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Transcript of Elder Abuse
By: Rosalba Torres
The American Bar Association and the National Center on Elder Abuse both refer to older adults as aged 60 and above.
Elder Abuse is defined as ....
Intentional actions that cause harm or create a serious risk of harm to a vulnerable elder by a caregiver or other person who stands in a trust relationship to the older adult.
Physical Abuse is inflicting physical pain or injuring, including batter, assault, and inappropriate restraint.
Signs of possible abuse on an elder are:
Bruising or grip marks around the arms or neck
Rope marks or welts on the wrist or ankles
Repeated unexplained injuries
Dismissive attitude or statements about injuries
Refusal to go to same emergency department for repeated injuries.
Unexplained injuries that are not consistent with an explanation are
that should cause an investigator to look deeper into the situation.
Observing behavior helps clarify the situation if abuse is suspected.
Having Fear, agitation, contradictory statements or refusal to talk openly are
Elder Neglect is failure by a caregiver
to satisfy the older adults basic needs or to
protect the older adult from harm.
Adult Protective Services (APS) is the first responder to any allegations of abuse or neglect against an older adult. Their service is to provide to older adults, people with disabilities endangered of being mistreated or neglected or are unable to protect themselves and have no one to assist them. The resolution on any situation depends on the best interest of the older adult.
Emotional or psychological abuse is inflicting mental pain, anguish or distress through verbal or nonverbal acts that constitute to emotional abuse.
Signs of possible emotional and psychological abuse are:
Uncommunicative and unresponsive
Unreasonably fearful or suspicious
Lack of interest in social contacts
Intimidation through yelling or threats
Ignoring the elderly person
Isolating the elder from friends and family or activities
Psychological and emotional abuse are the most difficult to identify. There usually is a lack of evidence to support claims of this abuse. Isolation, name calling, or being treated like a child by the caregiver are recognizable conditions. It is appropriate to contact a caregiver or protection agency when a person is displaying different behaviors.
Possible signs of sexual abuse:
Unexplained vaginal or anal bleeding.
Torn or bloody underwear.
Bruising on inner thighs
Sexually transmitted diseases or infections
Difficulty walking or standing
Pain or Itching in the genital area.
Worsening of existing illness
Reports indicate that older victims are less likely to report sexual abuse than are younger victims. Largely it is unreported because the victims might be confused, feel ashamed or be afraid of repercussions of reporting abuse.
Sexual Abuse is defined as knowingly or recklessly causing or attempting to cause rape involuntary deviate sexual intercourse, sexual assault, statutory sexual assault, aggravated indecent assault, indecent assault or incest on persons 60 years and older.”