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Transcript of Greek Literature
Introduction to Greek literature
draw my life
Ancient Greek literature (4th century)
lifestyle, families, entertainment, fashion
rich families sent their sons to school, and women were not allowed to leave the house
houses were not very sturdy
men performed in plays for entertainment
men wore togas and women wore peplas
families wanted their sons to be soliders
Born in 428 BCE in Athens
Died in 384 BCE
Birth name is Aristocles
Joined the Athenian oligarchy of the Thirty Tyrants
Classical and Hellenistic is emphasized more
Classical included many writers/historians such as Herodotus (called the "father of history, writing about the Persian war), thucydides (wrote the history of the Palopenisian war) -both stress research and Xenophon and philosophers including Socrates, Plato and Aristotle
poet: Odyssey and Iliad
both valued today by many scholars
Iliad: depicted at the time of the Trojan war in Troy.
Talks about the characters and their battle cries
how they often made sacrifices toward the Greek Gods/Goddesses
only included the tenth and last year of the Trojan war
Odyssey: character, Odysseus, and his ten year journey to return home after the fall of Troy
Homeric Hymns (short poems) honoured the Gods
it is thought that he was born in the Greek city (in Asia Minor), Halicarnassus
known as the "Father of History"
wrote about the account and history of the Persian war
there are very little details known about his birth and death
wrote about the Peloponnesian War between Sparta and Athens (lasted 27 years
gave detailed description of the plague
his writings are now separated into 8 separate books
learned from Plato
studied at Plato's Academy
Alexander the Great
There are 4 major time periods within the Ancient Greek Literature writings:
Classical and Hellenistic is emphasized more
Themes from plays and poems in this era are still incorporated in modern literature
Alexander the Great
used to describe Greek culture, history, reference to Classical Greek era
adaptation to Greek ways
mythology was a greatly used topic in Ancient Greek literature
many events such as the wars and deaths of many popular writers in the Classical Greek era influenced change within this literary movement
the death of Socrates is when Plato became a teacher, began to explore and examine the many realizations in life
Studied Doctorines of Cratylus, and the work of Pythagoras and Parmenides
Became Socrates" Disciple
Traveled With Euclides, adn Socrates' friends
Studied Pythagoreans in Italy
Studied the philosophy of his contemporaries, geometry, geology, astronomy and religion.
Plato's writings and dialogues mostly always included Socrates
Socrates is most often seen as a hero
His dialogues branched out from metaphysics, to politics, religion and ethics and more
He wrote a lot during the twelve years he travelled
Most dialogues were translated by Benjamin Lewitt
Plato begins expressing his own views in the guise of Socrates. The Symposium and Republic are the most important works in this period.
These dialogues are deeper developments of the philosophy expressed in the earlier dialogues. These are the most difficult of Plato's works.
There are 4 major types of writings (genres):
tragedy and comedy
philosophy and history
foundation of today's modern literature
one of the most obvious influences is our english alphabet
began around the 8th century up until the 4th century
centrally based in the Mediterranean area (Turkey)
began with oral traditions
Greek literature falls within the Classical literature era, amongst others such as Chinese, Latin and Hebrew Literature
Charmides or Temperance
Laches or Courage
Lysis or Friendship
Socrates is usually the central character, and is believed to be expressing his own views. These are the only remaining record of Socrates' teachings. These are known as the Socratic dialogues.
The Seventh Letter
Contrary to popular belief, the academy was not built by Plato and it was restricted to mathematics teachings
Gymnasium Belonging to Academus
Founded in 387 BC and "First European University"
Curriculum involved astronomy, biology, mathematics, political theory, and philosophy
"Let no one ignorant of geometry enter"
First lead by Plato, Speuisppus, Xenocrates, Polemon, Crates and Crantor.
Believed to have been shut down in 529 AD
no written proof of his works
much of the stories and works are found in the writing of Xenophon, Plato, Aristotle, and Aristophanes
Powell, Anton, and Philip Steele. "Ideas Dont Die." <i>The Greek news</i>. Cambridge, Mass.: Candlewick Press, 1996. 27. Print.
eg. Egypt - centers of greek culture and literature
The Allegory of the Cave
we as humans are referred to the ones trapped inside of the cave, being naive and believing everything we see in our world
our world is actually full of darkness and things we do know know and only perceive
if we choose - open and explore other things in our world
things = forms [reference to Plato's theory of forms]
typical in today's world
fruits and vegetables
art: architecture, pottery, statues - Gods/Goddesses, Greek writers
fashion: often changed, reflected changes within society
men/women wore sandals - woven
made from several materials: palm leaves, vegetable fibre, leather or papyrus
leather bands held them in place
Sports and recreation:
men - wars
women - childbirth
classical era-strong influence on the Roman Empire and western civilization, war
When did greek literature begin and end?
what is an obvious influence of greek literature?
Name the five philosophers mentioned
What are the names of the garments men and women wore?
What is Plato's birth name?
The academy is considered to be.... ?
Brief: What is the cave analogy?
8th to the 4th century
The English alphabet
Homer, Socrates, Herodotus, Thucydides, Aristole
Togas and peplos
The first European university
Plato's explanation on how we as humans are trapped inside a cave, being naive and believing everything we see in our world
includes Socrates, about justice and order and about what a just man should be like