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Hamlet

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by

Brad Hurst

on 23 July 2015

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Transcript of Hamlet

In the Castle hall, Hamlet is instructing the actors how he wants them to act.
Hamlet to First Player: Line14-16 "Be not too tame neither, but let your own discretion be your tutr: suit the action to the word, the word to the action; with this special observance, that you o'erstep not the modesty of nature..."
Act 3 Scene III
After the play has been put on by the traveling actors, King Claudius is frightened by the mad behavior Hamlet has been portraying lately. Worried that Hamlet is dangerous, Claudius sends for Rosencrantz and Guildenstern to set up a plan to send Hamlet to England. After the men plot on how they will carry out their plan, the King is left alone. While the king is alone he takes a minute to confess and vent of his sin in a prayer. In this prayer the King confesses to killing his own brother, former King Hamlet. Hamlet enters the room with intentions on killing Claudius for revenge. As he hears Claudius pray, he reconsiders his plan and Claudius lives. “ Now might I do it pat (conveniently), now he is praying and how I’ll do’t: and so he goes to heaven, and so I am revenged.” Lines 74-76 Page 2683
Hamlet enters talking to himself about suicide.
"And by opposing end them to die; to sleep; no more; and by sleep to say we end. (Line 60.)
King and Polonious hide before Hamlet enters the room
Ophelia approaches and tell Hamlet what Polonious had instructed. Return tokens of love
Hamlet gets angry and begins speaking of how awful women are and how they are the ones who make men act like monsters
King and Polonius emerge from behind the tapestry.
King says that his strange behavior is from "Was not like madness. There's something in his soul..." (Line 158)
The Queen wants to speak to the King alone. After her confrontation with Hamlet. She informs the King that Hamlet has killed Polonius. She describes Hamlet to be as "mad as the sea and wind"(line 6). The King begins to ponder and wonder upon how he can handle this tragedy as a public crisis. He tells the Queen that they are going to ship Hamlet off because of his vile deed.. He states, "But we will ship him hence: and this vile deed we must, with all our majesty and skill, both countenance and excuse." (lines 29-31) The King then calls Rosencratz and Guildenstern back and informs them that Hamlet killed Polonius. He demands the two to go out and track down Hamlet.
This scene is set in the Queen’s closet. The Queen calls Hamlet into her room to interrogate him about his behavior. Meanwhile Polonius is hiding behind the arras (curtain) to eavesdrop on their conversation, in hopes of letting the King know why Hamlet is acting so strange. As Hamlet and his mom engages into conversation, Hamlet tells his mom that it was wrong for her to marry her husband’s brother; he says she is a sinner and should be ashamed of the turmoil she has caused. Threatened and belittled, Gertrude cries out for help. When Polonius hears the Queen he screams for help as well. Hamlet pulls out his sword and strikes through the curtain to kill who he thinks is the king. “How now! a rat? Dead, for a ducat, dead!” Line 23 Page 2685
In scene I, the King sent Rosencrantz and Guildenstern on the quest to find Hamlet. They come across Hamlet, immediately questioning him. They ask Hamlet where has he disposed of the body. "What have you done, my lord, with the dead body?" (line 5) Hamlet did not give Rosencrantz and Guildenstern a definite answer. He then begins to refer Rosencrantz as a sponge for the King. "Aye, sir; that soaks up the king's countenance, his rewards, his authorities. But such officers do the king best service in the end: he keeps them, like an ape, in the corner of his jaw; first mouthed, to be last swallowed: when he needs what you have gleaned, it is but squeezing you, and sponge, you shall be dry again." (lines 15-19) In a humerous matter, Hamlet says to the two, " the body is with the King, but the King is not with the body." (line 24) Finallly, Hamlet allows Rosencrantz and Guildenstern to escort him to the King.
Video
Hamlet
By: William Shakespeare
Act III - Act IV

Review Questions
How does Claudius confess the killing of King Hamlet?
a. He told the Queen
b. In a prayer
c. In a letter
d. By calling a mass meeting

Who did the King send to find Hamlet?
a. Attendants
b. Rosencrantz and Guildenstern
c. Polonius
d. Ophelia

Where was Polonius when Hamlet stabbed him?
a. Because he killed his father
b. He wants to be King
c. The King slept with Ophelia
d. All of the above
Act 4 Scene I
Act 4 Scene II
Act III Scene IV
Act 4 Scene III
Rosencrantz and Guildenstern return back to the castle with Hamlet. The King begins to question Hamlet the location of the body. Pressured by the King, Hamlet becomes coy and clever. He makes smart remarks that Polonius has been eaten by worms to the King. Basically, still ignoring his request of knowing the location of Polonius's body. He says, "not where he eats, but where he is eaten: a certain convocation of public worms are e'en at him." (lines 20-21) Another smart remark of Hamlet is that he tells the King to he send a messenger to find Polonius in heaven or seek him in hell himself. Finally, Hamlet reveals to the King where Polonius's body is, " but indeed, if you find him not within this month, you shall nose him as you go up the stairs int into the lobby." (lines 33-34) The King send the attendants of the castle to seek the body. He then informs Hamlet that he is sending him to England. Surprisingly, Hamlet agrees and he is ready to leave for England. "My mother:father and mother is man and wife; man and wife is one flesh, and so, my mother. Come, for England!" (lines 49-50)
Act Three
ACt Four
Act 3 Scene I
Act 3 Scene II
Act 4 Scene IV
Hamlet from a History Standpoint
Hamlet's self-conscious dilemma and the opaque machinations of his uncle's court is shown to cast doubt on dynastic ruling of its time.
The individual stories within Hamlet show a societal breakdown of the late middle ages.
Instead of seeing support of the throne, in Hamlet the two most promising courtiers contemplate about leaving.
These things show the untrustworthy spirit people had of the King and Queen rule in the Late Middle Ages.
During this scene Hamlet is being shipped to England and sees Norway going to war with Poland over a small piece of land. He decides that if a king can send 20,000 men to war for a small piece of land. Line 53-56 "Rightly be great is not to stir without great argument, but greatly to find quarrel in a straw when honor's at the stake."
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