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Chang Jiang river 长

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Hong Lee Loo

on 13 May 2014

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Transcript of Chang Jiang river 长

China hosts the Shanghai expo
Chang Jiang river(or Yang Tze river) is located in China and is 3,915 miles (6,300 km) long - the longest river in Asia.
Chang Jiang river
Chang Jiang river
One of the special features of Chang Jiang river is the three gorges dam. It lifts the boat up through "water stairs" over the dam so that the ships can move upstream.
More about Chang Jiang river*
Three Gorges Dam
There are four waterfront towns in the South of Chang Jiang river,
Zhouzhuang Town: Kunshan City, Jiangsu Province
Luzhi Town: Wu County, Jiangsu Province
Wuzhen Town: Tongxiang City, Zhejiang Province
Xitang Town: Jiashan County, Zhejiang Province
Accomodations, buildings near Chang Jiang
Below are the cities along Chang Jiang river:

Yibin, Luzhou, Chongqing, Wanzhou, Yichang, Jingzhou, Yueyang, Wuhan, Jiujiang, Anqing, Tongling, Wuhu, Nanjing, Zhenjiang, Nantong and Shanghai
Journey of the river
The challenge in crossing the river made it often the border of kingdoms and the place of merciless battles. Several dynasties and the Republic of China (1912-1949) had their capital in Nanjing, that is when the first bridging point and a strategic location on the Changjiang.
History of Chang Jiang river
Chang Jiang river begins at the glacier of Geladandong peak on the Tanggula Mountains in Qinghai (a part of Tibetan plateau)
Upper course
Middle course
These are the other tributaries to Chang Jiang river
Lower course
Left: Yalong, Min, Tuo, Jialing, Han
Right: Wu, Yuan, Zi, Xiang, Gan, Huangpu
Every year, 500 million m of new constructions is added into the river(Chang Jiang)region
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Bibliography
Professor Guo Qing He, (Published date not available). Roadmap for RE in buildings in the Chang Jiang River Region. Reeep.com, link: http://www.reeep.org/projects/roadmap-re-buildings-changjiang-river-region.
Email: guoqinghe@zju.edu.cn

Wikipedia. Yangtze(Chang Jiang)river. (Others unknown as edit is available for everyone)

Wikipedia. The three gorges dam. (Others unknown as edit is available for everyone)

(Author unknown)Encyclopedia Britannica, (date unknown)The middle course of Yangtze(Chang Jiang) river.

Bowden, Rob. The Yangtze. Hong Kong: Hodder Wayland. 2003

Umiko Sasaki. (exact date unavailable)Plants and animals that live near the Chang Jiang river. http://traveltips.usatoday.com/plants-animals-near-yangtze-river-54931.html. (email unavailable)

(Author unavailable)Encyclopedia Britannica, (date unavailable). Human impact on Yangtze(Chang Jiang) river.
More about Chang Jiang river
Plants that live near Chang Jiang river
Animals that live in the Chang Jiang river
Man's affect on communities
These are types of animals that live by Chang Jiang river
Below are plants that commonly grow along Chang Jiang river
Chinese willow trees
Bamboo plants
Lotus blossom
Dove trees
Mother chrysanthemum
It is also argued that the accumulation of the waste (due to the project) will cause the flood levels to rise too high and cause landslides – which might be a risk for catastrophic dam failure.
The middle course of the Chang Jiang extends for approximately 630 miles (1,010 km) between the cities of Yibin in the Sichuan province and Yichang in the Hubei province.
Human uses on Chang Jiang river
About 480 million people live along Chang Jiang river basin.
Chang Jiang river ends its way to East China Sea near Shanghai
Tributaries
"It is one of the world’s most ecologically and socio-economically critical rivers for biodiversity, freshwater, and terrestrial ecosystems"*
Birds
Siberian cranes
(C)Golden eagles
Finches
Grouses
(C) Golden Swallows
Sea living animals
White flag dolphin
Giant soft-shell turtles
Chinese/(C), giant salamanders(a few)
(C) Paddle fish
Yangtze sturgeons
(C)Alligators
(C)Puffer fish
Anchovies
(C) Shad
Eels
Yellow head cat fish
Mammals
Giant panda
Mountain goats
Wolves/wolverines
Deers
Pangolins
(C)Golden Monkeys
Tibetan antelopes
Snow leopards
Red and white flying squirrels
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*
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Extracted from WWF China
http://en.wwfchina.org/en/what_we_do/living_yangtze/
Amongst these cities, Wuhan and Nanjing are capitals of provinces(provincial capitals)
These are the provinces that Chang Jiang river flow through:

Jiangsu, Zhejiang, Anhui, Hubei, Chongqing, Sichuan, Yunnan, Tibet(Xizang), Qinghai
Despite the fact, the honour of being the third longest river in the world belongs to Chang Jiang too.
Extra facts about the Three Gorges Dam
The three gorges dam is the world’s largest power station.
Some of China’s most spectacular sceneries have been lost due to the Three Gorges Dam project
The dam is gigantic, and is clearly visible from the moon. It is 7,661 feet long, close to 600 feet high and used about 510,000 tons of steel to build it – enough to build the Eiffel Tower sixty times!
The power (hydro-electricity) generated is equivalent to burning 25 million tons of crude oil or 50 million tons of coal
The reservoir helps prevent floods in a large area. It also allows huge ocean going freighters to sail into the heart of China.
There are continuous criticisms regarding the construction of Three Gorges Dam project. At least 1.24 million people had to be relocated, and some plant species have been endangered.
There are continuous criticisms regarding the construction of Three Gorges Dam project. At least 1.24 million people had to be relocated, and some plant species have been endangered.
Over 100 towns and settlements were flooded when the dam was built. In addition, over 1,000 archaeological and historic sites were also flooded and lost.
An estimation was made that the dam would cost $30 billion to complete. However, it would only take approximately 10 yrs to recover the costs fully
Approx 265 million gallons of raw sewage are deposited in the Chang Jiang river every year. Many believe that some of the sewage will be collected in the reservoir, once the dam is completed.
Eventhough the dam is able to resist a large earthquake, should it ever collapse, close to 360 million of people living downstream would be in danger!
Wuzhen waterfront town
Xitang waterfront town
Luzhi waterfront town
Zhouzhuang waterfront town
During the Spring and Autumn period of China (770-476 BC), tribes named Ba and Shu lived in the middle reaches of the river, who are now living in the Sichuan Province, Chongqing Municipality and Western Hubei Province. Whilst the Chu tribe settled in the lower reaches of Changjiang river, living today in Hubei, Hunan, Jiangxi, and Southern Anhui Provinces. In addition, the two other tribes, Wu and Yue, were living in the delta area of the river and are now in Jiangsu, Zhejiang and Shanghai.
The Changjiang river has made crucial contributions to Chinese history. Human activities had been identified by historians to occur since 2 million years ago!
The climate is made up of mainly hot summers and relatively mild winters, as the high mountains to the west protect the region from the cold north and west winds.
Measurement of annual precipitation has recorded between 40 and 60 inches (1,000 to 1,500 mm), a large part of it occurring in summer; the growing season lasts for more than six months.
In most of this segment, the river flows through hilly Sichuan province, where the lower mountains and plateaus connect the highlands of southwestern China with the Qin (Tsinling) Mountains lying between the Changjiang and Huang He (Yellow River) basins.
Since 1950, the increase of economic development in the Changjiang river basin has caused the downgrade of environmental conditions. Pollution levels have risen in the rivers and lakes. The increase of overgrazing and overcutting trees has increased silt loads and caused soil erosion in the middle and upper basins.
Land reclamation has reduced surface areas of lakes and wetlands. However, nothing has impacted the most than the three gorges dam project.
One of the vital objections and critics the project received is that it flooded one of the most scenically beautiful areas in China. Another concern is that it could affect several endangered species that live near the Chang Jiang basin. In addition, many cities and towns have been flooded by the project, forcing around 1 million civilians to relocate.
Here are ways people use Chang Jiang river for a living
Irrigation (Common crops : rice, wheat)
Water
As a transportation route
Leisure
For transporting goods(trades
War (ancient times)
Animals habitats
Fishing
How does Chang Jiang river support plants and animals
The climate along Chang Jiang river varies from very hot to very cold with diverse habitats ranging from mountains to grasslands, and swift river currents. Due to the diverse seasonal changes in the Chang Jiang River Basin, the plants and animals along the river have uniquely adapted to these climate and living environment over time.
There are approximately :
200 variety species of fish,
84 different types of mammals,
67 multiple kinds of amphibians, and
87 wide range species of reptiles
that depend on the river’s resources in order to survive. There are also many rare animals that make their home along the Chang Jiang River Basin.
Professor Guo Qing He, (Published date not available). Roadmap for RE in buildings in the Chang Jiang River Region. Reeep.com, link: http://www.reeep.org/projects/roadmap-re-buildings-changjiang-river-region.
Email: guoqinghe@zju.edu.cn
Source
Wikipedia. Yangtze(Chang Jiang)river. (Others unknown as edit is available for everyone)
source
Wikipedia. The three gorges dam. (Others unknown as edit is available for everyone)
source
(Author unknown)Encyclopedia Britannica, (date unknown)The middle course of Yangtze(Chang Jiang) river.
source
Umiko Sasaki. (exact date unavailable)Plants and animals that live near the Chang Jiang river. http://traveltips.usatoday.com/plants-animals-near-yangtze-river-54931.html. (email unavailable)
Umiko Sasaki. (exact date unavailable)Plants and animals that live near the Chang Jiang river. http://traveltips.usatoday.com/plants-animals-near-yangtze-river-54931.html. (email unavailable)
Source
Source
(Author unavailable)Encyclopedia Britannica, (date unavailable). Human impact on Yangtze(Chang Jiang) river.
Source
(Author). 1998. Human impact on ChangJiang river.(email unknown).
Source
Wikipedia. Provincial capitals in China. (Others unknown as edit is available for everyone
Source
C Michael Hogan, March 1, 2012. Picture of lower course of Yangtze river. http://www.eoearth.org/view/article/173855/. Helen Smith@wellington.com
Source
(Date and author unavailable). Living Yangtze. WWF (Online).(Email unavailable)
(Date and author unavailable). Living Yangtze. WWF (Online).(Email unavailable)
Source
Source
Umiko Sasaki. (Publish date unavailable). Plants and animals along Chang Jiang river. USA Today (online).(Email unavailable)
Source
Umiko Sasaki. (Publish date unavailable). Plants and animals along Chang Jiang river. USA Today (online).(Email unavailable)
Source
James. September 35, 2013. 10 Three Gorges Dam facts. Primary Facts (online). (Email unavailable)
Source
(Author unavailable and date unavailable as edit is available to anybody.). How is Chang Jiang used. Wikianswers (online). (email unvailable)
Source
(Author and date unavailable). Home (Yangtze River.org) > Yangtze River Culture > Yangtze River Wildlife. http://www.yangtzeriver.org/culture/yangtze-river-wildlife.htm
(Author and date unavailable). Home (Yangtze River.org) > Yangtze River Culture > Yangtze River Wildlife. http://www.yangtzeriver.org/culture/yangtze-river-wildlife.htm
Source
Source
During the 1930s and after histories of war in China, Shanghai then flourished as a commercial center between East and West (China) and became the well known financial hub of the Asia Pacific.
The Bund, City God Temple and Yu Garden as well as the extensive Lujiazui skyline and major museums including the Shanghai Museum and the China Art Museum. These places are known as the historical "showpiece" of the booming economy of mainland China.
Interesting info*
Shanghai
Expo
(Author). 1998. Human impact on ChangJiang river.(email unknown).

