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The Science of Harry Potter

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Cyrella Gabriel

on 4 March 2014

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Transcript of The Science of Harry Potter

Newton's Three Laws of Motion - The Wonderful Physics of Quidditch. (n.d.). The Wonderful Physics of Quidditch. Retrieved March 4, 2014, from http://thewonderfulphysicsofquidditch.weebly.com/newtons-three-laws-of-motion.html
The Hogwarts Express
Rough game, Quidditch.
Brutal, but no one's died in years. Someone will vanish occasionally, but they'll turn up in a month or two!

-George and Fred Weasley
By: Angelica Aseoche, Cyrella Gabriel, Jezreel Nala and Deanna Naong
Bio Aspect #3
Physics Aspect # 1
Bio Aspect #1
Bio Aspect #2
Physics Aspect # 2
Cross bred animals are creatures created when two different species come together to make a whole new species. A real life example of this would be a mule (hose and a donkey), and a liger (tiger and lion).
The Hippogriff is an example of a cross bred animal. This legendary animal is a cross between a horse and an eagle. It is said that the Hippogriff was a steed born from a mare and a griffin, thus giving it the name Hippogriff.
meaning horse in latin, and the Italian word
meaning griffin.
The Centaur, which is another cross bred creature, appeared in the Harry Potter series. Also refered to as a Hippocentaur, this creature is a cross between a human and a horse.
Mermaids also made an appearance in the Harry Potter series. Mermaids are known to have an upper body of a human, and a tail of a fish. They are also known to be beautiful with long hair, however in the movie
Harry Potter and the Goblet of Fire
, the mermaids are depicted as ugly creatures that are more fish like.

Some of the plants that can be found in real life such as hawthorn and holly were mentioned in the world of Harry Potter. Although there are some similar plants, since the movies/novels took place in a magical setting, most of the plants had magical features. Some of those features would include being able to grow gills if ingested and instantly healing wounds. The most known magical feature of some of these plants would that they are able to have a mind of it's own. Plants like that would be the Mandrake, which would scream if taken out of the soil; the Venomous Tentacula, which has the ability to grab onto it's living prey, and the Whomping Willow which is able to attack anything that comes within it's range.
In biology, we study different types of ecosystems. The Forbidden Forest is an example of an ecosystem in the movie series: Harry Potter. The plant species within the Forest are trees such as beech, oak, pine, sycamore, yew and knotgrass and thorn undergrowth. Though the Forest is vastly dense and wild, there are still a few paths and clearings and in the movie, this is because of Hagrid whom travels most often into the forest. The Forest is also home to an assortment of creatures. Located on the edges of Hogwarts grounds, this forest has high trees that blocks the sun from reaching the ground. Since the forest does not have that much light, it has become home to many creatures that prefer to live in the dark. Examples of these creatures include: Acromantulas, Thestrals, Unicorns, Centaurs, Werewolves, Grawp and, Hippogriffs. Because of the different creatures living in this ecosystem, this also meant their needs are met by the different elements inside the forest.
Quidditch is the most popular game in the wizarding world. It is the equivalent to Muggles' passion for football (soccer). Though unlike soccer, quidditch is played on broomsticks in mid-air with four different-sized balls. Each team's objective is to get the balls through the opponent's hoops. The team that catches the Golden Snitch and scores the highest wins the game.

Cross Bred Creatures
Colour Changing Ink
Forbidden Forrest
The Science of Harry Potter
Physics Aspect #3
A portkey is an ordinary-looking object that, when touched, transports a person or a group of people to another place in mere seconds. Teleportation is the theoretical transfer of matter or energy from one point to another without traversing the physical space between them and how Harry and the others teleported could only be possible if that object could cause humans to move at or nearly close to the actual speed of light. To get a person moving at that speed, a massive amount of energy would be transferred to the person. It is unknown if a person could even survive the initial force, particularly if the force is applied directly to the body rather than some sort of vehicle. Sometimes, portkeys are also preset to travel their destination at a given time. This port-key is seen in Harry Potter: The Goblet of Fire where a group of Hogwart's students went to a Quidditch game in 1994 and needed to teleport themselves to get there, and in their case, they used this kind of boot as their port key.
Most charms and tricks that you see in Harry Potter is nothing, but a glimpse of chemistry at hand. For example, when Harry saw the ink change colour as he wrote in the book, this was basically just a written message that has been dried off with colour changing ink, and sprayed with developing chemicals.
The general idea is that chemists uses compounds that change in colour because of its pH in solution. Indicators are the inks and developers used to create this "fading effect" . An example of a developing chemical would be ammonia. It is hard for the actual ink to fade, because the elements such as cobalt, nickel, and copper are tightly bonded with the ammonia, as a result, this helps with the effect of a colour change. Ammonia can also react with sodium hydroxide. When the ammonia evaporates, the acid form of the indicator appears, while the sodium hydroxide is readily reacting with carbon dioxide to return to its colourless form.
Wikia. (n.d.). Harry Potter Wiki. Retrieved March 4, 2014, from http://harrypotter.wikia.com/wiki/Portkey

