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02.10 Medieval Europe and Japan - Module Project
Transcript of 02.10 Medieval Europe and Japan - Module Project
Both Religion and Economics played a vast part in the progress of Medieval Europe. These two things really influenced the progress of Europe since religion and tradition was very important; trade and economy was a huge part of success. Religion was the core foundation of war throughout this time, contrasting Japan, but ended with a great outcome: These wars were mainly over Jerusalem and the Holy Land, lasting over 200 years. They carried additional control to the church and released the pilgrimage routes, accumulating trade and the usage of coin exchange. This led to the growth of medieval Europe, which took a significant change on the economy and would sooner or later lead to five centuries of Europe’s economic and cultural control.The feudal system in medieval Europe transformed after the crusades had ended. Europe added more emphasis on trade and “maintaining urbanization”. It attracted in more merchants and artisans and added another step in the pyramid of social hierarchy, the middle class; peasants more of an opportunity of moving up the pyramid. This is a piece from the Magna Carta; a certified document the King signed giving precise privileges to the people in Europe. The Magna Carta is comparable to the Bill of Rights and Constitution because of those with a lot more power giving it to the people and granting their rights.
There are many differences within the growth of Medieval Europe and Japan; they do share three particular important factors, are Culture, Religion, and Economy. They both shaped both countries into what they now are today.
02.10 Medieval Europe and Japan - Module Project
1.) How did religion influence the Magna Carta?
Religion was a big influence on the Magna Carta. The church basically made the Magna Carta. The church was very important in this time kind of like how we have a president now.
2.) How did the Magna Carta limit the power of King John?
The limited a lot of power to King John, before he could tax money to people for stupid reasons like getting himself a new crown that matched his bedroom. And he even taxed people without it being approved by the court. The Magna Carta prevented him from taking advantage of his power.
3.) How did the Magna Carta lay the foundation for democracy?
The Magna Carta constructed the foundation for democracy by the jury setting their foot down and making people stand before a judge before being called guilty.
1.) How much influence do you think pastors had on society during the middle Ages in Europe? Explain.
I think pastors had a huge influence on society in Europe because remember back in the Middle Ages whatever the church said, it goes.
2.) What is the mixed life?
A mixed life is where the preacher assistants or the priest teach and govern them on how to live in their bodies and their souls.
3.) To lead the mixed life, do you think a prelate or pastor would spend time in a monastery? Explain.
Yes because the pastors need their own teaching to pass it on and on. They will also need time to practice what they preach.
1.) Do you think the social standing of merchants during the Middle Ages helped or hurt the economy? Explain.
I believe that the social standings for merchants helped the economy because they weren't in the loop of the exchange of land services. This helped because if the merchants were in the ''loop'', every block you turn would have been their carts.
2.) Do you think church officials had a large amount of influence in the feudal system? Explain.
Yes because in these few lessons it stated that the church was the big dogs. The church is also almost at the top of the pyramid, they must have had something to do with that.
3.) In the feudal system, do you think knights ever felt conflicting loyalties? Explain.
Yes because they might of thought they were being used only for their army skills.
1.) Do you think the social standing of merchants in feudal Japan helped or hurt the economy? Explain.
I believe that the standing of merchants in feudal Japan helped the economy by keeping their power limited; also because they really didn't produce any goods that the society wanted or needed.
2.) How is feudalism in Japan similar to the feudalism in Europe? How is it different?
The feudalism in Japan is similar to the feudalism in Europe by everyone having certain goals in their life already planned out for them from their family heritage. They are different by in many ways like in Europe the Magna Carta was made their king doesn't take advantage of is power. In Europe the church and the people have a decent amount of power. In Japan the landowners or daimyos had most power.
3.) Do you think feudalism in Japan helped to unify the country? Explain.
Yes because in this country everything was distributed evenly and there wasn't really any big issues in the order of class everyone is placed in, except that people did complain some about there not being a "middle class".
Unlike Europe, in Japan Religion wasn't obligatory. Many of the battles they encountered had to do with wealth and power. Later the Japanese discovered Zen, a practice which was more concentrated on a personal involvement and clarification. It displayed a general awareness in Japan as well as culture and arts. Because of the Mongol invasions, Japanese didn't want anything to do with the Chinese and were on such corrupt terms that Japan became isolated. After the Ashikaga period, Japan had a great amount of goods and trade. In the long run, they ended on good terms yet again. More than a few people transformed to Christianity to have an escalation in trade but it was eventually put an end to it and over time Japan, then again, became isolated. Feudalism in Japan was precisely comparable to Medieval Europe, but still there were differences. The top three parts of the pyramid were practically the same; the lower part was different. Japan elevated the status of the peasants higher than the merchants because peasants were in charge of the development of their food and essential goods.