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Transcript of Mesopotamia
rivers Sumer: The first civilization More about Sumer The Fertile Crescent is the rich, fertile land area in
which Mesopotamia is located. The crescent holds
the Tigris and Euphrates Rivers. Mesopotamia's two major cities, Ur and Uurk are located in the Crescent. The land that was once Mesopotamia, is now Iraq. In 3300 B.C. Mesopotamia arose in the Fertile
Crescent. The name "Mesopotamia" came from the greek meaning "The land between the rivers". This is because of its location between the Tigris and Euphrates River. Eventually, Sumer (the first civilization) was created. The farming in the area was also very good. Sumer was the first civilization in the entire world.
It had 12 city states and the two biggest city states. Ur and Uruk were the biggest city states in Sumer. Sumer was
ruled by dynasties in three city states. They were polytheistic which means they worshiped more than one god. They worshiped their gods in temples called Ziggurats. As far as writing, the Sumerians wrote in a language called cuneiform Points to summarize The Sumerians worshiped hundred of Gods. They made temples called Ziggurats. These were made as high up as possible so the worshipers could be closer to their Gods. They believed that the after life was bleak and depressing. - First civilization is Sumer
- First form of writing was cuneiform
- Sumerians worshiped in many gods
- Epic of Gilgamesh
- Mesopotamia means land between rivers
- - Sumerians created first cart with
w wood wheels.
- Fall of Sumer: Akkadians Babylon's take over Hambrabi laws -Sargon's Army conquered Sumer.
-Sargon ruled for 56 years.
- Sargon made the first empire in world history 1790 BC the Babylons took over. They were ruled
by King Hamarabi. He created a brutal law system
called Hammurabi Code. The kingdom soon fell after
Hamarabi's death in 1750 BC. 9. If any one lose an article, and find it in the possession of another: if the person in whose possession the thing is found say "A merchant sold it to me, I paid for it before witnesses," and if the owner of the thing say, "I will bring witnesses who know my property," then shall the purchaser bring the merchant who sold it to him, and the witnesses before whom he bought it, and the owner shall bring witnesses who can identify his property. The judge shall examine their testimony -- both of the witnesses before whom the price was paid, and of the witnesses who identify the lost article on oath. The merchant is then proved to be a thief and shall be put to death. The owner of the lost article receives his property, and he who bought it receives the money he paid from the estate of the merchant.
10. If the purchaser does not bring the merchant and the witnesses before whom he bought the article, but its owner bring witnesses who identify it, then the buyer is the thief and shall be put to death, and the owner receives the lost article.
11. If the owner do not bring witnesses to identify the lost article, he is an evil-doer, he has traduced, and shall be put to death.
12. If the witnesses be not at hand, then shall the judge set a limit, at the expiration of six months. If his witnesses have not appeared within the six months, he is an evil-doer, and shall bear the fine of the pending case.
14. If any one steal the minor son of another, he shall be put to death.
15. If any one take a male or female slave of the court, or a male or female slave of a freed man, outside the city gates, he shall be put to death. Assyrians rule After Hammurabi's death, The Kassites take the city of Babylon in 1595 B.C. A while later in 1225 B.C, The Assyrians rise back to power and take over Babylon. The Assyrians expanded the empire, created flourishing cities and created the first library King Nabopolassar
Takes over Babylon. In 616 B.C., The king reclaims the land, and the Babylonians' own it once again. The ruler who took over Mesopotamia is King Nebuchadnezzar. Pershians take over Famous Ziggrauts The Tower of Babel, one of the most
famous Ziggurats. This was mentioned
in the book Genisis Food and Animals Products The Sumerians had many crops in the Fertile Cresent. This allowed them to make bread and use it as a big part of their food source. The loaves of bread looked round because they were baked in a round, clay oven called a Ourin. Sumer had many animals such as sheep, goats and cattle. These types of meats were eaten by the higher class. The other classes ate food such as fish and fowl. Tigris River And Euphrates River
Extra Info The river on top of Mesopotamia. The river
is about 1,850 km long and gave the Mesopotamian civilizations a good water source. The word Tigris comes from the Old
Persian word that is translated into "arrow-like". The Sumerians called the Tigris River Idigina. Euphrates Extra Info The Euphrates River is about 2,700 Kilometers long and is below Mestopia on the map. Like the Tigris River, it empties into the Persian Gulf King Nebuchadnezzar accomplishments - Hanging Gardens Of Babylon -Built a port on the Persian Gulf - Defeated Egypt - Helped rebuild monuments and ports Cyrus the great took over babylon in 539 B.C. King Darius 1 expaned empire and created the money based economy. Sumerian inventions: Many modern day inventions and uses, came from the first civilization. Some of these inventions were:
-Farming on soil
-Carts with wooden wheels
-Writing on clay tablets with sticks
They also created government, agriculture, written languages and religion Sumerian Religion : Major gods they worshiped at the time were:
Anu: Father of gods and the father of the sky.
Enlil: God of air
Utu: Sun god
Nanna: Moon god