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Jean-Jacques Rousseau

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on 22 September 2010

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Transcript of Jean-Jacques Rousseau

Jean-Jacques Rousseau Born in Geneva on June 28, 1712 a major philosopher, writer, and composer in the eighteenth-century Enlightenment his political philosophies influenced the development of modern political and educational thought and the French Revolution In 1745 he met a linen-maid named Therese Levasseur, who eventually became his lifelong companion: they married in 1768. They had five kids together, whom were all left at the Paris orphanage. He died on July 3, 1778. his Confessions were published several years after his death. he wrote: Dissertation sur la musique moderne, 1736
Discourse on the Arts and Sciences 1750
Narcissus, or The Self-Admirer: A Comedy, 1752
Le Devin du Village: an opera, 1752,
Discourse on the Origin and Basis of Inequality Among Men 1754
Discourse on Political Economy, 1755
Letter to M. D'Alembert on Spectacles, 1758
Julie, or the New Heloise 1761
Émile: or, on Education 1762
The Social Contract, or Principles of Political Right 1762
Four Letters to M. de Malesherbes, 1762
Pygmalion: a Lyric Scene, 1762
Letters Written from the Mountain, 1764
Confessions of Jean-Jacques Rousseau 1782
Constitutional Project for Corsica, 1772
Considerations on the Government of Poland, 1772
Essay on the Origin of Languages, published 1781
Reveries of a Solitary Walker (incomplete) published 1782
Dialogues: Rousseau Judge of Jean-Jacques, published 1782 main ideas: people are essentially good, but we become corrupted by the evils of society. We are born good - and that is our natural state. He viewed society as "artificial" and "corrupt" in conclusion: He was important because he provided influential ideas, radical arguments and, more importantly, extraordinarily powerful images and phrases, which were widely cited during the French Revolution. The first man who, having fenced in a piece of land, said "This is mine," and found people naïve enough to believe him, that man was the true founder of civil society. From how many crimes, wars, and murders, from how many horrors and misfortunes might not any one have saved mankind, by pulling up the stakes, or filling up the ditch, and crying to his fellows: Beware of listening to this impostor; you are undone if you once forget that the fruits of the earth belong to us all, and the earth itself to nobody. ”
— Jean-Jacques Rousseau, Discourse on Inequality, 1754
The noblest work in education is to make a reasoning man, and we expect to train a young child by making him reason This beginning at the end; this is making an instrument of a result. If children understood how to reason they would not need to be educated.” –Rousseau, Emile. Aristotle, Niccolò Machiavelli, Michel De Montaigne, Hugo Grotius,
Samuel von Pufendorf, Thomas Hobbes, John Locke,
Jean Barbeyrac, Jean-Jacques Burlamaqui,
Denis Diderot Influenced By Influenced Kant, The French Revolution, Robespierre, Louis de Saint-Just, The Counter-Enlightenment, Fichte, Hegel, Goethe, Friedrich Nietzsche, Romanticism, Paine, Comte, Bolívar, Marx, Engels, Derrida, Paul de Man, Benedetto Croce, Galvano Della Volpe, Claude Lévi-Strauss, Leo Strauss, Émile Durkheim, Mikhail Bakunin, Maria Montessori, Leo Tolstoy, John Rawls, Juan José Castelli, Mustafa Kemal Atatürk at first Rousseau said but later he decided He thought the advancement of art and science had not helped mankind. His impression was that the progress of knowledge had made governments more powerful, and crushed individual liberty and that material progress had actually weakend the possibility of sincere friendship, replacing it with jealousy, fear and suspicion.
the state of nature is savage without law or morality, and that
In nature, man is in frequent competition with his fellow men. Because he can be more successful facing threats by being in a group with other men, he feels the need to do so. When he joins together with his fellow men, they form "society." These men must help eachother to survive, thus being good, as opposed to fighting eachother. there are good men only as a result of society's presence he also thought the institution of private property was bad. He also questioned the common idea that the will of the majority is always correct. therefore, he is considered a forebear of modern socialism and Communism He thought that the goal of government should be to secure freedom, equality, and justice for all within the state, regardless of the will of the majority. He believed the state's purpose was to ensure freedom. He also thought that politics and morality should not be separated He also also thought: learning from a book wasn't very important, and recommended that a child's emotions should be educated before his reason. He placed a special emphasis on learning
by experience. Rousseau's ideas about education have significantly influenced modern educational theories. fin. Citations "Jean-Jacques Rousseau." Wikipedia. 22 Sept. 2010 <http://www.wikipedia.org>. "Jean-Jacques Rousseau." Lucidcafé Interactive Café and Information Resource. 22 Sept. 2010 <http://www.lucidcafe.com>. _______________ __________________________________ "Jean-jacques rousseau on nature, wholeness and education." Contents @ the informal education homepage. 22 Sept. 2010 <http://www.infed.org/>. _____________________________ "Jean-Jacques Rousseau (1712—1778)." Internet Encyclopedia of Philosophy. 22 Sept. 2010 <http://www.iep.utm.edu>. ___________________________ Bram, Leon L. "Jean-Jacques Rousseau." Funk & Wagnall's New Encyclopedia. Vol. 20. New York: Funk & Wagnall's Inc. 408-09 _____________________________
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