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surrealism& negrophilia during the 1920's & 1930's

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alexandra mitchell

on 18 October 2013

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Transcript of surrealism& negrophilia during the 1920's & 1930's

Surrealism& Negrophilia
during the 1920's & 1930's
The word Negrophilia is derived from the French negrophilie which literally means "love of the negro"
a term that avant-garde artists used amongst themselves to describe their passion for black culture.
was a craze in 1920's Paris when to collect African art objects (l'arte negre), to listen to jazz music and to dance to popular black culture dances such as the Charleston, the Lindy Hop or the Black Bottom was a sign of being fashionable.
Surrealism is a cultural movement that began in the early 1920s, and is best known for its visual artworks and writings. The aim was to "resolve the previously contradictory conditions of dream and reality." Artists painted unnerving, illogical scenes with photographic precision, created strange creatures from everyday objects and developed painting techniques that allowed the unconscious to express itself
the term 'surrealisme' was coined by the French poet Guillaume Apollinaire (1880-1918). It was a style in literature before it came to use in the visual arts.
Palmer Hayden: Nous Quatre a Paris, 1935 watercolour on paper
some well known individuals who were greatly influenced by african and african american culture and art were:
Aime Cesaire
Max Ernst, The Elephant Celebes (1921), Tate, London
Surrealist works feature the element of surprise and unexpected juxtapositions however, many Surrealist artists and writers regard their work as an expression of the philosophical movement first and foremost, with the works being an artifact. Leader André Breton was explicit in his assertion that Surrealism was above all a revolutionary movement.
Surrealism developed out of the Dada activities during World War I and the most important center of the movement was Paris. From the 1920s onward, the movement spread around the globe, eventually affecting the visual arts, literature, film, and music of many countries and languages, as well as political thought and practice, philosophy, and social theory.
mean while in America..
-the Roaring 20's
-jazz is in
-social injustice amongst blacks is still at an all time high
-huge population of immigrants arriving
-the Harlem Renaissance has blossomed
-WWI has ended
-New Negro Movement
-a new America is developing
-politics as usual
fed up black artist migrate west to.....
In the years after the First World War, large numbers of African Americans emigrated to the cities of Europe in search of work and improved social conditions.
Unofficial figures indicate that up to 50,000 free blacks emigrated to Paris from Louisiana in the decades after Napoleon sold the territory to the United States in 1803.
Paris saw the beginnings of an African-American community in the aftermath of World War I when about 200,000 were brought over to fight.

Ninety per cent of these soldiers were from the American South. Many black GIs decided to stay in France after having been well received by the French, and others followed them.

France was viewed by many African Americans as a welcome change from the widespread racism in the United States.

It was during this time that jazz was introduced to the French and black culture was born in Paris. African American musicians, artists, and Harlem Renaissance writers found 1920s Paris ready to embrace them with open arms.
[poet] Guillaume Apollinare
[artist] Tzara
Man Ray
Paul Colin
[surrealists] George Bataille
Michael Leiris
[political activist] Nancy Cunard
tzara painted by lajos tihany
man ray
surrealist photography influenced by African Culture by man ray
art by Paul Colin
Made famous in 1925 by his poster for the Revue Nègre, which helped to launch the career of Josephine Baker (who became his mistress), he worked for over forty years in the theatre, creating not only posters but also numerous sets and costumes.
g. bataille
Julien Michel Leiris was a French surrealist writer and ethnographer.
nancy cunard
Pablo Picasso Les Demoiselles dAvignon 1907
three musicains, 1921
Charlie Parker
Lois Mailou Jones
Richard Wright
Stoney Bechet
James Baldwin
Miles Davis
Josephine Baker
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