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PHOTOGRAPHY FOR BEGINNERS

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Tina Inserra

on 21 December 2015

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Transcript of PHOTOGRAPHY FOR BEGINNERS

Think About Composition
Line
One of the most fundamental of the art elements.

Lines can be physically represented in artwork or can be visual references to space.

For example: Line can be a real line on a road or implied by birds flying in a 'V' formation.
Getting to know your camera
Part Two: Elements
and Principles of Design in photography
Composition refers to the arrangement
and relationship to the different parts
that make up the whole image.

In relation to the
Elements of Art
,
composition is referring to compostion's
individual parts.

And in relation to the
Principles of Design
compostion is about organising ideas.



PHOTOGRAPHY
ACTIVITY #1
Cut out the images of the DSLR camera on the worksheet and paste into your visual diary.

Neatly label each of the major components on the camera.

Use the camera, the handouts or the instruction manual for this camera model to help you. (You can download one from the net)
Part One: Getting to know your Camera.
Cartier-Bresson
SHAPE and FORM
A shape is created when a line meets itself - 2 dimensional or flat.

Shapes can be organic or geometric.

A form is similar to shape but it has volume - height, width and depth - is three dimensional.
COLOUR
Hue
: The name of a colour

Saturation:
The intensity or purity of a colour.

Value:
The lightness or darkness of a colour.

In photography value is created by the amount of light and the range of tones or light and dark areas in an image.
VALUE
The quality of light and dark, both in terms of colour and shades of grey in an image.

Light and Dark values give you visual clues about the shapes and forms of objects


Texture
What is the photographer emphasising visually in this photograph?
How does the artist emphasis this/these features visually?
Is there an underlying rhythm, pattern or geometric structure to the composition?

Youtube APERTURE Tutorial
Youtube SHUTTER SPEED Tutorial
Man Ray
Appealing to the sense of touch
In photography a sense of texture can
make a photograph look more realistic
or take form, enhancing 3D effects

SPACE
Space is the two-dimensional arrangement
of objects in a photograph.

Space also refers to the three-dimensional illusion of depth in an image.

The illusion of form or a three dimensional space can be created when an artist arranges the art elements in a particular way in an artwork in a two dimensional image.

However, not all two dimensional images have the illusion of 3D space; For example, Abstract images

Affects the composition of an artwork and the
combinations of the different elements in the artwork. Balance can be referring Symmetrical or Asymmetrical.

The appearance of equal visual weight within a composition.

Asymmetrical – still looks balanced but objects are not centred in the frame (Rule of thirds).

Radial – circular style composition, all objects radiate from a central point

BALANCE
REPETITION, MOVEMENT & RHYTHM
Repetition of elements helps to create a sense of rhythm or movement in a photograph.

In a photograph, movement is real or implied motion (think action photography)

Movement can also refer to how a viewer’s eye travels through a picture

Rhythm can be created by the organised repetition of art element of objects.


Eadweard Muybridge
FOCAL POINT
Is the main area of interest in an artwork. The artist will arrange or use certain elements to draw attention of the viewer to an area of the artwork.

Artists can create focal points using certain techniques including the contrast within a particular element, the size and placement of certain elements and through the use of lines and rhythm to draw out attention to that particular element.
What elements have been used
to create a focal point in this photograph?

Describe the contrast of elements that have been used to create a focal point in this photograph?

Where have certain elements been placed to create of focal point in the artwork?

ACTIVITY #2
Alphabet PHOTOGRAPY
Look very closely and find parts objects of furniture - exterior/interior of buildings that can represent the letters of your first name.

*You are not allowed to write them.
*You are not allowed to construct any of them using multiple objects.

If the objects are small set the camera on the macro setting. Photograph the complete set this lesson.
RULE OF THIRDS
The rule of thirds is based on the fact that
the human eye is naturally drawn to a point about two-thirds up a page. You can frame your photograph so that the main subjects are located around one of the intersection points. If you didn't shoot it this way to start with you can always crop later to apply this.

Imagine that your image is divided into 9 equal segments by 2 vertical and 2 horizontal lines. The rule of thirds says that you should position the most important elements in your scene along these lines, or at the points where they intersect.
Doing so will add balance and interest to your photo. Some cameras even offer an option to superimpose a rule of thirds grid over the LCD screen, making it even easier to use.

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