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Carl Sandburg

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Holly Situ

on 5 June 2014

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Transcript of Carl Sandburg

Carl Sandburg By Holly Situ January 6, 1878 - July 22, 1967 Spouse:
Lilian Steichen Children:
Margret, Janet, Helga Martial Status: Married Background Carl August Sandburg was born in Galesburg on January 6, 1878. He was born the second son out of seven of Swedish immigrants August and Clara Anderson Sandburg, a blacksmith's helper near Chicago. Fam y i l Education Carl Sandburg stopped his education after his eighth grade graduation to work various jobs. He eventually became a traveling vagabond where most of his experiences influenced his writing and political views.

After serving eight months in Puerto Rico during the Spanish-American war, he enrolled in Lombard Collage. There, Carl joined the Poor Writers' Club, and the founder, professor Philip Green Wright encouraged and funded the publication of his first volume of poetry. Even though he did not receive a diploma for the four years, Sandburg received honorary degrees from Lombard, Knox College, and Northwestern University. Famous Poem: Chicago Analysis of Poem: Chicago The poem 'Chicago' begins with a list of jobs, such as hog butcher, tool maker, ect. gives the reader the assumption that the city is a working class. Next, the author tells 'you' (implying to the people of the city or the city itself) the rather crude remarks of 'they' (implies to forgeiners) are saying about the city and confirming the remarks with evidence of his own experiences.
However, the author then defends Chicago, saying how proud and hardworking the city is, how the hog butchers, tool makers, ect. are "bragging and laughing the stormy, husky, brawling laugher of Youth, half naked, sweating..." (lines 41-42) Flinging magnetic curses amid the toil of piling job on job, here is a tall bold slugger set vivid against the little soft cities;
Fierce as a dog with tongue lapping for action, cunning as a savage pitted against the wilderness,
Building, breaking, rebuilding,
Under the smoke, dust all over his mouth, laughing with white teeth,
Under the terrible burden of destiny laughing as a young man laughs,
Laughing even as an ignorant fighter laughs who has never lost a battle,
Bragging and laughing that under his wrist is the pulse, and under his ribs the heart of the people, Laughing!
Laughing the stormy, husky, brawling laughter of Youth, half-naked, sweating, proud to be Hog Butcher, Tool Maker, Stacker of Wheat, Player with Railroads and Freight Handler to the Nation. Hog Butcher for the World,
Tool Maker, Stacker of Wheat,
Player with Railroads and the Nation's Freight Handler;
Stormy, husky, brawling,
City of the Big Shoulders:
They tell me you are wicked and I believe them, for I have seen your painted women under the gas lamps luring the farm boys.
And they tell me you are crooked and I answer: Yes, it is true I have seen the gunman kill and go free to kill again.
And they tell me you are brutal and my reply is: On the faces of women and children I have seen the marks of wanton hunger.
And having answered so I turn once more to those who sneer at this my city, and I give them back the sneer and say to them:
Come and show me another city with lifted head singing so proud to be alive and coarse and strong and cunning. The poem, Chicago, doesn’t have a poetic rhyme, since it is written in free verse. The poem is written with four sections: listing jobs, answering remarks from 'them', the adjectives (line 27-31), lastly the laughing bit. The adjectives on line 27 -31 are on their own seperate lines, giving emphasis. Unique Theme & Topics Poem Structure: Chicago American culture
Comparie and contrast
Urban culture
Working Class Unique Techniques: Chicago The author uses metaphors, similes such as “fierce as a dog with tongue lapping for action, cunning as a savage pitted against the wilderness” (lines 25-26). Carl Sandburg repeats some words, for instance “And they tell me you are…” (lines 7-15) for emphasis. Also he repeats hog butcher, tool maker, stacker of wheat, player with railroads and the nation’s freight handler (lines 1 -4 and 42 - 44), the word laughing (lines 32-41) and stormy, husky, brawling (lines 5 and 41) The Shovel Man
On the street
Slung on his shoulder is a handle half way across,
Tied in a big knot on the scoop of cast iron
Are the overalls faded from sun and rain in the ditches;
Spatter of dry clay sticking yellow on his left sleeve
And a flimsy shirt open at the throat,
I know him for a shovel man,
A dago working for a dollar six bits a day
And a dark-eyed woman in the old country dreams of
him for one of the world's ready men with a pair
of fresh lips and a kiss better than all the wild
grapes that ever grew in Tuscany. THE fog comes
on little cat feet.