Colour Changing Ink
Wait, mid-air you say? Yes, that's right! The not-so-boring aspect of physics that can be applied in the magical world of Harry Potter is the idea of "anti-gravity". Gravity is the attractive force between objects and the force that keep us from falling off the Earth. It's what keep everything in our solar system in its place. The idea of reducing, canceling or protecting against this effect of gravity is highly interesting.
The Chemical Wizardry of J. K. Rowling. (n.d.). Chemistry For Everyone. Retrieved October 10, 2006, from http://www.scienceoutsidethebox.com/More%20Fun%20With%20Science_files/JCE1006p1479-1483.pdf

Cross Bred Creatures
Magical creatures in Harry Potter. (2014, March 3). Wikipedia. Retrieved March 3, 2014, from http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Magical_creatures_in_Harry_Potter
Mermaid. (2014, February 3). Wikipedia. Retrieved March 4, 2014, from http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Mermaid
Hippogriff. (2014, February 25). Wikipedia. Retrieved March 4, 2014, from http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Hippogriff
Centaur. (2014, February 27). Wikipedia. Retrieved March 4, 2014, from http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Centaur
The Forbidden Forest
Wikia. (n.d.). Harry Potter Wiki. Retrieved March 2, 2014, from http://harrypotter.wikia.com/wiki/Forbidden_Forest

Wikia. (n.d.). Harry Potter Wiki. Retrieved March 4, 2014, from http://harrypotter.wikia.com/wiki/Category:Plants
Wikia. (n.d.). Harry Potter Wiki. Retrieved March 4, 2014, from http://harrypotter.wikia.com/wiki/Venomous_Tentacula
Wikia. (n.d.). Harry Potter Wiki. Retrieved March 4, 2014, from http://harrypotter.wikia.com/wiki/Whomping_Willow
Wikia. (n.d.). Harry Potter Wiki. Retrieved March 4, 2014, from http://harrypotter.wikia.com/wiki/Mandrake
The Hogwarts Express is the name of the train that makes a run between London, King's Cross Station Platform 9¾ and Hogsmeade Station. It carries students to Hogwarts Castle at the start and end of every term. The train leaves Platform 9¾ without fail on 1 September at 11 o'clock in the morning, arriving at Hogsmeade Station in the early evening.The Ministry of Magic used the train as a secure and comfortable alternative to PortKeys .
The Hogwarts express runs exclusively on magic. But It is also a Muggle-built device and therefore, follows some aspects of Physics. The principle of Kinematics can be applies to the Hogwarts Express. Kinematic is the study of motion without looking at the cause of the motion, it answers to the question "how?". From our previous lesson in Physics, we can easily determine (without the use of magic) "how far?" "how fast?" and "how much time?" does it take Harry Potters' crew to travel from Platform 9¾ to the Hogwarts castle.
Hogwarts. (n.d.). Wikipedia. Retrieved March 4, 2014, from http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Hogwarts#Forbidden_Forest

Physics and Harry Potter's magical world. (2007, July 17). The Herald-Mail. Retrieved March 4, 2014, from http://articles.herald-mail.com/2007-07-17/news/25092284_1_quidditch-golden-snitch-harry-potter-books

These cross bred animals are also considered to be a mutation. Mutations can have its advantages and its drawbacks. In this case, the Hippogriff has its advantages with its long deadly talons on the front and hind legs on the back. Having the talons on the front helps to fight enemies, while having the hind legs on the back brings power and speed just like how fast a horse is.
Wikia. (n.d.). Harry Potter Wiki. Retrieved March 3, 2014, from http://harrypotter.wikia.com/wiki/Quidditch
In terms of physics, when the ball is hit by the club, the value of acceleration increases when there is a great amount of force exerted on the ball. Aerodynamics also affects the way ball travels. While it is in air, there is less resistance on the ball which allows the air to move smoothly. Basically, it is less difficult for the ball to accelerate.
The Hogwarts Express leaves King's Cross Station (London, England) at 11 AM, heads north and travel until it is almost dark. The train travels 600 miles and stops at Hogsmeade Station (Scotland) at 8 PM. What is the speed of Hogwarts Express?
The Hogwarts Express travelled 66.7 km/h.
Newton's Three Laws of Motion
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