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Transcript of WhyStudyHistory?
-The Great Depression vs the current "economic crisis"
-Industrial revolution vs Digital age. We are told by Philosopher George Santayana that “Those who cannot remember the past are condemned to repeat it.” It seems like those who know history are also doomed to repeat it. History tends to run in cycles and is repeated endlessly by those who know history and by those who don't. A few examples include... -Nations sink into totalitarianism even though people know history.
- WWII followed WWI even though all the combatants knew history.
- Even Adolf Hitler made the same mistake as Napoleon while trying to dominate Europe. It seems as though we don’t pay our past mistakes enough attention as they are constantly reoccurring in the present time. History is who we are and why we are the way we are. Can we name someone or some group that avoided repeating history because they 'knew' history?
By what mechanism does knowing history stop the experience of repeating it? It gives us a sense of identity. “A nation without an idea of history is like a person without a memory. A victim of amnesia who is lost the remembrance of things past and is incapable of acting in the present or of planning for the future.”
–David Hackett Fischer -History tells us human behavior can never be fully understood. -What we know focuses on universal principles. -It enriches our understanding of human nature. What is History? ??? The study of past events, particularly in human affairs.
The past considered as a whole. "History is not the story of heroes entirely. It is often the story of cruelty and injustice and shortsightedness. There are monsters, there is evil, there is betrayal. That's why people should read Shakespeare and Dickens as well as history ~~ they will find the best, the worst, the height of noble attainment and the depths of depravity." James R Mcullough We need to know our history based on the curiosity of knowing where we come from. Especially giving recognition to those individuals who changed the way we live, positively and negatively. A few positive influences that have made the History books are: Jesus Christ (c.5BC - 30AD) Spiritual Teacher, central figure of Christianity. Martin Luther King (1929 - 1968)
Non-violent civil rights leader. Nelson Mandela (1918 - ) Anti-apartheid leader. First President of democratic South Africa in 1994. And a few negative influences are: Adolf Hitler (1889 - 1945) Dictator of Nazi Germany. Osama Bin Laden (1957-2011)
World Trade Center and Al Qaeda George Bush (1946 - Present)
43rd US President History is also a guide to understand or reconstruct periods of the past. As an example the American views on WWII are quite different than the Russians. “No matter how big the lie; repeat it often enough and the masses will regard it as the truth.”
― John F. Kennedy History shows that war is inevitable, or that different races are unable to live together in harmony. That women are weak and useless. That being in power gains you respect. It is a necessity for us to study history because it tells us about our ancestors, their lifestyle, culture, customs and traditions, beliefs, and their political and social systems as well. You need to know the past in order to understand the future as history is the collective memory of mankind. something to ponder Self-realizing expectations: things that we know cannot be changed therefore we do not even attempt to change them. The problem with such beliefs is that they can easily become self-realizing expectations. Abolition of slavery, the emancipation of women, and the birth of the United Nations. These changes would never have come about if people had seen themselves as the victims of history. However, the course of history gives us hope rather than despair because it tells us that the future does not have to be like the past. History contributes to moral understanding. As a society it is our job to remember how previous societies have responded to crisis and defended themselves. There is a reason behind our rising society. History allows us to learn from our mistakes such as other fallen societies. Empathy is a big part of history as well. Empathy: the intellectual identification with or vicarious experiencing of the feelings, thoughts, or attitudes of another. We can compare the lives of others to our own. Such as: Anne Frank (1929-1945) Differing Viewpoints. History is da bomb. Technically there have been recorded victories but no one has ever really won a war. In the words of historian Steven Pinker "Instead of asking, "Why is there war?" we might ask, "Why is there peace?" Also said in a previous slide History teaches us that war is inevitable. We have learned that violence is indeed effective but not the answer for everything as well as its appalling nature. Hence the more peaceful way we live today. Also now we have enforced laws we must abide by. By studying history we can be better prepared to face the challenges of today, tomorrow. Although history is usually told by the victors, it is also about ordinary people. Every single one of us makes history. How can we ever improve if we don't know where the people before us left off? So why should we study history? http://teachertube.com/viewVideo.php?video_id=191139 Howard Zinn said "More important than who sits in the white house is who sits outside of it." Our world is constantly evolving. To be apart of it is something truly spectacular. The question shouldn't be why we should study history. It should be why we should learn from it and be apart of it.