Wikipedia. Provincial capitals in China. (Others unknown as edit is available for everyone

C Michael Hogan, March 1, 2012. Picture of lower course of Yangtze river. http://www.eoearth.org/view/article/173855/. Helen Smith@wellington.com

(Date and author unavailable). Living Yangtze. WWF (Online).(Email unavailable)

Umiko Sasaki. (Publish date unavailable). Plants and animals along Chang Jiang river. USA Today (online).(Email unavailable)

James. September 35, 2013. 10 Three Gorges Dam facts. Primary Facts (online). (Email unavailable)

(Author unavailable and date unavailable as edit is available to anybody.). How is Chang Jiang used. Wikianswers (online). (email unvailable)

(Author and date unavailable). Home (Yangtze River.org) > Yangtze River Culture > Yangtze River Wildlife. http://www.yangtzeriver.org/culture/yangtze-river-wildlife.htm

Wikipedia. City proper. (Others unknown as edit is available for everyone)
Taken place on both banks of the Huangpu River in Shanghai, China, is where the official Shanghai Expo 2010 has occurred, from 1st May to 31 October 2010. The purpose of this is to benefit/share traditions of international fairs and expositions in a major World Expo. “Better city – Better Life” being the theme of the exposition, it signifies Shanghai’s new status in the 21st century as the “next great world city”.

The Expo emblem features the Chinese character “世” (‘World’ in Chinese. Pronunciation “Shi”) modified to represent three people together with the 2010 date. As having the largest number of participating countries, it was also being regarded as the most expensive expo in the history of the world’s fairs; The Shanghai World Expo was also the largest world’s fair site ever with the size of 5.28 km2.

By the end of the expo, a record attendance has been made – over 73 million people had visited and 246 countries and international organizations had participated. A single-day attendance record set by the expo - over 1.03 million visitors on 16 October 2010 itself!
Shanghai is located within the Chang Jiang (Yangtze) delta in East China, at the same time sitting at the mouth of the Chang Jiang (Yangtze) at the middle portion of the East Chinese coast.

By population, Shanghai is the largest city by population amongst the whole China and the largest city proper (note: according to the Wikipedia definition; “City proper” refers to “locality with legally fixed boundaries and an administratively recognized urban status that is usually characterized by some form of local government”) in the world.

With a population of more than 24 million in 2013, it is one of the four direct-controlled municipalities.

In addition, Shanghai is a global financial center and it houses a transport hub with the world’s busiest container port.
A shipping, trading town as a major administrative for centuries. Due to European recognition of its favorable port location and economic potential, Shanghai grew in importance since the 19th century.
The bund
City god temple
China exhibition hall
Expo axis
Chang Jiang river map with cities along
The Strategic Importance of the Yangtze River
Yangtze River Polluted with 33+ Billion Tons of Waste
Full transcript