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Policies & Programs for Children & Youth with Disabilities

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Emily McDonald

on 13 November 2014

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Transcript of Policies & Programs for Children & Youth with Disabilities

Policies & Programs for Children & Youth with Disabilities
Individuals with Disabilities Education Act
A law that ensures and governs the way state and public agencies provide services to those with disabilities
founded in 1975 first as the Education for All Handicapped Children Act, Later revised as IDEA
It targets all ages of peoples with handicaps, starting at birth
Vision Statement: "We envision a society in which every individual posses the academic, social, and emotional skills needed to succeed in school, at work, and in life."
Mosaic in Lubbock:
Mosaic provides a life of possibilities through supports which are tailored to each person's needs and desires.
Home and Community Based Services
Residential Services
Foster Care
Respite Services
Supported Home Living Services
Private Pay Services
State Policies
Overall there are about 30 extra policies that the state of Texas requires for those with disabilities:
Eligibility criteria
The Admission, Review, and Dismissal(ARD) Committee
Procedures for use of restraint and time-out
Content of the IEP
Extended school year services (ESY services)
Graduation Requirements
Allowable expenditures of State Special Education Funds
A person who has a physical or mental impairment that substantially limits one or more major life activities, a person who has a history or a record of such impairment, or a person who is perceived by others as having such an impairment.
Federal Policies
Local Policies
All students with disabilities living within the school district shall be identified and evaluated in regards to their needs to special education.
An assessment is created through the Local Educational Agency (LEA)
Assessment based on:
Meets requirements
Needs assistance
Needs intervention
Needs substantial intervention

Disability Rights Texas - Susan Murphree
What is a disability?
Highpoint Village
Georgia Macik
Veronica Gonzales
How was being a parent different?
How was his schooling different?
What policies have you dealt with?
What advice do you have for other parents?
How could the government have helped you?
What does the organization do? Why does it exist and how long has it existed?
How does the organization solicit public participation in its activities?
Does the organization have a board of directors?
What is the approximate budget? What are the sources of funding?

How does the organization monitor its activities?
Does it have any formal evaluation process?
Does the organization rely on TA from other organizations?
What are the major challenges the organization is facing right now?
Does the organization interact with the local government in awy way?
Highpoint Village
Our of 53.9 million school aged children in the US, 2.8 million are reported to have disabilities.
Children enrolled in school w/ disability 89.4%, children without disability 86.2%,
Children in Early Intervention
Birth to 31 months
3,056 to 3,235 receive services annually
Children in Special Education
Ages 6-12
Special schools 3%, special education in regular schools 52%, general education classes 45%
LIFE/RUN Center for Independent Living 1 of 27 independent living centers in Texas 8240 Boston

Mission Statement
• "LIFE Inc. is committed to empowering people with disabilities to exercise self-determination as they strive to conquer the physical and attitudinal barriers in achieving a life of dignity, equality, independence and full inclusion."

• LIFE/RUN provides services in Lubbock, Hale, Hockley, Lamb, Lynn, Crosby, Garza, Floyd and Terry Counties. Relocation Services are provided in the Texas Panhandle, South Plains and West Central Texas areas.

• LIFE/RUN aids in advocacy, peer support, independent skills training, job readiness training, home by choice nursing home relocation payee services, braille services, social &recreational events (Trunk or Treat.)

• LIFE/RUN is Inc. is funded by state, federal, local and private dollars.

• LIFE’s funders include the U.S. Department of Education, the Texas Department of Assistive and Rehabilitative Services (DARS), the Texas Department of Aging and Disability Services (DADS), the Social Security Administration, the City of Lubbock and community and state philanthropists.

• In 2010, 98% of all funding received by LIFE, Inc. was expended on Consumer services, while only 2% was expended for general management.

• Comprehensive Energy Assistance Program (CEAP)

Interview with Veronica Gonzales
What discrimination or prejudice have you faced?

In your past as a younger child, how was school for you?

How do you feel about current education for deaf kids?

