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John Brown: Hero or Villain
Transcript of John Brown: Hero or Villain
Hero or Villain Brief Biography HERO Villain or Born on May 9, 1800 in Torrington, Connecticut
Raised by a very religious family
As a child he moved around the United States
Moved to Ohio at age 5 for its antislavery views
Growing up Brown continued to move around
He lived in Pennsylvania, Massachusetts, and New York
Married Mary Ann Day and had a large family of 20 children
Had many jobs including...
farmer, wool merchant, tanner, and land speculator
Even filed for bankruptcy in his 40s With no money, Brown helped finance David Walkers Appeal and Henry Highland's "Call to Rebellion Speech" ***Lack of funds however, did not stop him from supporting the causes he believed in.*** Helped work the Underground Railroad with Harriet Tubman
Helped create the League of Gileadites
League of Gileadites- an organization that helped protect escaped slaves from slave catchers "Though a white gentleman, [Brown] is in sympathy a black man, and as deeply interested in our cause, as though his own soul had been pierced with the iron of slavery."
-Frederick Douglas When caught in Virginia he was quickly tried and convicted of treason and murder
Before his trial, he was allowed to address the court... "I believe to have interfered as I have done,...in behalf of His despised Poor, was not wrong, but right. Now, if it be deemed necessary that I should forfeit my life for the furtherance of the ends of justice, and mingle my blood further with the blood of my children, and with the blood of millions in this slave country whose rights are disregarded by wicked, cruel, and unjust enactments, i submit; so let it be done."
-John Brown In 1855 John Brown followed five of his sons to the Kansas territory
While there, the pro slavery town of Pottawatomie attacked the anti slavery town of Lawrence
A letter was sent to John Brown while he was awaiting his execution date from Mahala Doyle that read...
In retaliation of the attack John Brown and his sons went to the town of Pottawatomie and dragged 5 random citizens out from their beds and brutally murdered them. This is known as the Pottawatomie Massacre. Sir
Altho vengeance is not mine, I confess, that I do feel gratified to hear that you ware stopt in your fiendish career at Harper's Ferry, with the loss of your two sons, you can now appreciate my distress, in Kansas, when you then and there entered my house at midnight and arrested my husband and two boys and took them out of the yard and in cold blood shot them dead in my hearing, you cant say you done it to free our slaves, we had none and never expected to own one, but has only made me a poor disconsolate widow with helpless children while I feel for your folly. I do hope & trust that you will meet your just reward. O how it pained my Heart to hear the dying groans of my Husband and children if this scrawl give you any consolation you are welcome to it.
[Noted on Back] my son John Doyle whose life I begged of (you) is now grown up and is very desirous to be at Charleston on the day of your execution would certainly be there if his means would permit it, that he might adjust the rope around your neck if gov: wise would permit it
M Doyle. John Brown believed the only way to end slavery was to begin a war... he started planning his attack on Harpers Ferry Virginia
On October 16, 1859, John Brown and 21 men (both white and black) raided the federal arsenal at Harpers Ferry At first things were going well, they captured the armory and arsenal quickly. However, the raid lasted less than 72 hours due to federal troops that arrived. John Brown was quickly wounded and brought into to court. John Brown was hung on December 2, 1859. Hero Villain