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New Zealand

The history, culture, geography , government, travel advisory and kiwi's stuff from New Zealand

Zina Villanueva

on 15 January 2016

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Transcript of New Zealand


It is the
Spain's Antipodes!

And because....
Geographical aspects!
There are presently around 9
sheeps to every 1 human
in New Zealand!

Government facts!
Cultural & historical aspects
Cultural facts!
New Zealand was first discovered by Europeans in 1642 when Dutch sailor Abel Tasman arrived. He left New Zealand after several of his crew were killed by Māoris, and it was not until 1769 that English Captain James Cook arrived and mapped the land.
Travel advisory
People and society
Kiwi's stuff ...
New Zealand is also known as...
"The land of the long white cloud"
Geographical facts!
New Zealand is one of the only three countries that have two official national Anthems. The first is God Save the Queen and the other is God Defend New Zealand.
It was the First country to have its three top positions of power held simultaneously by women: The Prime Minister (Helen Clark), the Governor General (Dame Silvia Cartwright), and the Chief Justice (Sian Elias).
New Zealand was the first major nation to have universal suffrage. In 1893 it became legal for all male and female citizens of New Zealand to vote, and also.
New Zealand does not have any dangerous or poisonous animals (with the one tiny exception of the Katipo Spider).
The most popular music group is....
Crowded House
Dangerous facts!
Does it ring the bell?

Bungee jumping

All Blacks
vs. Pakeha
Maori culture
The Māori are the indigenous Polynesian people of New Zealand.
They arrived in New Zealand at some time between 1250 and 1300.
Australian and British citizens do not need a visa and many other countries are covered under the Visa Waiver Program for tourists. Travelers from 57 nations currently do not require a visa if coming on vacation and planning to stay less than three months. This includes the US, Canada, Germany, Switzerland, Japan, Netherlands, Spain to mention a few

Depending on your interests and the activities you want to take part in during your stay...


Summer: December - February
Autumn/Fall: March – May
Winter: June - August
Spring: September-November
Typical Gastronomy
Since the first “Lord of the Rings” movie was released, more than 250,000 people have visited Hobbiton.
Bungee jumping
in the Kawaru Bridge (Queenstown)
through incredible mountains (Tongariro)
Glacier climbing
(Weast Coast)
- Black water
in Waitomo
in Whale Bay Beach
in the South (Queenstown, Wanaka and Cardrona)
Whale watching
in Kaikoura
Wine growing
tours (10 regions)
- Cathedral Cove and Hotwater Beach
- Bay of Islands
- East Cape
- Wellington
- Abel Tasman National Park
Stewart Island
Parliamentary democracy
Constitutional monarchy
Elisabeth II (1952)
The head of state of New Zealand is the Queen.
The Queen is represented by the Governor-General
Sir. Jerry Mateparae
The governor-general acts as the Queen's vice-regal representative in New Zealand and is often viewed as the de facto head of state
since 21 August 2011
New Flag of the Governor-General of New Zealand
John Key (National Party
since 19 November 2008
The P.M. of New Zealand is New Zealand's head of government consequent on being the leader of the party or coalition with majority support in the Parliament of New Zealand.
Formally, they are appointed and can be dismissed by the Governor-General of New Zealand.
Consists of the Queen of New Zealand and the New Zealand House of Representatives.

The House of Representatives is often referred to as "Parliament". The New Zealand Parliament is unicameral. The House of Representatives has about 121 members. Parliamentary elections are held every three years according to proportional representation.
Parliament House, Wellington, New Zealand
Its royal blue background represents the blue sea and sky surrounding them
The stars of the Southern Cross signify their place in the South Pacific Ocean
The Union Flag recognizes their historical foundations and that New Zealand was once a British colony and dominion.
The New Zealand Flag is New Zealand’s national symbol.
Paheka culture
British explorer James Cook began to explore the coastline in 1769.
The first quadrant depicts the four stars on the flag of New Zealand
New Zealand became a British colony in 1840 after signing a treaty with the Māori.
The Māori protested, and soon The Māori Wars began (1845 – 72).
The third depicts a sheaf of wheat for agriculture
The second quadrant depicts a golden fleece, representing the nation's farming industry;
The fourth quadrant depicts crossed hammers for mining.
The central pale depicts three galleys, representing New Zealand's maritime nature and also the Cook Strait.
Pakeha is a Māori language term for New Zealanders who are "of European descent".
The Dexter supporter is a European woman carrying the flag of New Zealand
The Sinister supporter is a Maori Warrior holding a Taiaha(Fighting weapon) and wearing a Kaitaka (flax cloak).
The Shield is the Crown of St. Edward, the Monarch of New Zealand's Crown.
Two fern branches
The Maori Wars
The cause was the usual tension between land-hungry settlers and the natives, compounded by the British assumption that they had acquired full sovereignty over the Māori by the Treaty of Waitingi in 1840, and the Māori conviction that their autonomy persisted.
Maoritanga is the native language.
The present Māori population is around 526.000 or 14% of the population.
The constitution of New Zealand consists of a collection of statutes (Acts of Parliament), Treaties, Orders in Council, letters patent, decisions of the Courts and unwritten constitutional conventions.

