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Timeline of Nelson Mandela's Life
Transcript of Timeline of Nelson Mandela's Life
1944 - Mandela co-founds the African National Congress Youth League (ANCYL) and marries Evelyn Ntoko Mase; they have four children.
1948 - Mandela is elected Secretary of the ANCYL
1949 - Mandela is elected President of the ANCYL and opens the first black law partnership in South Africa with his friend Oliver Tambo.
1952 - Mandela begins to lead the new ANC Campaign for the Defiance of Unjust Laws, a non-violent resistance after which he is charged of violating the Suppression of Communism Act, start the M-plan for underground operations of the ANC
1955 - The Congress for the People is held.
Born Rolihlahla Dalibhunga Mandela on July 18, 1918, in Mvezo, Transkei, South Africa to Gadla Henry Mphakanyiswa and Nosekeni Fanny Mandela. (Mandela is also called Madiba, his traditional clan name).
His Father, Gadla Henry Mphakanyiswa, died when Mandela was only nine years old so he was adopted by the chief of the Thembu people, Jongintaba Dalindyebo, and was taken to Mqhekezweni from Qunu.
1925 - Mandela was the first of his family to attend primary school, near Qunu, where he received the name Nelson.
1934 - After being taken in by Cheif Jongintaba, Mandela attended the Clarkesbury Boarding Institute (in Engcobo).
1937 - Mandela attends the Wesleyan College (in Fort Beaufort) where he excelled in track and boxing.
1939 - Mandela enrolls at the University College at Fort Hare, which at the time was considered the Oxford or Harvard of South Africa.
1940 - Mandela is elected for student council at the University and later leaves office and is expelled for the rest of the semester.
1941 - the Chief sets up an arranged marriage for Mandela. He feels trapped and runs away from home to Johannesburg where he works many jobs and continues on his bachelor's degree. Mandela enrolls to the University of Witwatersrand in Johannesburg wanting to study law. Mandela gets a job at the law firm of Witkin, Sidelsky, and Eidelman.
1942 - Mandela becomes involved in the anti-apartheid movement and joins the African National Congress
1943 - Mandela graduates from Fort Hare and enrolls for an LLB at Wits.
1962 - Mandela is arrested for inciting the strike and leaving the country without any documents. He is sentenced to 5 years in prison, hard labor which he began serving in Pretoria Local Prison.
1963 - Mandela transferred is to Robben Island Prison where he contracts Tuberculosis and is given poor treatment. Later that year he is brought back to Pretoria Local Prison.
1964 - Mandela is sentenced to life in prison for four counts of sabotage along with other resistance leaders, at his trial Mandela pleaded not guilty and represented himself. Mandela is taken to Robben Island Prison once again.
1980 - Johannesburg Sunday Post begins a campaign to free Mandela. A petition to free him along with other resistance leaders is printed in the newspaper.
1982 - Mandela is sent to Pollsmoor Maximum Security Prison.
1985 - Mandela meets President P. W. Botha, who offers him release if he renounces armed struggle which Mandela refuses. He has prostate surgery and is later sent to Victor Verster Prison.
1989 - President P. W. Botha has a stroke and is replaced by F. W. de Klerk
1990 - President F. W. de Klerk releases Mandela from prison and unbanned the ANC
1991 - Mandela is elected President of the ANC
1993 - Mandela is awarded the Nobel Peace Prize along with President F. W. de Klerk for "dismantling apartheid."
1994 - Mandela is able to vote for the first time in his life. He is elected by parliament to be the first President of democratic
South Africa and is inaugurated the next day. Later in the year he releases his autobiography, "Long Walk to Freedom."
1995 - Mandela is awarded the
Order of Merit and establishes the Nelson Mandela Children's Fund.
1996 - Mandela divorces Winnie Mandela.
1998 - Mandela marries Graça Machel.
1999 - Mandela Steps down as president and starts the Nelson Mandela Foundation.
2001 - Mandela is diagnosed with prostate cancer.
2011 - Mandela is diagnosed with chest infection in Johannesburg, his third book is published, and he meets the First Lady, Michelle Obama.
2012 - Mandela takes many trips to the hospital because of an abdominal pain.
2013 - Mandela spends the beginning of January in the hospital and is admitted once again later that spring .
Nelson Mandela recently turned 95 is currently in the hospital in critical condition. He has been responding well to treatment, but we do not know when he is going to be discharged from the hospital.
1956 - Mandela is arrested along with 150 other resistance leaders and is charged for high treason.
1958 - Mandela divorces Evelyn Mase and marries Nomzamo Winnie Madikizela; they have two children.
1960 - After the Sharpeville Massacre, Mandela is detained during a State of Emergency. Later that year the ANC is banned.
1961 - Mandela is found not guilty of treason and begins to travel Africa and Europe studying Guerrilla warfare, incites the three-day worker's strike.
2003 - Mandela establishes the Mandela Rhodes Foundation and attends an AIDS awarness event. Mandela also participates in the signing of the signing of the Geneva Accords.
2004 - Mandela steps down from his public life and returns to his native village, Qunu.
2005 - Announces that his eldest son has died of AIDS
2009 - Mandela attends the inauguration of President Jacob Zuma and witnesses Zuma's first State of the Nation address
2010 - Mandela is presented with the trophy of the FIFA World Cup, his great-granddaughter dies, he makes a surprise appearance at the FIFA World Cup and meets some of the teams. Mandela's second book is published.
2007 - Witnesses his grandson become the chief of the Mvezo Traditional Council. "The Elders" a group of world leaders was convened to address the world's greatest and most important issues.
2008 - Mandela turns 90 and asks for young people to "continue the fight for social justice.
He receives the name ‘Nelson’ from a teacher. The English name 'Nelson' means 'Son of a Champion'.
Qunu is a small rural village in South Africa's Eastern Cape Province. In his autobiography Long Walk to Freedom, Mandela describes Qunu as where he spent the happiest moments of his childhood.
"My experiences in the veld where we worked and played together in groups introduced me at an early age to the ideas of collective effort."
In October 1963 Nelson Mandela joined nine others on trial for sabotage in what became known as the Rivonia Trial. Facing the death penalty his words to the court at the end of his famous ‘Speech from the Dock’ on 20 April 1964 became immortalized:
“I have fought against white domination, and I have fought against black domination. I have cherished the ideal of a democratic and free society in which all persons live together in harmony and with equal opportunities. It is an ideal which I hope to live for and to achieve. But if needs be, it is an ideal for which I am prepared to die.”
Mveso, Transkei in the Eastern Cape.
Map of South Africa
Nelson Mandela pictured here in a school photograph, which is regarded as the earliest known image of Mr Mandela. He appears in the back row, fifth from right.
East campus of Wits
Marries Evelyn Ntoko Mase
Mandela with his friend Oliver Tambo.
Campaign for the Defiance of Unjust Laws.
69 people were killed, including 8 women and 10 children. While 180 were injured, including 31 women and 19 children. Many were shot in the back as they turned to flee.
Mandela burning his pass book.
Example of an Apartheid pass book.
Marries Nomzamo Winnie Madikizela.
Apartheid in full force....
A monument at the capture site in Howick.
Mandela in 1961
Victor Verster Prison.
Mandela revisits Victor Verster Prison.
1995 Rugby World Cup
Winning the Nobel Peace Prize
Inaugurated as President of South Africa
Handing over to Mbeki.
Marries Graça Machel.
Inauguration of President Jacob Zuma
Zuma visits Mandela which causes country outcry.
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1976 - Soweto Uprising.
Mandela votes for the first time.