It sits looking
over harbor and city
on silent haunches
and then moves on. FOG I AM the people--the mob--the crowd--the mass.
Do you know that all the great work of the world is
done through me?
I am the workingman, the inventor, the maker of the
world's food and clothes.
I am the audience that witnesses history. The Napoleons
come from me and the Lincolns. They die. And
then I send forth more Napoleons and Lincolns.
I am the seed ground. I am a prairie that will stand
for much plowing. Terrible storms pass over me.
I forget. The best of me is sucked out and wasted.
I forget. Everything but Death comes to me and
makes me work and give up what I have. And I
Sometimes I growl, shake myself and spatter a few red
drops for history to remember. Then--I forget.
When I, the People, learn to remember, when I, the
People, use the lessons of yesterday and no longer
forget who robbed me last year, who played me for
a fool--then there will be no speaker in all the world
say the name: "The People," with any fleck of a
sneer in his voice or any far-off smile of derision.
The mob--the crowd--the mass--will arrive then. I am the People, the Mob
I know a Jew fish crier down on Maxwell Street with a
voice like a north wind blowing over corn stubble
in January.
He dangles herring before prospective customers evinc-
ing a joy identical with that of Pavlowa dancing.
His face is that of a man terribly glad to be selling fish,
terribly glad that God made fish, and customers to
whom he may call his wares from a pushcart. Fish Crier
The dago shovelman sits by the railroad track
Eating a noon meal of bread and bologna.
A train whirls by, and men and women at tables
Alive with red roses and yellow jonquils,
Eat steaks running with brown gravy,
Strawberries and cream, eclaires and coffee.
The dago shovelman finishes the dry bread and bologna.
Washes it down with a dipper from the water-boy,
And goes back to the second half of a ten-hour day's
Keeping the road-bed so the roses and jonquils
Shake hardly at all in the cut glass vases
Standing slender on the tables in the dining cars Child of the Romans “Time is the coin of your life. It is the only coin you have, and only you can determine how it will be spent. Be careful lest you let other people spend it for you.”
― -Carl Sandburg Biblography Carl Sandburg - Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia. (n.d.). Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia. Retrieved January 7, 2012, from http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Carl_Sandburg
Carl Sandburg Chicago Poems - table of contents. (n.d.). Carl Sandburg - Chicago Poems - Carl Sandburg Biography. Retrieved January 9, 2012, from http://carl-sandburg.com/POEMS.htm
Carl Sandburg Poems, Biography and Quotes - by American Poems . American Poems - YOUR Poetry Site . Retrieved January 7, 2012, from http://www.americanpoems.com/poets/carlsandburg
Carl Sandburg Quotes (Author of Chicago Poems). Share Book Recommendations With Your Friends, Join Book Clubs, Answer Trivia. Retrieved January 7, 2012, from http://www.goodreads.com/author/quotes/16380.Carl_Sandburg
Carl Sandburg Quotes - BrainyQuote. (n.d.). Famous Quotes at BrainyQuote. Retrieved January 8, 2012, from http://www.brainyquote.com/quotes/authors/c/carl_sandburg.html
Sandburg, C. (1990). Chicago Poems. Chicago poems (pp. 4-5). Raleigh, N.C.: Alex Catalogue.
Sandburg, C., Schoonmaker, F., & Arcella, S. (1995). Carl Sandburg. New York: Sterling Pub. Co..
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