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Kingdom of Mali

World civs project (started 1.29.13)
by

Sasha McClure

on 14 February 2013

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Transcript of Kingdom of Mali

Iron was used to make many useful tools The two most famous kings were Sundiata Keita and Kankan Musa who each ruled for 25 years. By: Sasha & Carlo Kingdom of Mali Map of the Kingdom of Mali Economy Gold, kola nuts, copper, and salt are central to the economy of the Kingdom of Mali. Because the Niger River flows through the kingdom, certain areas are protected from drought. Mali had rich trade. Pieces of salt and metal were used as money enabling more trade. Books were said to bring the most profit of traded items Timeline Established by Mandinka people in 1200 C.E. in the upper areas of the Niger River. 1235- Grew in importance after Sundiata Keita, the founder, resisted against the people who ran the kingdom of Ghana 1300s- Started to become even more powerful after it took control of the salt and gold trade across the Sahara which used to be controlled by the Kingdom of Ghana. 1324- Kankan Musa, a king, had mosques built in the kingdom which became very famous. This led to Timbuktu, a city in the Mali area, becoming a land for commerce, religion, and learning. 1337-1360- King Kankan Musa and his brother Mansa Suleyman both die. After, Timbuktu is raided and burned. Some of the states became independent. 1400s- The Kingdom of Mali survives but is significantly diminished. By the end of the century, the kingdom was reduced to just Malinke, the Kingdom's original city. 1600s- The kingdom was basically non-existent, having broken up into small, independent cities. Daily Life Technology Under Kankan Musa, Timbuktu was a center for learning, luxury, and trade. The empire was very religious. Kankan Musa had many mosques built that were used daily. Boys were raised by their mothers for the first 12 years. At 12 they would learn a trade from their uncles. Trades were considered very important. The empire was centered around children, especially boys. Girls were considered important, as well, but not important enough to get educated or learn a trade. When a girl was 13 or 14 she was ready to get married. Government The Mali empire was a monarchy-- It was ruled by powerful kings. Leather saddles, sword sheathes and other things provided by leather workers Roads created easier modes of transport for trade Because of the size of the empire, it was forced to have a governmental system that was sensitive to the diversity of the population and accepting the culture of the indigenous people. The empire was able to centralize the military and political powers and let the "local kings" rule and stay connected to their religion. Military and armed forces Kankan Musa Sundiata Keita Religion Kankan Musa AND Sundiata Keita were Muslim Pilgrimage to MECCA by Kankan Musa (the Haj branch of Islam) Musa had mosques built in Timbuktu after his pilgrimage Reasons for Success Islam lived alongside traditional beliefs of the empire Reasons for Failure The Mali empire ended up declining for some of the same reasons it succeeded. It began to "outgrow" the strength of its military and government. In 1400, the city of Gao rebelled against the empire. Iron weapons and leather supplies Many educated scholars were in Timbuktu and Gao Diverse government due to size The Tuareg people took over the cities of Walata and Timbuktu in 1431. The Mossi people began to harass the Malians that were overlooking them. By 1550, the Mali empire was no longer considered to be an important political kingdom. The Kingdom of Mali's military Lasting Contributions to World History http://i424.photobucket.com/albums/pp328/thrashing_mad2/wojsko.gif http://library.thinkquest.org/C002739/AfricaSite/LMwestmali.htm http://mali.pwnet.org/history/history_mali_empire.htm http://www.thenagain.info/webchron/africa/Mali.html http://www.dailykos.com/story/2010/12/05/925755/-Ancient-Africa-The-Mali-Empire http://www.thenagain.info/webchron/africa/Mali.html http://mali.pwnet.org/history/history_mali_empire.htm http://www.learner.org/courses/worldhistory/support/reading_11_1.pdf http://library.thinkquest.org/C002739/AfricaSite/LMwestmali.htm http://books.google.com/books?id=eDPHv48HUfIC&pg=PA21&lpg=PA21&dq=mali+empire+everyday+life&source=bl&ots=t8Y0I0PYjZ&sig=zi5cMqu0LvIOO02e1BmQaKbxze0&hl=en&sa=X&ei=vZcOUfvCAYrx0gHEooH4AQ&ved=0CDMQ6AEwAA#v=onepage&q=mali%20empire%20everyday%20life&f=false http://www.fcps.edu/KingsParkES/technology/mali/malipeo.htm http://www.fcps.edu/KingsParkES/technology/mali/malipeo.htm http://www.learner.org/courses/worldhistory/support/reading_11_1.pdf http://www.africaw.com/major-problems-facing-nigeria-today http://www.mvmtravel.com/images/articleimages/719/dimage1278.jpg http://www.felmausa.org/felmausa93.htm http://www.learner.org/courses/worldhistory/support/reading_11_1.pdf http://www.learner.org/courses/worldhistory/support/reading_11_1.pdf http://www.britannica.com/EBchecked/topic/685627/Mali http://library.thinkquest.org/C002739/AfricaSite/LMwestmali.htm http://www.fcps.edu/KingsParkES/technology/mali/malipeo.htm Geographical advantages Precious metals http://library.thinkquest.org/C002739/AfricaSite/LMwestmali.htm http://www.fcps.edu/KingsParkES/technology/mali/malipeo.htm http://www.fcps.edu/KingsParkES/technology/mali/malipeo.htm The Mali Empire was always known as a center for knowledge, and that tradition has continued up to today. The current Malians are very protective of their books that still exist from hundreds of years ago. Many of the items that the Mali Empire received in trade still make up a significant portion of Mali's valuable resources. The Mali Empire's most known and long lasting contribution to the world is its books that were written and copied there beginning during the 14th century. Libraries sustained ancient tradition by being preserved by families
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