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Transcript of Robots
How will they influence our life in the future?
- Is the development of robots efficient for humanity?
- Will robots substitute human beings ?
- Will robots eliminate human operators?
- Robots - a useful tool or a convenient luxury
- Robots a revolutionary tool or a comfort
- Will we depend on robots?
- Robots - a useful tool or a comforting superabundance?
- Will we produce revolutionary tools or our personal slaves?
2. Why robots? Usage, ability and technology
2.1 industrial robots
2.2 service robots
2.2.1 Mobile robots
2.2.3 Household robots
2.2.4 Military robots
3. Negative aspects of robots
4. Looking into the future
4.1 predictions and conclusion
Negative aspects of robots
Introduction and history
Structure of a robot
Reasons to use a robot
Variety of robots
used in manufacturing plants
present in automobile industry
are being replaced after 10 years due to
high costs of reprogramming
robots consist of :
movable physical structure
to replace human operator
save labour and cost => faster,
human can harm the product
product can harm human
transport goods to large distances
developed to work in a
intervene in hazardous environments
controlled by humans remotely
surgeons use telerobotic technologies
robotic mowing machine
ageing population --> humans are living longer
need of assistance
robots as caregivers and supervisors
autonomous or remote controlled
support military actions
limitation in autonomy due to the Geneva Conventions for the laws of war
work in hazardous environment
Help (i.e. as housekeepers ) for people in need
Scientific research (e.g. medical, environmental etc.)
Used for entertainment
Convertible and universally adaptive
Used as replacement in work force
Harm the environment
No possibilities to blame a machine
no human judgment (lack of feelings, etc.)
contradict with international humanitarian law
impunity - "who's to blame?"
detaching soldiers from victims --> violence and war are more likely
different opinions equal different definitions
The Oxford Dictionary states: “a robot is a machine capable of carrying out a complex series of actions automatically, especially one programmable by a computer”
~322 B.C. Aristotle quotes:
“If every tool, when ordered, or even of its own accord, could do the work that befits it... then there would be no need either of apprentices for the master workers or of slaves for the lords.”
1921 Karel Capek introduces “robota”
1940 Isaac Asimov’s “Three Laws of Robotics”
1. A robot may not injure a human being, or, through inaction, allow a human being to come to harm.
2. a robot must obey the orders given it by human beings except where such orders would conflict with the First Law.
3. A robot must protect its own existence as long as such protection does not conflict with the First or Second Law.
Later, Asimov adds the Zeroth Law:
A robot may not injure humanity, or, through inaction allow humanity to come to harm.
1950 “Turing Test”
2002 first affordable and practical home robot: iRobot
2004 robot rover “Spirit” lands on Mars
- robot material is non-degradable
- puts a strain on resources