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Greek Literature

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Leanne Caragay

on 18 November 2013

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Transcript of Greek Literature

Ancient Greek Literature
Introduction to Greek literature
Plato
draw my life
Ancient Greek literature (4th century)
lifestyle, families, entertainment, fashion
rich families sent their sons to school, and women were not allowed to leave the house
houses were not very sturdy
men performed in plays for entertainment
men wore togas and women wore peplas
families wanted their sons to be soliders
Early life
His Studies
Writings
The Academy
Philosophies
Early Life
Born in 428 BCE in Athens
Died in 384 BCE
Father's death
Birth name is Aristocles
Wealthy
Joined the Athenian oligarchy of the Thirty Tyrants
http://faculty.washington.edu/smcohen/320/cave.htm

perception
sun
The Republic


http://www.ehow.com/info_8565035_basics-ancient-greek-literature.html
mythology
poetry
dialogues
Classical and Hellenistic is emphasized more
Classical included many writers/historians such as Herodotus (called the "father of history, writing about the Persian war), thucydides (wrote the history of the Palopenisian war) -both stress research and Xenophon and philosophers including Socrates, Plato and Aristotle
http://www.crystalinks.com/greekliterature.html
philosophies
Homer
poet: Odyssey and Iliad
both valued today by many scholars
Iliad: depicted at the time of the Trojan war in Troy.
Talks about the characters and their battle cries
how they often made sacrifices toward the Greek Gods/Goddesses
only included the tenth and last year of the Trojan war
Odyssey: character, Odysseus, and his ten year journey to return home after the fall of Troy
Homeric Hymns (short poems) honoured the Gods
http://www.ancientgreece.com/s/People/Homer/
Herodotus
historian
it is thought that he was born in the Greek city (in Asia Minor), Halicarnassus
known as the "Father of History"
wrote about the account and history of the Persian war
there are very little details known about his birth and death
http://www.ancient.eu.com/herodotus/
Thucydides
historian
wrote about the Peloponnesian War between Sparta and Athens (lasted 27 years
gave detailed description of the plague
his writings are now separated into 8 separate books
Aristotle
Philosopher
learned from Plato
studied at Plato's Academy
Alexander the Great
Socrates
There are 4 major time periods within the Ancient Greek Literature writings:
Preclassical (1000BC-480BC)
Classical (479BC-338BC)
Hellenistic (337BC-146BC)
Byzantine (290AD-1000AD)
Classical and Hellenistic is emphasized more
Themes from plays and poems in this era are still incorporated in modern literature

