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10 Modern Art Movements 1900-1945
Transcript of 10 Modern Art Movements 1900-1945
Originated in France in the early 20th century. Paintings are characterized by the use of bright colors, strong contrasts, and lack of interest in the natural world.
Henri Matisse, "The Joy of Life," 1905-06 Expressionism:
Moverment characterized for the interest in depicting emotion rather than objective reality. It gained great popularity especially in Germany.
Vasily Kandinsky. "Improvisation No. 30" (Cannons) 1913
Art movement started by Picasso and Georges Braque, it is characterized for the fragmentation of the figures, abstraction, sharp angles, and shallow space.
Pablo Picasso, "Les Demoiselled d'Avignon," 1907 Surrealism Futurism:
Movement that began in Italy before WWI. Artists valued innovation and categorically rejected the art of the past. They embraced technology and found beauty in the phenomenon of speed and the automobile.
Umberto Boccioni. "Unique Forms of Continuity in Space," 1913 Surrealism:
Literary and artistic movement. Emerged in France in the 1030s. Artists were interested in the exploration of the unconscious mind, dreams, free association, automatism, and hypnotic trances.
"The Persistence of Memory," 1931 Dada:
Began in Switzerland. Artists rejected the corrupt values of the bourgeois culture, which they blamed for the war. They in turn celebrated spontaneity, chance and irrational combinations.
Marcel Duchamp, "Fountain," 1917 Suprematism:
Originated in Russia. Suprematist artists were interested in abstract forms, its members proposed that the supremacy of pure feeling in art is motivated by a pure feeling for form, which is key to liberate the essential beauty of all great art.
Kazimir Malevich. "Suprematist Painting"
(Eitht Red Rectangles), 1915 Realism:
A movement that gained momentum in New York at the turn of the century. Artists sought to depict the reality of their experiences and modern life in the city.
John Sloan, "McSorley’s Bar," 1912.
Cultural and artistic movement that was centered but expanded beyond Harlem in the 1920s, 1930s and later. Harlem Renaissance artists sought to articulate a distinct African American experience.
Jacob Lawrence. "During the World War There Was a Great Migration North by Southern Negroes," panel I from The Migration of the Negro. 1940-41
A movement started by Mexican artists in the 1930s, it shows the combination of indigenous themes and traditions with modernist and Renaissance techniques of mural painting. It is often characterized for its political, socialist subject matter.
Diego Rivera, "Man, Controler of the Universe," 1934