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600-1450; Social and Political Structures around the World
Transcript of 600-1450; Social and Political Structures around the World
Political and Social POLITICAL FEUDALISM
Following the Fall of the Roman Empire ... In the West .... Political power was lessened; Power to the Church! The Islamic Empire Theocracy! The collapse of classical empires led to decentralization of government in China as well as in Europe, following the time period of 600 C.E.The collapse of the Han dynasty in China opened the door to the spread of Buddhism into China, since the Confucian authority was no longer centralized.In the Western Roman Empire,the fall of the West left a power vacuum that set the stage for the rise of smaller regional kingdoms. Who should be Mohhamad's succesor? The Tang Dynasty (618-907 C.E.) was one of the first
dynasty to rule China. After the death of Mohammed in mid 600 A.D., Islam was spread through world regions including Africa, India, Asia, and Europe. The caliphates that ruled after Mohhamad were Abu Bakr, Umar, Uthman, and Ali. After Ali's asssasination and Hasan's relinquish, the Ummayad dynasty was formed. The Sui dynasty (581-618 C.E.) was short lived, but nevertheless played a big role.
They reestablished centralized rule, began construction of the Grand Canal, and set the stage for the post-classical Tang Dynasty. Soon the Ummayad dynasty okay?
Islamic Empires were constantly struggling and in wars because of disagreement between the Sunni and the Shia. This guy had authority over all the land in his "kingdom." "The noblemen granted military service and loyalty to the King in exchange for rule over parts of land." The vassals recieved shared land from the nobles. (Manors) The peasants worked the land in exchange for protection. Sunni vs. Shiite Hereditary Line or Chosen by the people ? But then .... it became known as a Caliphate. Declined and was Defeated Abbasid dynasty was formed in place! Women Status Were now considered as equals, in the eyes of Allah. ---Man's world--- Still Patriachy
Protected & Respected Struggles and Civil Wars.
No threats to Islam but
Destabilized central authority in capital. Malmuks revolted Capital in Central Iraq. Internal Problems & External Enemies !
The Abbasid Dynasty would not be defeated until 1258, by the Mongols. =) Eastern Byzantine Empire (Orthodox Christianity)
Western Roman Empire
Political Emperors controlled politics and the church in the East.
The Roman Empire fell with the "help" of invasions of Germanic tribes that moved in after it's fall :)
Most tribes became Christians quickly but retained political differences...
Result? - war + alliances .. KINGDOMS. Franks VS The Muslims Battle of Tours ! 732, Led by Charles Martel and were victorious :D Caroligian Dynasty
Pepin; chose to have succesor chosen by church * Charlemagne.
-no "real" empire existed until.. the Holy Roman Empire. But "he failed to build a stong and united empire."
After his death & his sons' the Empire was split in Thirds; Treaty of Verdun, 843.
Patterns of Raiding and then joining the civilization due to common religion.
Middle of the Middle Ages ... the Catholic Church was the most powerful in western Europe. In order for feudalism to work, everyone had to give a little to get a little. Code of Chivalry:
honor system which strongly punished betrayal and promoted mutual respect. Male- Dominance. Peasants had fewer rights
--Tied to the Land-- Extremely skilled workers + European world trade resulted in more $$ for crafts people. The Middle Class :
Merchants and Craftsmen Vladimir
Development of Russia was affected by the dominance of Christian Orthodoxy.
Not involved in the reform because although they were aligned with the Byzantine church, they didn't share traditions. Trading In towns, the middle class "became politically powerful." Towns began forming alliances; Hanseatic League.
Effect: "Increase social mobility & flexibility in classes" ..Crusades.. Heresies People began to question organized religion
Scholasticism-- Aristotle Pope Gregory IX
The Inquisition The Bubonic Plague
Killed 35 million; through trade!
Silk Road- China Feudal Hierarchies Individual Freedoms
Loss in Faith
Religious Hate Nation-states
Magna Carta--- feudal rights of nobles.. rule of law to middle class.
House of Lords House of Commons Knights
legal issues/advice to King Wealthy middle class
Trade issues and Taxes Joan of Arc & Hundreds Year War
Queen Isabella - Castille To Fix it! Ferdinand
Monarchy Religious Toleration Beginning of Spanish
Inquisition Castille was an
Kingdom Peasants divided
by religion. Division of Power Noblewomen were seen as property and admired for "feminity and beauty." The Middle Ages VIKINGS The Golden Ages of China!!!!
:D Starting in 960 and ending in 1279, the Song Dynasty consisted of the Northern Song Dynasty, which lasted from 960A.D. till 1279, and the Southern Song Dynasty (1127-1279). With a prosperous economy and radiant culture, the Song Dynasty was considered as another period of "golden age" after the glorious Tang Dynasty (618 - 907). Acording to the Chinese history record, theTang Dynasty was the most prosperous historic period in China's history. Founded in 618 and ending in 907, China, under the ruling of the Tang Dynasty, became the most powerful and prosperous country in the world. Particularly, in this glorious period, the economy, politics, culture and military strength reached an unparalleled advanced level. Many, many generations later, there came much improvment to the Social structure of China, which helped the become one of the largest growing civilizations known to man kind. THE END!!(: