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Impact of language and globalization have had in the Dominican Community

Silvia Ochoa Benitez

on 21 April 2014

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The Dominican Republic shares the Island with Haiti.
Nation of about 5.5 million people.
It's main revenue come from the money sent home from Dominicans in the U.S., the sugar Industry and the tourist.
Capital is Santo Domingo
The official language is Spanish, but English is increasing.( mostly the people that work with tourist).
95% of the population is Roman Catholic but there are a few Protestant, Jewish, and Afro-Christian.
The population of the nation is diverse with Haitians, Europeans, Middle Eastern, Chinese merchants and others immigrants from it's neighbors from the Caribbean.
General Information
Late in the 15th and early 16th century they were colonized.
Taino indigenes were the previous inhabitants of Santo Domingo were destroyed due to the diseases, weapons, and enslavement that the spanish brought with them.
The new inhabitants of Santo Domingo were Spanish, Spanish creoles and African and African-descended slaves.
In the 18th century Saint Dominique generated great wealth to the British and French that work that land because it become a center for sugar production.
Colonized By Spain
It wasn't until the 19th century that the west became aware of Saint Dominique.
The U.S. invaded Saint Dominique twice, the first time from 1916-1924 and then once again in 1965.
In the second invasion is when the first launch of Dominican migrated to the U.S. because the Dominican Republic was going through political instability.
In the years Between 1981-1990 the number of Dominican migrants rose to higher than the number of Cubans or any other migrants from Latin America or the Caribbean.
According to the 1990 census 86.3% of the Dominicans settled either New York, New Jersey, Florida or in Massachusetts.
In the late 90's the Dominican population in NYC was the second largest and was considered to be the biggest and fastest growing immigrant population in the city of the Hispanic group.
considered to be one of the largest migratory "booms" of the 20th century for the Hispanic/Latino community
Dominicans make up the largest ethnic group in the United States
Dominicans in NYC
Relation with United States
The Dominican Republic has had a relationship with the U.S. for a while, so they are aware of American culture, and it's citizens.
U.S. shows and movies are televised regularly in the Dominican Republic.
Baseball is the Dominican sport and Baseball is American's pastime.
The relationship with Dominicans and Americans is not simple nor completely positive.
Many Dominicans are discriminated just like African Americans.
Dominicans tend to resist assimilation in America and when they go back home they are mock if they say or do something that is "American" and that a Dominican living on the Island wouldn't do.
Most Dominicans don't entirely leave their country or culture behind of their native land nor do they completely adopt the American culture
The style of living, and the manners of Dominicans are looked upon by the upper class as "tasteless and revolting" which could cause the Dominican's to assimilate with the American manners and behavior.
Gender roles have changed because of migration.
Although they kept the traditions and culture of the Dominican Republic they have embraced some of the American holidays.
It is located in the Caribbean sea.
They take great pride in being Dominican.
Family always comes first before anything else, family loyalty is very important.
The oldest male in the family is the head of the family and is the one that makes the decisions.
Merengue is the national dance.
Some holidays are Duarte day, carnival in February along with independence day, Easter and festival of the bulls.
Most Dominicans settle in Washington Heights because they have family or friends that live there.
The 2nd area most populated in NY is the Bronx.
It has become a Dominicans community which contains a little bit of home, music, food, and of course the people.
Dominicans adults never fully adapt there is always that feeling of thinking the DR is (mi pais) my country while the U.S. is (este pais) this country.
They hold a tighter stronger bound with their native land than with the U.S.
Although some might not travel to DR or belong to associations of the Dominican Republic they hold the strong identity of being Dominican.
Second Generation
The second generations or some Dominicans that come at a young age tend to adapt and absorb the American culture more.
They Still maintain the identity of being Dominican to distinguish themselves from African American and build a connection with other Hispanics.
They connect with Dominican Republic with the language, food, religion, and music but have embraced American culture as well in terms of the way they dress, music, and language.
Are more educated than the first generation due to higher incomes and professional occupations.
Education System
Primary: basic primary Years: 9
Middle: intermediate 2
Secondary: high school 4
Secondary: secondary teacher,polytechnics 6
Tertiary: university/college level
Education depends heavily on wealth and very few get to complete the 4 years of secondary schooling.
Transnational Community
The Dominican community is a transnational community they belong to two places.
ESL programs is design to teach them English, how to become American and how to adjust to the new culture.
They have economic, political, social, cultural, linguistic and educational bond between both countries,
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