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Tuareg tribe

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Emilee Osland

on 25 April 2013

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Transcript of Tuareg tribe

African tribe - Tuareg Emilee Osland Tuareg tribe areas in Africa Question: How does geography influence the way this tribe lives? Is it a positive or a negative to the society? Population: Tuareg tribe Tuareg - Language Tuareg population
Question: Is the population growing or shrinking? Why is it difficult to find accurate numbers for some tribes? What do the numbers tell you about the tribe? Tuareg culture Rites of passage Tuareg people have large populations in Mali, Burkina Faso, and Niger. Not only do Tuareg live in those countries, but have very small populations scattered in Algeria, Libya, Mauritania, and Tunisia. The dry geography of where most Tuareg live influences their dress and nomadic lifestyle. They need to move a lot to acquire their The Tuareg wear long veils to protect themselves from the heat, wind, and sunshine in the Sahara Desert. The Tuareg originally moved to this area because it was desolate, this was an area where they could escape from their past of slavery. Initially, this is a negative to society because the Tuareg people could be used for work to make money for a country to help an economy, but they choose to live independently. (Tuareg) The Tuareg population seems to be growing. I predict that the Tuareg tribe is growing, because I found a website that stated that in 1977 the Tuareg population was roughly 1,000,000 people; but in a more recent article it stated that the Tuareg population is approximately 1,940,000 people. From that information, I can tell that the tribe's population has increased. The increase in population could have been caused by a generation having children, which adds more to the tribe. The population of this tribe is hard to find because they are nomadic, widely spread, and do not have accurate population recordings available. The main language spoken by the Tuareg people is Berber, which is pre- Arab language that originated in North Africa. The Tuareg also include oral literature, such as wise tales in their culture.The Tuareg also have their own alphabet which descended from ancient Phoenician script.
The official language in Niger is French, which is where the Tuareg are most populated. Niger may have a national language, but has 8 - 20 known indigenous languages. French is taught in Niger schools and industries, but the Tuareg do not take part in that. There are many other languages spoken in Niger, which have many Nilo-Saharan and Berber families. Tuareg culture is influenced by ancestral traditions and Islamic religion. Tuareg tribes are closely knit and rely more on tradition than Islamic faith. Tuareg mothers raise their children, without much influence by the father. The Tuareg used to be known for their art, but now raise goats, camels, and cattle. The traditions in Tuareg tribes may lead to male dominance (because they do not care for their children). Tuareg may rely on each other because they need help when they are moving. Tuareg lifestyles lead to very family - like bonds. Rite of Passage- Ceremonies that symbolize transitional periods in a someone's life, such as birth, puberty, marriage, having children, and death.
Tuareg rites include choose an Amenokal, which is a chief to symbolize long life. Therefore the chief keeps his position until the end of his life. This is a tradition that was set up by Tuareg ancestors. This may affect the tribe because if the chief becomes unreasonable or unreliable, then the tribe suffers. Niger- 1,050,000
Mali- 780,000
Burkina Faso- 110,000
Not including the very small amount of Tuareg people spread in various counties

This cite tell that the Tuareg population is roughly 1,000,000. Current events of the Tuareg Bibliography Blanguernon, Claude. "Tuareg, or Touareg ." Encyclopedia Americana. Grolier Online, 2013. Web. 23 Apr. 2013. Clarke, Thurston. The Last Caravan. New York: Putnam, 1977 "Diarra, Moussa. Tuareg Rebellion in Northern Mali: Issues and perspectives. Online Newsletter. July 2, 2012. Web. 24 Apr. 2013." The Tuareg tribe is not currently facing any large problems, but they were faced with conflict during The Libyan Crisis. February 15, 2011 The Libyan Revolution, also called "The Libyan Crisis" had begun due to conflict in North Africa. Libyan citizens were protesting the government rule of Muammar Gaddafi. In this, Mali had joined the citizens to fight against the Libyan government. The Tuareg had a very large population in Libya at the time, then Tuareg tribes had no other choice than to move from their camps in Libya to Mali. Muammar Gaddafi was captured and killed October 20, 2011. This was the end of the Libyan Civil War; once the war had ended, Mali gave benefits to those who had fled from Libya. The Malian governement also offered Malian citizenship to all of the Libyan refugees, (which were mostly Tuareg people). This way, all of the Libyan refugees had the right to vote and obtain military positions. http://www.north-africa.com/naj_news/news_na/1juneeight47.html http://www.bradshawfoundation.com/tuareg/ http://thinkafricapress.com/mali/causes-uprising-northern-mali-tuareg http://agadiramazighi.wordpress.com/2011/03/12/tamazight-language-berber/ http://www.visitgaomali.com/VGM_Sites_Anderamboukane_English.htm http://jembetat.com/ot.cfm?object_type=Tuareg%20Art http://sahelnet.org/photo/2009/06/amenokal/ http://www.policymic.com/articles/5555/america-s-libyan-intervention-is-now-fueling-an-african-humanitarian-crisis http://theottermaulings.blogspot.com/2011/08/tuareg.html http://commons.wikimedia.org/wiki/File:Nomad-Tuaregs.jpg Information found - "NIGER." Countries of the World (Toucan Valley). 2004. eLibrary. Web. 23 Apr. 2013.
8% of Niger is Tuareg
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