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on 28 May 2014

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Transcript of Sparta

Sparta Religion
Sparta is located in the region of Laconia, in the south-eastern Peloponnese. Ancient Sparta was built on the banks of the Evrotas River, the main river of Laconia, which provided it with a source of fresh water. The valley of the Evrotas is a natural fortress, bounded to the west by Mt. Taygetus at 2407 meters and to the east by Mt. Parnon at 1935 meters. To the north, Laconia is separated from Arcadia by hilly uplands reaching 1000 m in altitude. These natural defenses worked to Sparta's advantage and contributed to Sparta never having been sacked. Though landlocked, Sparta had a harbor, Gytheio, on the Laconian Gulf.
By: Earvin Santiago
and Ricardo Recinos

Geography of Sparta
Spartans believed in polytheism, which is the belief of many gods. Thirteen of the gods and goddesses were Clotho, Lachesis, and Atropos the goddesses of destiny and fate, Atlas the god of burdens who was punished by Zeus for threatening the gods. His punishment was to hold up the sky on his shoulders forever. Zeus was the god of the earth, Adonis the god of desire, Heracles, the son of Zeus and Hera, born a human and turned into a god by Athena, Athena was the goddess of the city and war, Cronus was the father of the gods, Ares was the god of war, Hades the god of the underworld, Dionysus god of wine and a couple of other things, and Pandora the goddesses of curiosity. There are still many gods and goddesses that the Spartans believed in. Spartans held rituals for the gods and goddesses and for their religious beliefs. They had a temple made just for the god Zeus. They also made a temple for Athena.
When a Spartan king died, horsemen went to each town in Sparta and announced the news. The son of the king became the new king after he died. If the king has no son and only daughters, the cousin, brother, or a general would become the new king.
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