Hellenism:
Alexander the Great
used to describe Greek culture, history, reference to Classical Greek era
adaptation to Greek ways
mythology was a greatly used topic in Ancient Greek literature
many events such as the wars and deaths of many popular writers in the Classical Greek era influenced change within this literary movement
the epics
the death of Socrates is when Plato became a teacher, began to explore and examine the many realizations in life
Studies
Studied Doctorines of Cratylus, and the work of Pythagoras and Parmenides
Became Socrates" Disciple
Socrates' death
Traveled With Euclides, adn Socrates' friends
Studied Pythagoreans in Italy
Studied the philosophy of his contemporaries, geometry, geology, astronomy and religion.
Writings
http://www.anselm.edu/homepage/dbanach/platform.htm
Plato's writings and dialogues mostly always included Socrates
Socrates is most often seen as a hero
His dialogues branched out from metaphysics, to politics, religion and ethics and more
He wrote a lot during the twelve years he travelled
Most dialogues were translated by Benjamin Lewitt
Middle Dialogues
Plato begins expressing his own views in the guise of Socrates. The Symposium and Republic are the most important works in this period.
Late Dialogues
These dialogues are deeper developments of the philosophy expressed in the earlier dialogues. These are the most difficult of Plato's works.
There are 4 major types of writings (genres):
epic traditions
lyrical poetry
tragedy and comedy
philosophy and history
foundation of today's modern literature
one of the most obvious influences is our english alphabet
began around the 8th century up until the 4th century
centrally based in the Mediterranean area (Turkey)
began with oral traditions
Greek literature falls within the Classical literature era, amongst others such as Chinese, Latin and Hebrew Literature
Early Dialogues
Apology
Crito
Charmides or Temperance
Laches or Courage
Lysis or Friendship
Euthyphro
Ion
Socrates is usually the central character, and is believed to be expressing his own views. These are the only remaining record of Socrates' teachings. These are known as the Socratic dialogues.
Gorgias
Protagoras
Meno
Euthydemus
Cratylus
Phaedo
Phaedrus
Symposium
The Republic
Theatus
Parmenides
Sophist
Statesman
Philebus
Timaeus
Critias
Laws
The Seventh Letter
The Academy
http://www.sacred-texts.com/cla/plato/
Philosophies
Contrary to popular belief, the academy was not built by Plato and it was restricted to mathematics teachings
Gymnasium Belonging to Academus
Founded in 387 BC and "First European University"
Curriculum involved astronomy, biology, mathematics, political theory, and philosophy
"Let no one ignorant of geometry enter"
First lead by Plato, Speuisppus, Xenocrates, Polemon, Crates and Crantor.
Believed to have been shut down in 529 AD
https://www.dartmouth.edu/~matc/math5.geometry/unit6/unit6.html
http://www-history.mcs.st-and.ac.uk/Societies/Plato.html
Philosopher
Teacher
no written proof of his works
much of the stories and works are found in the writing of Xenophon, Plato, Aristotle, and Aristophanes
http://www.ancientgreece.com/s/People/Socrates/
http://www.ancientgreece.com/s/People/Thucydides/
http://voices.yahoo.com/platos-allegory-cave-analysis-summary-25170.html
Art
http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Free_will_in_antiquity
Powell, Anton, and Philip Steele. "Ideas Dont Die." <i>The Greek news</i>. Cambridge, Mass.: Candlewick Press, 1996. 27. Print.
http://www.heavenly-greek-islands.com/ancient-greek-architecture.html
http://classicalwisdom.com/category/ancient-greek-art/
https://pantherfile.uwm.edu/prec/www/course/mythology/0100/ancient.htm
http://www.arthistoryspot.com/2010/02/classical-greek-pottery/
http://www.abcteach.com/free/i/intro_to_greek_lit.pdf
http://gogreece.about.com/od/greeklanguage2/ss/greekalphabet_9.htm
https://pantherfile.uwm.edu/prec/www/course/mythology/0100/ancient.htm
http://www.bible-history.com/ibh/Greek+Customs/Footwear/Greek+and+Roman+Sandals
http://www.bible-researcher.com/headcoverings3.html
http://dictionary.reference.com/browse/hellenism?qsrc=2446
Fashion
eg. Egypt - centers of greek culture and literature
http://www.britishmuseum.org/pdf/veldmeijer_c.pdf
The Allegory of the Cave
we as humans are referred to the ones trapped inside of the cave, being naive and believing everything we see in our world
our world is actually full of darkness and things we do know know and only perceive
if we choose - open and explore other things in our world
things = forms [reference to Plato's theory of forms]
typical in today's world
The Good
humankind
http://gardenofpraise.com/ibdalex.htm
http://background-pictures.feedio.net/greece-timeline/whitman.edu*theatre*theatretour*timelines*greece.timeline.jpg/
http://womenonthefence.com/2011/04/04/national-poetry-month-contest-winner/
http://www.papermasters.com/greek-philosophers.html
http://www.barnesandnoble.com/w/the-greek-dialogues-betty-mallett-smith/1026414730?ean=9781453545881
http://cc.oulu.fi/~yseppa/pages/page3_1.html
http://voiceseducation.org/node/142
http://www.livius.org/so-st/socrates/socrates.html
http://www.abolitionist.com/herodotus.html
http://bookcents.blogspot.ca/2011/01/peloponnesian-war-everlasting.html
http://www.eyewitnesstohistory.com/ancientgreece.htm
http://factsanddetails.com/world.php?itemid=2020
http://history-world.org/greek_art.htm
Diet
http://www.hoplites.org/FOOD.pdf
bread
fish
wine
honey
fruits and vegetables
meat
http://greekfood.about.com/od/quenstionsanswers/f/ancientfood.htm
http://www.historyforkids.org/learn/greeks/games/
art: architecture, pottery, statues - Gods/Goddesses, Greek writers
fashion: often changed, reflected changes within society
men/women wore sandals - woven
made from several materials: palm leaves, vegetable fibre, leather or papyrus
leather bands held them in place
Sports and recreation:
Life Span
short
men - wars
women - childbirth
children -abandoned
classical era-strong influence on the Roman Empire and western civilization, war
Democracy
Political Activity
Questions
When did greek literature begin and end?
what is an obvious influence of greek literature?
Name the five philosophers mentioned
What are the names of the garments men and women wore?
What is Plato's birth name?
The academy is considered to be.... ?
Brief: What is the cave analogy?
8th to the 4th century
The English alphabet
Homer, Socrates, Herodotus, Thucydides, Aristole
Togas and peplos
Aristocles
The first European university
Plato's explanation on how we as humans are trapped inside a cave, being naive and believing everything we see in our world
includes Socrates, about justice and order and about what a just man should be like
http://10philosophycm.wikispaces.com/Ancient+Philosophy+Pt2+-+Plato+and+Aristotle
Full transcript