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Carl Jung

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Doreen Tham

on 29 May 2015

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Transcript of Carl Jung

Carl Jung
By: Cecillia and Doreen
Who was he?
A Swiss psychiatrist and psychotherapist who founded analytical psychology
A medical practitioner specializing in the diagnosis and treatment of mental illness
A therapist who deals with mental and emotional disorders
-Attended the University of Basel from 1895-1902
-Studied biology, zoology, paleontology, and archaeology before pursuing medicine
-His fascination with medicine and spirituality led him into the field of psychiatry
Proposed and developed the concepts of the extroverted and introverted personality, archetypes, and the collective unconscious
Views a person's beliefs and behaviors as the result of conscious and unconscious beliefs
Analytic psychology or Jungian psychology
Suggested that our species has a collective unconscious as well as archetypes that influence our development as individuals and as a species
Archetypes are a primitive mental image inherited from the earliest human ancestors, and are present in the collective unconscious
Born in Kesswil, Switzerland on July 26 1875

Died on June 6 1961 in Kesswil, Switzerland
-Jung worked with psychiatric patients at the University of Zürich asylum in Switzerland
-In 1906, Jung wrote Studies in Word Association and sent a copy to Sigmund Freud
-The two met in person in 1907, and Jung’s time spent working with Freud had a major impact on his theories and helped him develop a fascination for the unconscious mind
-Freud viewed Jung as his protégé and friend but Jung started to develop his own ideas that diverged from Freud's views
Front row: Sigmund Freud, Granville Stanley Hall, Carl Jung
Back row: Abraham A. Brill, Ernest Jones, Sándor Ferenczi
Sigmund Freud and Carl Jung
-Jung rejected Freud's emphasis on sex as the sole source of behavior motivation
-Did not believe the unconscious as being a repressed part of the mind where we shut away unacceptable ideas and thoughts but as the true basis of the human psyche, from which consciousness arose
-Worked with dreams, visions and fantasies, both his own and those of his patients, finding that these often gave insight into a person’s “inner world"
Individual psyche is

Proposed many different principles
Principle of Opposites
Principle of Equivalence
Principle of Entropy
Every aspect of the psyche naturally has an opposite factor
Equal amounts of energy are given to each of the opposites
Opposites tend to blend together
Parts of the human psyche:
Centre of the conscious mind
Personal unconscious:
Anything the individual has acquired, but has been forgotten or repressed
Collective unconscious:
Contains the memory traces common to all humans
"The world hangs on a thin thread, and that thread is the psyche of man. Nowadays, we are not threatened by elemental catastrophes.
are the great danger. The psyche is the great danger. What if something goes wrong with the psyche? And so it is demonstrated in our day what the power of the psyche is. How important it is to know something about it, but we know nothing."
-Carl Jung
Introvert and Extrovert
1. A shy, quiet withdrawn person
Interested in ideas rather than people
1. An outgoing, socially oriented person.
Compensate for neglected parts of the personality
Takes a central place in analytical psychology
Act as compensations for areas of the conscious mind
Bring back archetypal memories from the collective unconscious
Draw attention to aspects of our lives that we are not consciously aware
have a personal meaning
Studying the personal unconscious
the collective unconscious was crucial
Balance is imperative in the psyche
Ego (who we think we are) and the shadow (unacknowledged aspects of ourselves that we deny) work together in the psyche as a balancing pair
Four Functional types
Uses reason
Uses emotions
Uses the five senses
Uses perception
Symbol creation was key in order to understand human nature
"the best possible expression for something essentially unknown"
Jung wanted to investigate similarities between different symbols
"Dream symbols are the essential message carriers from the instinctive to the rational parts of the human mind"
-Carl Jung
When they are interpreted, the dreamer can learn from the unconscious.
Carl Jung believed...
Carl Jung's work has left a notable impact on psychology
(Pssst, Its not really a quiz)
Full transcript