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Bruno Latour

Key Thinker
by

Andres Perez Zapata

on 31 January 2013

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Transcript of Bruno Latour

Biographical Details and Theoretical Context

1947
Born in Beaune, France.
He was educated in the province of
Dijon rather than Paris.
1970
Interested in the anthropology of
knowledge 'epistemology'.
1973
Neuroendocrinologist
1975
Doctoral in ethnographic study
1979
Laboratory Life: The social construction of scientific facts
1984
Actor-Network-Theory: Society as consisting of Network of individuals and objects acting and being acted for a particular cause. Bruno Latour Reassembling the social
Introduction to Actor-Network-Theory
ANT '...redefining sociology not as the ‘science of the social’, but as the tracing of associations,

a type of connection between things that are not themselves social.' (p.15) 'social forces'

An intermediary, is what transports meaning or force without transformation: defining its inputs is enough to define its outputs.

Mediators, on the other hand, cannot be counted as just one; they might count for one, for nothing, for several, or for infinity. Their input is never a good predictor of their output; their specificity has to be taken into account every time. (p.49) Who was an influence on Bruno Latour?
While performing military service in Côte d´Ivoire, became interested in anthropology working for the Institut Francais de Recherce Scientifique pour le dévelopement en Coopération.
Early 1970 became interested in anthropology
1973 he met Roger Guillemen, a French neuroendocrinologist working at the Salk Institute for Biological Studies in California. With funding from Fullbright and NATO.
He receive his doctorate in philosophy in 1975 from the University of Tours. His dissertation work was on Charles Péguy, the Catholic socialist poet and essayist.
1975 he undertook an ethnographic study co-authored with the sociologist Steve Woolgar.
1979 Laboratory Life: The Social Construction of Scientific Facts. This book launched Latour into the growing field science and technology studies (STS).
That had been founded in Britain by Woolgar and other including Harry Collins, David Edge and Michael Mulkay.
1980 he became interested in the historical relationships of science, technology, and society.
1988 Actor Network Theory source: Book
Reassembling the Social
An Introduction to Actor-Network-Theory
Bruno Latour
Published in the United States
by Oxford University Press Inc., New York
Bruno Latour 2005
First published 2005 socio_economics
socio_spatial
socio_politics
socio_cultural
social_capital
social_infrastructure
social_network
social_movements
social_phenomenon
social_development '...To redefine the notion of social
by going back to its original meaning
and
making it able to trace connections again.' (p.11) source: www.bruno-latour.fr source: maps.google.com 'Using a slogan from ANT, you have ‘to follow the actors themselves’, that is try to catch up with their often wild innovations in order to learn from them what the collective existence has become in their hands, which methods they have elaborated to make it fit together, which accounts could best define the new associations that they have been forced to establish' (p.22) 'ACTION_
is not done under the full
control of consciousness'



'FIGURATION_
exists more figures than
anthropomorphic ones'
(p.65) 2 types of phenomena:

Local_
Face-to-face, naked, unequipped and dynamic interactions

Specific force_
To explain why those temporary face-to-face interactions could become far reaching and durable.
(p.75) social action objects
express_ power relations
symbolize_ social hierarchies
reinforce_ social inequalities
reify (materialize)_ gender relations
(p.82) social connection Reassembling new types of actors mumbai_ case study
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