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Important Dates in Mexico History
Transcript of Important Dates in Mexico History
Important Dates in
Conquest of the
The Aztec Empire experienced 8 evil omens a decade before the Spaniards arrived.
In 1519, Hernan Cortes led 500 men and 16 horses into this foreign land.
During this time, Cortes made alliances with several tribes.
The Spanish then captured and killed King Montezuma.
The Spanish, along with the Tlaxcalans, fought a 3 month battle against the Aztecs.
Disease and water deprivation defeated the Aztec empire in 1520 and Cortes built Mexico City.
In 1810, Mexicans revolted against 300 years under harsh Spanish rule.
A priest name Miguel Hidalgo (Father of Mexico) started the revolt by giving his legendary "Cry of Dolores" speech on September 16, 1810.
This speech was attended by 90,000 poor Mexicans.
Father Hidalgo was executed by the Spanish one year after the war began.
After 11 years, Spain officially accepted Mexico's independence.
Mexico's first president was elected in 1823.
The official anthem was chosen on Feb 9, 1854.
It was first performed on September 16, 1854 for the Independence Day Festival.
Its lyrics were written by Francisco Gonzales and melody by Jamie Roca.
of Puebla (5 de
Cinco de Mayo celebrates a victory won by the Mexican army over the French in the Battle of Puebla.
It was a surprising victory because the French at the time were a very powerful army with skilled soldiers.
The Mexican general Ignacio Zaragoza lead 5,000 untrained soldiers to fight against 6,000 experienced, powerful soldiers.
5 de Mayo
The Mexican flag was originally the same flag as Italy's; but the Mexicans wanted to be distinguished between the two. Therefore, the Mexicans adopted the code of arms which was an eagle with a snake in its mouth standing on a cactus on top of a rock in water. The flag's 3 colors are: green, white, and red. The colors represent different meanings:
Red: The Blood of National Heroes
5 de Mayo
September 16th celebrates Mexico's Independence from Spain.
In Mexico, Mexicans celebrate the Mexican Independence Day with parades, fireworks, and many more.
May 5th celebrates Mexico's victory during the Battle of Puebla.
It is commonly confused with Mexico's Independence day.
Although it is mostly celebrated in America, students in Mexico usually have a day off of school.