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Disease Project Period 3

Luma Makawi

on 3 May 2015

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Transcript of Ebola

How Has Ebola Changed since 1976?
Science Disease Project
Period 3
By: Luma Makawi

The Ebola outbreaks are mainly in Africa
There are five different Ebola viruses, but one of them causes Ebola Hemorrhagic Fever
The first human outbreaks occurred in 1976.
One of the many Outbreaks have occurred in northern Zaire in Central Africa
Ebola has not yet been eradicated, but medical doctors are working on it
Ebola is not an air borne disease
Key Facts
Ebola Virus is a deadly virus that aims at both human and non-human primates. The Ebola virus can cause pain and in almost all cases death. This Virus has been around since 1976.
What Is Ebola?
What Is Ebola?
Key Facts
Ebola Today
Recent Outbreaks
Past Outbreaks
Treatments And Diagnosis
Control And Prevention
Table Of Contents
Ebola Today
Recent Outbreaks
Past Outbreaks
Safety And Health
Treatments And Diagnosis
2014 Outbreak
Incubation Period: 2 to 21 days
Early Symptoms:
Muscle pain
Late Symptoms
Dry Coughs
Red Eyes
Internal/External Bleeding
Organ Failure
(Bleeding) diarrhea
Spreads by contact with,bodily fluids from infected patients,contaminated objects, and Infected animals (plus their meat)
First host of Ebola is the Fruit bat
Ebola can still infect people through death
The Ebola Virus usually spreads through the use of unsterilized syringes and needles
Checking For Fever
How It's Transmitted
Ebola Virus
Sanitize syringe and other equipment used with an(y) Ebola patient
Practice careful personal hygiene
Seek medical care
Avoid any contact with infected persons
Avoid unneeded traveling to area were the virus was spreading
Lab. Workers/Hospital Staff
Face mask and protective clothing should be used while working.
Ebola has now reached the United States of America, but its still spreading in Africa. In Africa the Ebola virus is spreading between the countries of Guinea, Liberia and Sierra Leone. Only one traveler has gone by air and transmitted the virus to someone in Nigeria. The first Outbreak of March 2014 is/was the largest and most difficult outbreak since the outbreak of 1976. There were more cases and deaths then all of them combined.
One out break of 2014 happened on October 23 in Mali. There were 8 cases, and
6 death

Another one happened on March in Guinea. There were 2,416 cases and 1,525 deaths

The Third outbreak was in Liberia, 7,790 cases and 3,290 deaths

The fourth one occurred in Sierra Leone, on the first of April, there were a total of 8,356 cases and 2,085

In the year of 1976 the Democratic Republic of Congo had 318 cases and
280 deaths

Another outbreak in the year of 1976 was in Sudan. Sudan had 284 cases and 151 deaths

The year after 1976 (1977) had a very small outbreak ,it was in the Democratic Republic of Congo. There was only 1 death and 1 cases

Two years later (1979) Sudan got 34 cases and 22 deaths

Ebola Hemorrhagic Fever was first discovered in 1976 following outbreaks in Sudan and Zaire (Democratic Republic of Congo) in Africa. During the first outbreak the virus in Sudan infected over 285 people with a mortality rate of 53%, but in Zaire the virus infected 318 people with a mortality rate of 88%. As scientist were researching they discovered five different viruses and they all belong to the Ebola family. The virus' are Sudan Ebola virus, Zaire Ebola virus, Bundibugyo Ebola virus, Reston Ebola virus, and Côte d’Ivoire or Taï Forest Ebola virus.

First to confirm s/he has an infection you have to do a blood test
If they are infected then they get isolated
The patient needs to get medicine that will make the symptoms less painful
There's not yet a vaccine or cure for Ebola yet

Works Cited
By: Luma Makawi
Breman, Joel G., and Karl M. Johnson. "Ebola Then and Now — NEJM." New England Journal of Medicine. Copyright © 2014 Massachusetts Medical Society., 10 Sept. 2014. Web. 11 Dec. 2014. <>.
CDC Global. Checking for Fever. Digital image. Flickr. Yahoo, 16 Sept. 2014. Web. 28 Jan. 2015. <>.
DFID. Safety gear to provide maximum protection from Ebola. Digital image. Flickr. Yahoo, 17 Nov. 2014. Web. 28 Jan. 2015. <>.
"Ebola." Ebola. © International SOS 2015 © Control Risks 2015, 9 Jan. 2015. Web. 09 Jan. 2015. <>.
"Ebola Haemorrhagic Fever in Zaire, 1976." Bulletin of the World Health Organization. U.S. National Library of Medicine, n.d. Web. 31 Dec. 1969. <>.
"Ebola Virus." - MicrobeWiki. N.p., 15 Oct. 2014. Web. 04 Jan. 2015. <>.
"Ebola Virus Disease." WHO. © Copyright World Health Organization (WHO), Sept. 2014. Web. 04 Jan. 2015. <>.
Fahey, Lucy. Ebola Transmission Illustration. Digital image. ABC. © 2014 ABC, 9 Oct. 2014. Web. 28 Jan. 2015. <>.
Gholipour, Bahar. "1976 Ebola Outbreak's Lesson: Behaviors Must Change." LiveScience. TechMedia Network, 06 Oct. 2014. Web. 12 Dec. 2014. <>.
Goldsmith, Cynthia. Ebola virus virion. Digital image. Wikimedia Commans. Centers for Disease Control and Prevention, 22 Dec. 2014. Web. 25 Jan. 2015. <>.
"Google." Google. N.p., 06 Jan. 2015. Web. 06 Jan. 2015. <>.
Linshi, Jack. "This Map Will Show You Every Ebola Outbreak in History." Time. Time, 3 Nov. 2014. Web. 08 Jan. 2015. <>.
Martiner. "Chronology of Ebola Virus Disease Outbreaks, 1976-2014." Chronology of Ebola Virus Disease Outbreaks, 1976-2014. © 2011, 15 Dec. 2014. Web. 05 Jan. 2015. <>.
R, Leopoldo Martin. 2014 Ebola Outbreak Time line. Digital image. Wikimedia Commans. N.p., 29 Apr. 2014. Web. 28 Jan. 2015. <>.
"The Role of Hygiene in the Ebola Virus Disease Outbreak." The Role of Hygiene in the Ebola Virus Disease Outbreak. © Copyright 2012 Unilever, n.d. Web. 08 Jan. 2015. <>.
"Safety and Health Topics | Ebola - Background." Safety and Health Topics | Ebola - Background. N.p., n.d. Web. 08 Jan. 2015. <>.
Tara. "Brief General History of Ebola." Brief Ebola General History. ©1999 Tara Waterman, n.d. Web. 10 Dec. 2014. <>.
"Transmission." Centers for Disease Control and Prevention. Centers for Disease Control and Prevention, 08 Dec. 2014. Web. 02 Jan. 2015. <>.
US Army Africa. Operation United Assistance News Conference. Digital image. Flickr. Yahoo, 03 Oct. 2013. Web. 29 Jan. 2015. <>.
Zorecchi. Map of outbreaks of the Ebola virus in Africa by strain and confirmed contractions. Digital image. Wikimedia Commons. N.p., 10 Oct. 2014. Web. 28 Jan. 2015. <>.
Long Bibliography
My Name
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