What services/programs were available to you as a kid?

Federal Policies
DELETE THIS SLIDE!! we added some where else!!!

6 Core Principles
Breaking Down IDEA
Early Intervention
Limited federal funding
Policy Authority
Part C in the Education for All Handicapped Children Act
Mandating the provision of early intervention services
Family Support
Joint state & federal funding
Policy Authority
Federal Medicaid funds available to states through Home & Community Based Services
Authorized through Omnibus Budget Reconciliation Act of 1981
Income Transfer
Federal funding
Policy Authority
Temporary Assistance of Needy Families
Limited cash assistance to low-income families
Work requirements for parents
Personal Responsibility & Work Opportunity Reconciliation Act of 1996
Supplemental Security Income benefits- Social Security Act of 1972
Local Statistics
11,000= the number of individuals in our Region with intellectual disabilities

Between the ages of 5 to 20 approximately 4,970 or 8% have a disability
Mental & Child Health (Title V)
Federal funding
Policy Authority
Social Security Act of 1935
Converted to Maternal & Child Health block grant through the Omnibus Budget Reconciliation Act of 1981
Core Features
Aims to improve health of all mothers & children
Services & eligibility vary by state
What is DRT's purpose?
How does DRT encourage public participation?
What future policies are being promoted by DRT?
What could the government do to help with disability policies?
What is your favorite part about working with DRT?
Schools cannot exclude any children with a disability
Nondiscriminatory evaluation before being placed in special education
Individualized Education Plans (IEPs) for each unique individual such as goals, progress, evaluations
Least restrictive environment says children with disabilities have the opprotunity to be educated to the extent possible with those without disabilities
Due process codifies legal steps in which a child is provided fairness and accountability from it's school and education
Parental participation by being able to access their child's education records and participate in the IEP planning
IDEA has four major parts within:
Part A: General Provisions
Part B: Assistance for Education of All Children with Disabilities
Focused on services to school-aged children with disabilities
Part C: Infants and Toddlers with Disabilities
Early intervention services, birth to age 3
Part D: National Activities to improve Education of Children with Disabilities
Job Openings
Health care
paid time off
direct support
group volunteers
One-Time volunteers
Donation Dirves
Disability Awareness Program
The mission of Disability Awareness Programs of Texas is to foster continual awareness of people who are differently-abled through established partnerships with other like-minded agencies, schools, and individuals to act as educational resources to the community. DAP of Texas hopes to establish programs in public schools, universities, and the community at large in hopes of bringing about greater awareness.

Become an Ambassador
Other opportunities...
offer help to people with metal illness, intellectual disability, chemical dependency and HIV
Special Olympics
Hospital Volunteers

Purpose of Disability Policies
To ensure that all children with disabilities, have available to them a free appropriate public education that emphasizes special education and related services designed to meet their unique needs and prepares them for further education, employment, and independent living.

To ensure that the rights of children with disabilities and their parents are protected.

To assist the local educational agencies, including state operated programs and charter schools, to provide for the education of children with disabilities.

To assess and ensure the effectiveness of efforts to educate children with disabilities.
National Center For Learning Disabilities, NCLD.org - NCLD. (n.d.). Retrieved November 11,2014
Jenson, J. (2011).
Social policy for children and families: A risk and resilience perspective
(2nd ed.). Thousand Oaks, Calif.: SAGE.
Contact Us. (n.d.). Retrieved November 13, 2014, from http://www.liferun.org/content/contact-us
"Disability Rights Texas Back to Home." Disability Rights Texas. Web. 10 Nov. 2014. <http://www.disabilityrightstx.org/>.
Health and Human Services Commission. Web. 10 Nov. 2014. <http://www.hhsc.state.tx.us/medicaid/managed-care/mmc/star-kids.shtml>.
Mosaic in Lubbock. (n.d.). Retrieved November 13, 2014.
StarCare LUBBOCK - Links. (n.d.). Retrieved November 13, 2014.
Sources Used
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