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Somalia Imperialism

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by

Marcy Hannick

on 30 January 2014

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Transcript of Somalia Imperialism

works cited
THANKS FOR WATCHING!
tHE COLONIZATION OF Somalia
By: Olivia Conners, Sydney Hafenscher, Marcy Hannick, and Maddie Hood.
Politics
BRITAIN'S RULE
Humanitarianism
Somali youth was made to learn italian as part of their curriculum
Italian Catholic churches were built in some parts of Somalia
Also Italian Orphanages were built

Social Effects
The colonists created distorted the views of the somali people creating a universal misunderstanding of their culture.

They wrote of only the western educated Somali people, and not the original indigenous culture.
''Perhaps because of the Filonardi Company’s limited intervention in Somali affaires, there was only one notable incident of Somali hostility between 1893 and 1896. That occurred on 11 October 1893, the day the Italian flag was first raised over the Garesa in Marka. A Somali attacked and killed an Italian soldier; he in turn was killed with three shots from a ‘Wetterly’’ gun.’’ ( Lee V. Cassanelli)
Anti-humanitarianism
colonists viewed the Somali people as a subject for study
tried to create their own new and “improved” version of the Somali people
they did this solely to colonize more land and gain more power
Suez Canal
Gulf of Aden was a major asset to country
Major A. Hunter in Berbera
Ethio-Somali War (Introduction)
Started with Ogaden. Somalia had owned Ogaden for as long as Somalia had existed.
Ethiopia then gained control over Ogaden because of imperialism.
In 1969 the President of Somalia, Sharmarke was assassinated. Then the Supreme Revolutionary Council ruled Somalia from 1969-1991.


Ethio- Somali War (Cause)

After the Supreme Revolutionary Council gained power Somalia was growing very strong and Ethiopia was growing weaker.
Siyaad Barre was the president of Somalia and he saw Ethiopia growing weak.
Barre found this a good time to attack Ethiopia because they wanted to regain control over Ogaden.

Ethio-Somali War

Somalia invaded Ogaden and the soldiers made their way through the lives of the Ethiopian people and it affected them greatly.
In July of 1977 war broke out
Somalia had a strong army of 50,000 people but Ethiopia had only 24,000 soldiers with very limited weapons.
Somalia had started invading non- ethiopian lands and countries and the allies of Ethiopia felt very threatened.

Ethio-Somali War (ending)

The war lasted 8 months and 2 days

Somalia ended up retreating because they underestimated the forces of Ethiopia and its allies

Ethiopia gained their control of Ogaden again with the help of their allies.

Ethio-Somali War (effects)

Thousands of innocent people were killed during the war

Somalia lost the dream of a “unified Greater Somalia.”

Somalia didn't get the Ogaden region

The war ended up contributing to the collapse of Somalia as a state in 1990
tragedy for the people in the Horn of Africa( Somalia and regions next to Somalia)

http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Ethio-Somali_War
http://www.coldwar.org/articles/70s/SomaliaEthiopiaandTheOgadenWar1977.asp
http://countrystudies.us/somalia/22.htm
http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Abdirashid_Ali_Shermarke
http://www.google.com/url?sa=t&rct=j&q=&esrc=s&frm=1&source=web&cd=2&sqi=2&ved=0CDEQFjAB&url=http%3A%2F%2Fwww.dtic.mil%2Fcgi-bin%2FGetTRDoc%3FAD%3DADA326941&ei=ZEHoUtfrAcHCqAGvoYGYAQ&usg=AFQjCNFo-paVDRomabn9Py1YESd0lPIU6g&sig2=vB76xv8RnUNEqNZtMOcblw
http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Somalia
http://somalilandpress.com/somalilandsomaliland-success-story-42089
http://www.worldatlas.com/webimage/countrys/africa/so.htm
http://www.lonelyplanet.com/maps/africa/somalia/
http://digitalcommons.macalester.edu/cgi/viewcontent.cgi?article=1086&context=bildhaan
http://www.oxfordbibliographies.com/view/document/obo-9780199846733/obo-9780199846733-0060.xml#obo-9780199846733-0060-bibItem-0002
http://go.galegroup.com/ps/retrieve.do?sgHitCountType=None&sort=RELEVANCE&inPS=true&prodId=GVRL&userGroupName=sain37993&tabID=T003&searchId=R2&resultListType=RESULT_LIST&contentSegment=&searchType=AdvancedSearchForm&currentPosition=1&contentSet=GALE%7CCX4017200120&&docId=GALE|CX4017200120&docType=GALE#L

Economics
SOMALIA WAS RULED BY BRITAIN, FRANCE, ITALY, EGYPT, AND ETHIOPIA.
FRANCE'S RULE
Léonce Lagarde
Horn of Africa
Red Sea
Cairo to Cape Town
ITALY'S RULE
Banaadir Coast
Hobyo
Keenadiid
Majeerteen Sultanate
EGYPT'S RULE
Horn of Africa
• the Sudanese anti-Egyptian Mahdist
Coastline
Least powerful
ETHIOPIA'S RULE
Emperor Menelik II
Muslim Emirate of Harer
Ethiopia and Somalia
ALL PICTURES UPLOADED THROUGH PREZI. COM
COLONIZATION'S NEGATIVE EFFECTS ON ECONOMY
Economy was never stable from the beginning
Italian parliament put all government activity on hold until European treaties recognized Italian Claims
Damaged the Economy and the colonies as a whole
MAJOR ECONOMIC DEVELOPMENTS OF COLONIAL AREA
Establishment of Plantations
Creation of salaried middle class
Main exports created from Italian Farming systems
Expansion of Trade

THANKS
FOR
WATCHING!!
Full transcript