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The Elements Of Dance

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by

Jenny Burnett

on 22 October 2014

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Transcript of The Elements Of Dance

The Elements Of Dance
Body
Action
Space
Time
Energy
B.
A.
S.
T.
E

Dance is created in and through the human body.
The body is the dancer's
figure
or
shape
that can be seen or felt during a dance
In dance, the body can be
still
,
move in place
, or
travel
around the dance area
Some body parts used when dancing include:
HEAD (eyes and face)
SHOULDERS
NECK
ARMS
TORSO
HANDS/FINGERS
LEGS
FEET/TOES
CAN YOU
THINK OF
OTHERS?
Some
Body Systems
are also used when dancing
muscles
bones
organs
breath
balance
reflexes
Some body shapes dancers use:

Symmetrical/
Asymmetrical
Rounded
Twisted
Angular
Arabesque
Dancers also use their inner bodies when dancing
Can you think how dancers use their
senses
,
perceptions
,
emotions
,
thoughts
,
imaginations
,
and
identity

when dancing?
Action is any human movement, which also includes dancing
Dance is made up of movement and pauses
2 Ways to
describe action:
Locomotor
Non-locomotor
Locomotor: Actions of the dancers when they travel around the dance area
Examples: slide walk, hop, somersault, run, skip, jump, leap, crawl, gallop
Non-locomotor: Actions of the dancer when standing still
Examples: stretch, bend, twist, turn, rise, fall, rock, tip
Can you think of other actions dancers can make when traveling or standing still?
Space
Dancers interact with space in many ways.
Ways to describe space :
Size
: Large, small, narrow, wide
Level
: High, medium, low
Place
: Personal space,
general space
Direction
: Forward/backward,
sideways, right/left
Orientation
: Facing
Pathway
: Curved/straight, zig-zag
Relationships
: In front, behind, over, under, near/far
Body
Time
Timing is important so dancers are where they are supposed to be when they are supposed to be there
Dancers time their movements by using:
Clock time
: Dance based on
seconds,
minutes, and
hours

Sensed time
: Dancers
pick up timing cues
from other dancers
Event Sequence
: Internal
and external events signal
when the dancer
makes changes
ACTION
Energy
Energy is how dancers use force, tension, and weight to make their movements happen.
All dancers use energy. Some forms of energy include:
sharp
sudden
free
flowing
balanced
loose
smooth
tight
Can you show how dancers use any of those forms of energy?
Check out how the dancers in this video incorporate all THE ELEMENTS OF DANCE: Body, Action, Space, Time, Energy
They may stay in one place,
move part of their body,
move their whole body,
or travel through the dance area.
Resources:
opd.mpls.k12.mn.us/the_elements_of_dance

www.elementsofdance.org
Graphics by Jenny Burnett
www.youtube.com/watch?v=YKrcIk3XKGM
Full transcript