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Robots

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Valeria Prezi

on 13 September 2013

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Transcript of Robots

Robots
Why robots?

military
industry
environment
Discussion
Structure:
How will they influence our life in the future?
- Is the development of robots efficient for humanity?
- Will robots substitute human beings ?
- Will robots eliminate human operators?
- Robots - a useful tool or a convenient luxury
- Robots a revolutionary tool or a comfort
- Will we depend on robots?
- Robots - a useful tool or a comforting superabundance?
- Will we produce revolutionary tools or our personal slaves?

1. Introduction
1.2 definition
1.3 history
2. Why robots? Usage, ability and technology
2.1 industrial robots
2.2 service robots
2.2.1 Mobile robots
2.2.2 Telerobots
2.2.3 Household robots
2.2.4 Military robots
3. Negative aspects of robots
3.1 military
3.2 industry
3.3 environment
4. Looking into the future
4.1 predictions and conclusion
5. Discussion
Negative aspects of robots
Introduction and history
Structure of a robot
Reasons to use a robot
industrial robots
Variety of robots
service robots
used in manufacturing plants
present in automobile industry
are being replaced after 10 years due to
high costs of reprogramming
Sources:
http://www.learnaboutrobots.com/images/sixAxisFanuc.gif
http://www.fieldrobot.dk/images/casmobot.jpg
http://www.electronicsteacher.com/robotics/type-of-robots.php
http://www.forbes.com/sites/jenniferhicks/2013/07/30/are-we-ready-for-a-robotic-phlebotomist/
http://image.slidesharecdn.com/robotiqueindustrielleetdeserviceeuropeaout2011-110812163811-phpapp01/95/slide-7-728.jpg?1313185264

Industrial robot
robots consist of :
movable physical structure
sensor system
power supply
computer "brain"
to replace human operator
save labour and cost => faster,
more efficient
human can harm the product
product can harm human

Service robots
mobile robots

transport goods to large distances
work autonomously
developed to work in a
specific environment
Telerobot
intervene in hazardous environments
controlled by humans remotely
surgeons use telerobotic technologies
Household robots
Military robots
robotic Phlebotomist
robotic mowing machine
ageing population --> humans are living longer
need of assistance
robots as caregivers and supervisors
iCub
autonomous or remote controlled
support military actions
limitation in autonomy due to the Geneva Conventions for the laws of war
BigDog robot
Atlas

work in hazardous environment
Help (i.e. as housekeepers ) for people in need
Scientific research (e.g. medical, environmental etc.)
Used for entertainment
Convertible and universally adaptive



Advantages
Disadvantages

Used as replacement in work force
abusive
Killing robots
Harm the environment
No control
No possibilities to blame a machine


Questions
Military
industry
environment
"mechanical slaughter"
no human judgment (lack of feelings, etc.)
contradict with international humanitarian law
impunity - "who's to blame?"
flash crashes
detaching soldiers from victims --> violence and war are more likely
different opinions equal different definitions
The Oxford Dictionary states: “a robot is a machine capable of carrying out a complex series of actions automatically, especially one programmable by a computer”
Definition
History
~322 B.C. Aristotle quotes:
“If every tool, when ordered, or even of its own accord, could do the work that befits it... then there would be no need either of apprentices for the master workers or of slaves for the lords.”

1921 Karel Capek introduces “robota”

1940 Isaac Asimov’s “Three Laws of Robotics”
1. A robot may not injure a human being, or, through inaction, allow a human being to come to harm.
2. a robot must obey the orders given it by human beings except where such orders would conflict with the First Law.
3. A robot must protect its own existence as long as such protection does not conflict with the First or Second Law.
Later, Asimov adds the Zeroth Law:
A robot may not injure humanity, or, through inaction allow humanity to come to harm.

1950 “Turing Test”

2002 first affordable and practical home robot: iRobot

2004 robot rover “Spirit” lands on Mars
job displacement
unemployment
- robot material is non-degradable
- puts a strain on resources
Full transcript