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Progressive Era

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Lauren Foehr

on 14 February 2011

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Transcript of Progressive Era

Lecture: The Progressive Era "Progressives": formed around 1910, it was a movement of people who demanded change in current social and political life. Main isssue in politics: what should the relationship between the state and corporations be? Progressives were 'forward looking' businessmen and women. They strove for control, efficiency, and greater regulation March 25, 1911: Triangle Shirtwaist Company Fire, NYC Impact: Highlighted the social problems occurring and had a huge effect on the public's consciousness. Toll: 46 bodies in the street, over a hundred inside. Part of the Progressive Movement: New Feminism Women demanded a greater sense of liberty and suffrage (voting) Jane Addams: prime example of the 'new woman' 1889: Established Hull House in Chicago Hull House: a settlement house for poor immigrants. Had playgrounds, health clinics, and safehouses for domestic abuse victims. 1908: Supreme Court case Muller v. Oregon Louis Brandeis argues that women have less strength than man and cannot work long hours. He states that the government should take action since women bear children. Led to a maximum amount of work hours being set for women nationwide. Was this ruling a benefit to the movement or a step backwards? Progressive idea: 'economic citizenship' Concept of "universal economic entitlements," such as a decent income, and unemployment protection Progressive Presidents: Theodore Roosevelt, William Taft, and Woodrow Wilson Theodore Roosevelt 1901: Becomes President after McKinley is assassinated at the age of 42. Sought to be "the steward of public welfare" domestically His domestic policy became known as the 'Square Deal.' He tried to distinguish between 'good' and 'bad' corporations. Good: those that served the public interest
Bad: those that were purely greedy TR prosecuted, or broke up, the corporations he felt were 'bad' under the Sherman Anti-Trust Act. Conservation: felt it was his job to protect nature from economic exploitation. He made it a federal policy. This was part of the Progressive philosophy: preserving the public good. Established national parks in Yosemite and Yellowstone Progressive Foreign Policy: Era of Intervention 1823: The Monroe Doctrine- established the U.S. as the 'overseerer' of the Western hemisphere
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