As with the United Kingdom, there is no one supreme document; the New Zealand constitution is not codified or, with the exception of certain electoral law, formally entrenched.
Modern Society
The country was culturally isolated from the rest of the world.
Most homes did not have television and the tourism was not frequent.
By the 1990s until today New Zealand is just as modern and consumer-oriented as any other Westernized nation. Social issues facing the country include increasing rates of unemployment and crime.
New Zealanders
Their isolated South Pacific location and rugged landscapes makes many New Zealanders...

With a famous ‘Kiwi ingenuity’
Genius for invention
As a result of a low population density and spectacular scenery, make new Zealanders...
Love outdoor activities like Hiking, mountaineering, and kayaking.
Many new Zealanders...
- Live in single-family houses with a plot of land.
- Live in the cities : Auckland, Wellington Hamilton and Christchurch.
- Take pride in their healthy, active way of life leisure activities include beach swimming, fishing, skiing, and hiking.
Famous people
Edmund Hillary
Mountain climber.
First man to conquer Mt Everest
Ernest Rutherford
Famous for splitting the atom and
pioneering nuclear science.
Russell Crowe
Movies include The Gladiator
and Les Misérables
Peter Jackson
Film director. Films include King Kong
and the 'Lord of the Rings' trilogy.
About half all New Zealanders
give Christianity as their religion.
The largest denominations are:
- Anglican
- Catholic
- Presbyterian
New religions
Recent immigrants have given
other religions a stronger foothold.
By 2010 there were more than
50,000 Hindus and Buddhists
and more than 35,000 Muslims
Māori religions
Two indigenous Māori religions draw on
elements of Christianity.
The larger, Rātana, was founded
by a 20th-century faith-healer
and the other, Ringatū,
by a 19th-century prophet.
Free from ages 5 to 19 and compulsory from ages 6 to 16.
One quarter of New Zealanders aged 15 or over has no educational qualification, while one in eight of the population holds a university degree.
Some young Māori continue their education in kura kaupapa Māori (schools in which Māori language is used and the education is based on Māori culture and values)
National Immigration
After the Second World War, more and more people moved to the cities, half of the population are concentrated in just four cities:
Auckland, Hamilton, Wellington and Christchurch
In the 1970s, large numbers of Pacific Island immigrants settled in New Zealand, followed in the 80s and 90s by Asians, Europeans, and many others.
The 80% of New Zealand people has European origins (from England, Ireland and Scotland)
About native (indigenous) people: 526.000 Maori people live in New Zealand (90% of them in North Island)
Auckland, Chirstchurch and Wellington are considered cosmopolitan cities because there are many people from all over the world living there.
Origins of population
Population and origins
Population: 4.405.200 (year 2012) Area/Space: 268.680km2

New Zealand is formed by two islands that are the two main regions of the country:

North Island

South Island

-Auckland, Chirstchurch and Wellington are considered cosmopolitan cities because there are people from all over the world living there.
The main cities
The main cities in terms of population of New Zealand are:

Wellington: Capital of New Zealand
Climate and weather
New Zealand has a temperate climate with moderately high rainfall and many hours of sunshine. While the far north has subtropical weather during summer, and inland alpine areas of the South Island can be as cold as -10°C (14°F) in winter, most of the country lives close to the coast, which means mild temperatures.

The New Zealand dollar is the currency of New Zealand, Cook Islands, Niue, Tokelau and Pitcairn Islands. It is divided into 100 cents.
- 3 official languages in New Zealand: English, Māori and New Zealand sign language.

is the most widely spoken language in New Zealand.

Māori and New Zealand Sign languages
have been formally designated as ‘official languages’ and have special status under the law.

We can find other indigenous languages in New Zealand (more than a hundred), for instance: Samoan or Tongan.
Hei te wã tīïtoki!
See you soon!
New Zealand animals
the flightless bird
They have no external eardrum.They have round (not slit) eyes.They don't croak regularly like most frogs.They don't have a tadpole stage.
Maud frog
Tuatara once lived throughout the mainland of New Zealand but have survived in the wild only on 32 offshore islands.
It is the native land predator.
Are a plague at
New Zealand.
European settlers came from England, Ireland and Scotland.
In NZ you will hear the word
quite a lot, one of its uses is a slang term
for a New Zealander
it's also called
$ or NZ$
Laia Borrás
Cristina Casas
Judit Godall
Núria Langreo
Laura Pérez
Zina Villanueva
Full transcript