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The Battle of Britain
Transcript of The Battle of Britain
-31 enemy aircrafts destroyed
-possibly damaged or destroyed 43 more
-in total 6 planes and 3 pilots lost
One of the most successful RAF units was the 242 squadron it was made almost entirely out of Canadians
By Maria Denk, Judy Liu, Jason Cha
and Dhruv Gupte
The Battle of Britain
September 1939 - May 1940
May 10 1940: Winston Churchil becomes Prime Minister
British Royal Air Force (RAF)
July 1940: planning invasion
Operation Sea lion:wants air supremacy
Also wants full control of British Channel
May 10 1940: Winston Churchill becomes Prime Minister
During the Battle of Britain the Canadians assisted the Britain by joining the RAF.
When the Germans destroyed British airbases and factories making planes, Canada played a large role.
-losses of Canadians pilots were high
- 16 of the first 25 men sent into the air perished
- Canadians fought in the Luftwaffe's last major daylight attack
-September 27 1940: the 303 squadron and the 1 squadron RCAF attacked a wave of german bombers
-8 enemy planes were destroyed and 7 were damaged
July - August 1940
Germany bombs British towns, cities, and British coastal airfields
Daylight raids begin early July
August 24: London accidentally bombed
August 25-28: Berlin raided by the RAF
August - September 1940
Germany attacks RAF fighter command
September 15: known as Battle of Britain Day
September 17: Hitler postpones the invasion of Britain
October 29: 5 planned raids
October 31: Final day of the Battle of Britain
tactics & strategies
When and Where?
Canada had training grounds and factories out of the reach of German hands which then supplied and aided the British.
August 26 1940: No.1 Fighter Air Squadron was 1st RCAF unit to engage with the Luftwaffe
-at the end 85 Canadians fought and 22 of them perished
-the Germans suffered a great loss of aircraft during the battle of Britain
- because of the losses Operation Sealion ceased on October 31st 1940
-May 1940 Germany overran Belgium, Netherlands, northern France with Blitzkrieg
-By doing this Hitler surrounded Britain, making it easier for him to attack it
2 mounted on wings,
2 mounted on fuselage
- Britain stood alone against Germany
- Hitler had his attention towards the British Isles in the summer of 1940
- Hitler directed a force of over 1350 bombers, 1200 fighters of Luftwaffe to bomb and destroy airfields of the RAF
Boulton Paul Defiant
2 seater: 1 pilot, 1 gunner
Hawker Hurricane MkII
most mass produced plane
fitted with skies
4 20mm guns on wings
Although the Germans had carefully planned out their battle, the British RAF had many advantages they did not consider.....
-The RAF had radar, which warned the approach of the german planes
-Royal Observer Corps (ROC) used binoculars to do the same task,1000 ROC posts were by 1940
-The luftwaffe flew long distances, meaning they could only fly for a short amount of time in Britain and quickly return to Germany
-The luftwaffe were not able to reload ammunitions, whereas the RAF was able to
-Due to insufficient flight coverage by the Germans, they were exposed to an open attack from the British
-Bad weather prevented Luftwaffe from raiding daily in August
-The alteration in German raids allowed recovery of losses and exhaustion from working long hours.
- In August, the Luftwaffe started to attack Fighter commands airfields, radar stations, operation rooms of the RAF to cause communication loss
-The Luftwaffe destroyed runways to reduce the likelihood of fighter planes taking off.
fastest plane in RAF
4 20mm cannons
Messerschmitt Bf 109
quick and agile
equivalent to hurricane or spitfire
2 7.9mm guns
Junkers Ju 87 Stuka
used mainly against ships
dive and bomb ships
ineffective against hurricanes and spitfire
-August 23 - September 6, the Luftwaffe began night time bombing raids on cities, major damages made to the RAF
-However, Germans lost approximately double the losses of RAF of 550 to 1000
carried 8 551kg bombs
most damages on infrastructure
complete arc of fire
1st installation of FLIR
2 200 bomb load
susceptible to enemy fire
"Minutes went by. Green fields and roads were now beneath us. I scanned the sky and the horizon for the first glimpse of the Germans. A new vector came through on the R.T. [radio telephone] and we swung round with the sun behind us. Swift on the heels of this I heard Yellow flight leader call through the earphones. I looked quickly toward Yellow's position, and there they were!"