our lives?? commute by public transportation salary 189 million yen CEO of JAL I’m just doing
the right thing. CEOs of America’s Big 3 9.6 million yen Lunch at cafeteria Behaviors of Japanese people after the quake I am a Loach “Fｏｒｅｉｇｎｅｒｓ could not understand why someone at the nation's top post would want to undersell himself thus.”
The Straits Times Sep. 3, 2011 Shows negativeness
No Leadership Bad Point Good Effects Nice teamwork
Care about each other
Can bring other people in the front in any occasions Become the wall to be active in the global society Should we copy foreigners and loose modesty? How does modesty effects our lives What should japanese do to be active in the global society? Encourages the consideration of others
Able to understand, listen to others opinions to not to be blind to particular thing.
Get miss understandings. Japanese have good modesty and bad modesty.
Japanese modesty came from mura-society, murahachibu and collectivism.
These have been rooted deeply in Japanese nationality.
Modesty can’t be taken away from Japanese everyday lives. Japanese are thought that we are not adaptable in a global society because of our modesty in culture.
Japanese modesty can be thought as a self-enhancement.
To become active in a global society, we should have both self-effacement and self-enhancement(modesty). Mura-society Murahachibu Collectivism Thank you for listening