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Transcript of Research Methods
and Scenarios Quantitative
Research Mixed Methods Action Research "Qualitative research describes and analyzes
people's individual and collective social actions,
beliefs, thoughts, and perceptions"
(McMillan & Schumacher, 2008 p. 135). According to Dr. Canipe (2008), qualitative
research is more narrative and less numeric,
and has to do with a story or experience.
"Quantitative research maximizes objectivity
by using numbers, statistics, structure, and
(McMillan & Schumacher, 2008, p. 23) Scenario #1 Scenario #2 Scenario #3 Scenario #4 Ten students are available for in-depth interviews. Participants will
be selected based on their involvement with the peer mediation
program. They will be observed over three weeks. Analysis will
attempt to determine issues concerning peer mediation. Two classrooms of students are selected. There are 30 students in each class;
each group will have similar demographics--age, sex, race, socio-economic
background, etc. Classes will be randomly divided into two groups of 15
students. Of these two groups, one randomly selected group will get training
on peer mediation and the other group will not. Thus in each classroom there
will be one group that is trained in peer mediation and one that is not. Analysis
will occur on which groups have the fewest office referrals. A school counselor is interested in knowing how student attitudes affect
the value of peer mediation to decrease number of office referrals that
are being filed for inappropriate interactions. Peer mediation has become widely used in many schools. The feelings of
those involved in the process are little known--either from those doing the
mediation or those recieving it. The ZASK-R Acceptance Perference
Survey will be given as pre- and post-tests to 40 students participating in
mediation. Follow-up interviews will be conducted on a bi-monthly basis. References McMillan, J. & Schumacher, S. (2008).
Research in education: Evidence-
based inquiry (Laureate custom
edition). Boston: Pearson. According to Dr. Canipe (2008), quantitative
research answers questions with numbers
through an experimental design that allows
differences to be identified between groups. "With mixed method designs, researchers
are not limited to using techniques
associated with traditional designs, either
quantitative or qualitative"
(McMillan & Schumacher, 2008, p. 27-28). "Many situations are best investigated
using a variety of methods"
(McMillan & Schumacher, 2008, p. 27). "Action research involves the use of
research methods by practitioners to
study current problems or issues"
(McMillan & Schumacher, 2008, p. 15). According to Dr. Canipe (2008), action
research has an immediate application to
a school or class problem. The type of research best used to answer this question is the qualitative research approach. Interviews and social involvement are at the center
of this question. The fact that it deals with the personal experiences of
the students requires a more personal approach in analyzing the beliefs
and perceptions of the students involved. The type of research best used to answer this question is the quantitative research approach. The use of numbers, statistics, structure, and control are very prominent in this research design. Numerical data between different groups will be analyzed, as opposed to personal opinions or experiences, ensuring complete objectivity. The type of research best used to answer this question is through the action
research approach. This scenario focuses on an individual educator's research in order to study a current school issue and provide a solution to a common, everyday concern within the school. The type of research best used to answer this question is the mixed methods approach. In an attempt to fully investigate and understand the questions, both qualitative and quantitative methods are used in the scenario. This provides numerical data from pre- and post-tests, while also obtaining an explanation of survey results through personal interviews and experiences. Laureate Education, Inc. (Producer). (2008).
Programs 1-7. Introduction to educational research
[Motion Picture]. Introduction to Educational
Research. Baltimore: Author. By Michelle Mellis, Suzie Stambek, and Erin Tregloan