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Early American Colonies

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Alexandra Ross

on 5 October 2015

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Transcript of Early American Colonies

Early American Colonies
Pilgrims at Plymouth Colony
William Penn & Pennsylvania
November, 1620
May 4, 1607
Sir Walter Raliegh
Powhatan Relations
Individual investor in Roanoke
John Rolfe marries Pocahontas

Captain John Smith
Reasons for Jamestown's hardships:
*unwillingness to work
*lack of survival skills
*Poor Indian relations
*absence of family unit
*Search for gold
"dig gold, wash gold, refine gold, load gold"
Takes over the colony
New England Colonies
Middle Colonies
Introduction of Tobacco
House of Burgesses
"The Starving Time"

*ONly 60 from the original 404 survived
*life expectancy was 40 years
*Child death rate was 80%

In 1610- 10,000 new colonists arrived but by 1624 only 1,200 remained.
Indentured servants began to arrive
1619- first slaves arrive
1st representative assembly
Virginia Company ended monopoly on land ownership and allowed settlers to own their own land.
Massachusetts, Connecticut, Rhode Island, New Hampshire
New York, Pennsylvania, New Jersey, Delaware
Southern Colonies
North Carolina, South Carolina ,Georgia
Who were the Pilgrims?
Separatists vs. Puritans
1614- first profitable harvest
Jamestown in the 1620s
Indian Massacre of 1622
Named Royal Colony in 1624
In March over 300 settlers were killed
Virginia was under the direct control of the King
Mass. Bay Colony
Est. 1628- 6 years after the Pilgrims
20,000 English settlers arrived in the Mass. Bay Colony in the 1630s
Most of them were Puritans
An economically successful colony
Pequot War- 1638
As an enemy tribe of the Pequot aligns with the English, the Pequot kill some settlers.

In retaliation, the English attack the Pequot and kill over 500 and imprison and enslave hundreds more.
The Creation of Rhode Island
Roger Williams
1636- in search of religious freedom the city of Providence is established.
Anne Hutchinson
Both were excommunicated from Mass.
Active in the church and in the settlement of Rhode Island
1682- Founded Philadelphia
New York
Thought they could "purify" the church of England
Upper middle class
Settled Salem and Boston
John Winthrop
Wanted to separate and start their own church
Settled Plymouth
Too much Catholicism remained
People need to behave saintly in public
William Bradford
Wanted to reform the Church
Both are Christians-protestants
Mayflower Compact
First governing document
Nov. 11, 1620
Represented by an assortment of religions
Quakers, Lutherans, Mennonites, etc.
The most diverse of the colonies
French, Dutch, Germans, Scot-Irish, etc.
Included fertile land and large distribution center (Philadelphia and New York City)
Huge growth due to lumber products and ship building
He was a Quaker, real estate investor, and entrepreneur
Sought to create a place based on religious freedom and democracy
What is a Quaker? Religious Society of Friends
Originally called New Netherlands
NYC- New Amsterdam
After several naval wars between England and the Dutch, the Dutch surrendered their land.
Chesapeake Bay Colonies
Maryland and Virginia
Gave way to the plantation- highly agricultural
Few urban areas
Relied on indentured servants and slaves- low population
Founded by Lord Baltimore
Created on basis of religious freedom
Many natural resources and fertile soil
Named after the King's wife
A Model of Christian Charity
John Winthrop
What are the goals for the colony?
What does "city upon a hill" mean?
How has this idea continued through U.S. history and around the world?
Has America lived up to this?
Maryland: 1633
Virginia: 1607
Plantations- cash crops
tobacco, cotton, indigo, etc.
This would require a large labor force of slaves and indentured servants
The southern colonies would not attract families and disease keeps populations and life expectancies lower than in New England
Georgia was established as a buffer zone with the Spanish in Florida
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