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Informative Speech

Electoral College
by

Katie Yohey

on 3 October 2012

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Transcript of Informative Speech

Presented By: Katie Yohey Electoral College History In Practice Pros
Cons Pros Cons Works
Cited Formation Reason Changes Process of Choosing How Many? Voting "Each State shall appoint, in such Manner as the Legislature thereof may direct, a Number of Electors, equal to the whole number of Senators and Representatives to which the State may be entitled in the Congress: but no Senator or Representative, or Person holding an Office of Trust or Profit under the United States, shall be appointed an Elector." Indirect Democracy
States need equal representation
Electoral college acts as a filter for public
Factions cannot arise between states 12th Amendment: President will choose his VP running mate and they will be on a voting ballot together
Unwritten Constitution: state electors cast their votes for whoever wins the popular vote in that state.Every state except for Maine and Nebraska usually participate in winner takes all attitude. Maine and Nebraska split up electoral votes.
States have power to choose
Most are chosen through political
parties at state conventions
Known to have strong political
ties to their party Do not technically have to
vote with their state's popular
vote: faithless voter
48 states do a winner takes
all approach with electoral votes
Maine & Nebraska split up their votes
If there is a tie or no candidate reaches
the majority (270 votes), then the House
of Representatives votes for the new
President Faithless Electors
Electoral vote doesn't always
reflect the popular vote:
2000
Some people believe that their vote doesn't count so they do not vote at all Keeps States involved and helps balance
the power of the executive branch
Factions cannot overtake the election due
to a bigger size than the rest of the nation
Keeps candidates focused on swing states 270towin.com
Electoral Process: http://www.archives.gov/federal-register/electoral-college/electors.html#restrictions
Constitution of the United States: Article II, section 1, clause 2
History: http://www.u-s-history.com/pages/h263.html
Map: http://www.positivelynaperville.com/elections-candidates
Article II: http://pastormattblog.com/2012/09/06/reading-through-the-constitution-article-ii-section-i-clause-1/
Men on seesaw: http://tommeigs.com/page/13/?p=wuqwcvyhuya
Full transcript