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Chapter 2-4

Birth of a Democratic Nation


on 23 August 2012

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Transcript of Chapter 2-4

The Birth of a
Democratic Nation Chapter 2-4 Get ready for notes Colonial
Resistance The British are too busy to pay attention Britain is too far away to take care of any
colonial problems Salutary Neglect What could happen if you leave a
baby alone on a bed? -George III took the throne of England in 1760

-Adopted policy of Mercantilism

-Mercantilism is the theory that a country’s power depends on its wealth

-A Nation must sell more goods to other countries than it buys

-Favorable balance of trade – more exports than imports Navigation Acts of the 1660's Mercantilism -Series of laws passed to enforce mercantilism
-All goods must ship from the colonies on British ships
-Colonists could only buy goods from the British
-Colonists could only sell goods to the British
-Colonists could not manufacture final products
-Could only ship raw materials Growing Tensions -French and the British fought in Europe to gain control.
-Fighting eventually spilled over to America
-French and Indian War
-Albany Plan -1754 – conference in New York
-Committee led by Ben Franklin
-Proposed that the colonies should unite for protection
-Create a Federal Union – rejected by the committee 1754 – 1763
French and British fight over control of American territory
Fought over the territory of the Ohio River
French built Fort Duquesne at the forks of the Ohio River
British sent troops from Virgina
Led by George Washington
British built Fort Necessity
French attacked and defeated Washington Native Americans sided with the French
French promised to get rid of British
Give the land back to Native Americans
Native Americans gave the French an advantage
-Knew the land better
-Surprise attacks Colonial Disadvantages Colonies were not united – no common defense
Albany Plan was good, but colonies would not support it.
1758 – William Pitt (British) sent massive troops
Pushed French back into Canada
Fort Duquesne renamed Fort Pitt (Pittsburgh)
Iroquois Indians switched sides – choosing the new winner Treaty of Paris 1763
Britain won the war
France had to give all of Canada to Britain
Now only Great Britain and Spain occupied North America Proclamation of 1763 Forbid settlers from settling West of the Appalachians
Farmers were angry
Intended to protect settlers from Indians
Restricted settlers boundaries Problems with the Proclamation Problems with the Proclamation British did not understand the needs of the colonists
British could not enforce this proclamation
Troops stayed in the colonies left over from the war
British wanted the colonists to pay for the troops Quartering Act 1765 Made colonists pay to house soldiers, provide quarters, provide food and supplies
Eventually results in the 3rd amendment to the Constitution Sugar Act – Molasses Act British realized that sugar was being smuggled
Wanted Smugglers punished in British Courts
Started taxing other items Activity

Take the role of a colonial merchant directly affected by the king's policy of mercantilism.

Write a 1 page letter to the king describing how you have been hurt by the policies.

Also include information regarding possible outcomes of the policy if it continues. Required all colonists to have a stamp on all documents and paper products
Had to buy the stamps – colonists refused
Colonists began to boycott British goods Defiance No Taxation without representation!
Patrick Henry – pointed out that representatives from the colonies were not allowed to vote or participate in Britain's Parliament
Formed the Stamp Act Congress Stamp Act Congress Formed in October 1765 in New York city
Representatives of each colony were present
Sent a request to King George demanding that the Stamp Act and Sugar Act be repealed.
Sons of Liberty formed – willing to create violent uprisings against the taxes.
Daughters of Liberty – organized the boycotts against British goods. Fear of the uprisings caused the British to repeal the Stamp Act
Passed the Declaratory Acts the same day
Declared Parliament could make laws to bind the colonies and people of America in all cases
Could pass any taxes for any purpose. Townshend Acts Passed by Parliament in 1767
Taxed goods before they were sold
Manufactured goods, lead, paint, glass
Hurt merchants
British customs officials could do anything necessary to find smugglers.
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