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Kids Don't Float L1

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Kelli Toth

on 3 September 2014

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Transcript of Kids Don't Float L1

The drowning rate for children and
teenagers in Alaska is almost 2½ times the national average. (This includes both boating and non-boating fatalities.)

Message #1:
Cold Water Immersion
Cold water factors

Stages of cold water immersion

1-10-1 principle
Three Primary Messages:
What is the definition of
immersion hypothermia?
When your core body temperature drops.
1-10-1 Principle
1-10-1 is an easy way to remember what to do in the
event of a cold water immersion.
Cold Water Immersion
Within the first three minutes you GASP (gasp reflex) and hyperventilate.
What to do?
1- Get breathing under control

Count down 5, 4, 3, 2, 1

Try to keep calm
Cold Shock
Cold Incapacitation
What to do?
10- Ten minutes (or more) for self rescue

Assess the situation.
Make a plan. For example, try to self-rescue by climbing a boat ladder, grabbing a rope, pulling yourself out of the water, or swimming to safety.
Prioritize, and perform the most important functions dirst. For example, call for help. Use a communication device (cell phone, satellite phone, VHF marine radio, or deploy an Emergency Locator Beacon), or attract attention by using signaling devices when recuers are near (mirror, whistle, flares).
Immersion Hypothermia
What to do?

1- ONE hour (or more) before loss of useful consciousness

Reduce and minimize heat loss by keeping movements to a minimum or get out of the water.
Heat Escape Lessening Position (HELP) or huddle if rescue is likely.
Be prepared to activate distress signals when potential rescuers are in range.
If rescue is NOT likely, continue efforts of self rescue as in the stage before.
After 30 minutes or more, core body temperature begins to drop.
Message #2
Alaska Life Jacket Law
when aboard a boat, even excellent swimmers and experienced boaters, should wear life jackets.
Even on docks or near
open water,
should wear a life jacket.
Message #3:
Choosing and Using Life Jackets
What is the best life jacket?
"The one you WEAR!!!"
Life Jackets
OFF-SHORE Life Jacket - TYPE I (One)
• U.S. Coast Guard approved for off-shore use

• Turns most unconscious wearers face-up in water

• Bright orange color: highly visible with highly
reflective tape

• It offers the most flotation material which means offers more buoyancy

Read label for intended use
Life Jackets
NEAR-SHORE Life Jacket - TYPE II (Two)
• U.S. Coast Guard approved for near-shore use

• Turns
unconscious wearers face-up in water

• Intended for calm, inland waters and areas
where there is a good chance of quick rescue

• Bright orange or other colors

Read label for intended use
Life Jackets
Near Shore - Type III (Three)
• U.S. Coast Guard approved for use in calm,
inland waters or area of quick rescue

• Not designed to turn a wearer face-up in water

• Some styles not designed for impact activities

• Wide range of sizes and colors available

• Read the label for intended use
Immersion (Survival) Suits

Choosing and Using
Life Jackets

U.S. Coast Guard approved (look for number)

Proper size for the intended user

Appropriate for the activity
Read the label on the life jacket and ensure:
Check to make sure the life jacket is in serviceable condition:
Choosing and Using
Life Jackets

• Read the label for chest size, weight and intended use.

• Intended use- is it approved for waterskiing, tubing, personal watercraft (example: jet ski), etc.?

• Fasten all straps, buckles,
and zippers.

• Adjust for a snug, comfortable fit.

• Lift on shoulder straps to test fit.
Class Activity
Life Jacket Relay Race
Class Activity
Chill Out!
1. Divide into two equal sized teams
and form two lines.

2. When told to start, the people with the life jacket will put it on and make sure it fits properly!
(tighten the straps to ensure
a snug and comfortable fit)

3. Take off the life jacket and pass it
to the next person in line.

All children under 13 years of age on the deck of a boat or in an open boat must wear a U.S. Coast Guard approved life jacket.

As of January 29, 2013, twenty-four children have survived a near fatality thanks to a
Kids Don’t Float
life jacket.
How do you play on Alaska's waters?
Cold Shock
Cold Water Immersion
Cold Incapacitation
Within the first 30 minutes you may experience numbness and muscle fatigue
How fast your core temperature drops depends on factors such as; your fitness, health conditions, what you ate, clothing you are wearing etc.
Immersion Hypothermia
Is it easy or hard to put on a
life jacket with cold hands?
Who Should Wear a
Life Jacket?

1. Surviving the effects of cold water

2. Understanding Alaska life jacket law

3. Choosing and using life jackets
Wear it Alaska!
Cold Water Factors
Cold Water Immersion
Cold Water Immersion
Cold Water Immersion
Cold Water Immersion
Who Should Wear a
Life Jacket?

Class Activity
Life Jacket Fashion Show
1. Choose 5 models.

2. Each model puts on a life jacket.

3. As your life jacket type is being described,
show it off.
Fabric shows no rips or holes
Floatation material is not damaged or exposed
Straps, buckles, and zippers all work
Individuals response to cold water can be affected by several things including:

Speed of immersion


Aerobic fitness

Pre-existing medical conditions

Body type

Protective clothing

Water conditions

Cold Water Immersion
1. Put your hand in the
ice water.

2. Put on a life jacket.

3. Buckle and tighten
the straps.
Survival suits are a useful aid if you have time during an emergency to put it on.
What happens?
What happens?
What happens?
Pledge to Live!
Ask everyone to make the Pledge! Your family, friends and neighbors!
Approximately 3,000 rivers

Over 3,000,000 lakes

Over 34,000 miles of coastline

How to choose a life jacket
How to inspect and fit a life jacket
Understand Alaska laws pertaining to life jackets
Special Use Life Jackets- Type V (Five)
some are U.S. Coast Guard approved, specific to age, activity, or only when worn
Usually comfortable to wear and work in
Come in many styles and colors
Not all life jackets are created equally:
• Read the label for intended use
Keeps the wearer dryer, warmer, and afloat
Designed to prolong the length of time a person can survive in cold water
Impractical to wear when operating a boat, restricts maneuverability
Currently unavailable in sizes to fit children under 44 lbs
Not a U.S. Coast Guard approved life jacket for recreational boats
Full transcript