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Ergonomics: Creating a Safe Workstation

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by

Logan Mosier

on 10 September 2013

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Transcript of Ergonomics: Creating a Safe Workstation

Notes
Ideas
Ideas
Ideas
Ergonomics: Creating a Safe Workstation
Conclusion
Mouse
By Logan Mosier & Owen Rupke
Having a ergonomic chair is essential for any work station as it helps prevent many health problems.
An ergonomic chair should have good lumbar support, it must be adjustable in seat height so feet rest flat on the floor, and back rest height so the mid to upper back has support, this chair should also have good stability and it should be able to suit different peoples needs. The material of the chair is also an important factor as sitting on a hard chair for long times can be hard on the back where as softer materials are much more forgiving.
Chair
Consequences of an Unergonomic Mouse
The two main consequences of having a unergonomic mouse are carpal tunnel syndrome and DeQuervain's Tenosynovitis. To lower you chance of carpal tunnel syndrome you should by change the position of your wrist frequently. The risk of getting DeQuervain's Tenosynovitis can be greatly reduced by be decreasing the amount of side to side movement with the mouse.
Consequences of an Unergonomic keyboard
The consequences of a unergonomic keyboard are that you will be less efficient at typing, you will greatly raise your chances of getting carpal tunnel syndrome and many other repetitive strain injures like Epicondylitis (pain and inflammation in the elbows)
Keyboard
There are many reasons to have a ergonomic keyboard from eliminating your chances or getting injured to being more productive. A ergonomic key board should be on an adjustable keyboard tray that is tilted so the far side of the keyboard is pointed down. the keyboard try should also have enough room for your mouse as well. You also might what to buy a split key board like the one in the picture to the right. If your keyboard has "feet" you should not use them.

Monitor
The position of your monitor is crucial when setting up a ergonomic workplace. The top of screen should be slightly below eye level and approximate 20 inches form your eyes (arms length), it must also be straight in front of you and tilted back slightly to reduce neck stress. The monitor should be away from light sources so that it dose not reflect glare into your eyes. To keep your eyes from getting too tired you should every twenty minuets look twenty feet for twenty seconds.

Definition
Design factors, as for the workplace,
intended to maximize productivity by minimizing operator fatigue and discomfort: The ergonomics of the new office were felt to be optimal.

The definition of ergonomics is :
When typing on the key board you should use a light touch as to not put force on the nerves in your fingers. You should also keep your elbows at at a angel of 90° or greater and your wrists at a neutral angle. When typing make sure to have relaxed shoulders.
It is very important to have a your mouse in a ergonomic place where it is easy for you to use and reach. Your mouse should be by your key board. You also need to make sure that the mouse is set up right for you, the mouse should fit nicely in your hand if fells to big you might want to get a smaller mouse. Also you should adjacent the controls on your mouse to fit your needs (the sensitivity,time between double clicks).
When using the mouse you should also make sure that you are holding and using it properly. You should use you elbow not your wrist to move the mouse and take breaks every 15-20min. Don't hit the buttons hard and have a light grip on the mouse when using it, also like with the keyboard keep your elbows at at a angel of 90° or greater and your wrists at a neutral angle.
If your monitor is in a unsuitable position it will greatly decrease your efficacy in your work place as it can causes great amount of strain in your neck and will also make your back uncomfortable. Having your monitor a bad position will also cause glare to go go into your eyes which can lead to eyestrain, general discomfort and possibly headaches if it is not corrected.
Consequences of an Unergonomic Monitor
Using an unergonomic chair can have many serious consequences including: giving you bad posture, hurting your back and adding a large amount of stress to your spine.

Consequences of an Unergonomic Chair
As you can see from the slide having an ergonomic work area is indubitably important for someone who need to work efficiently, comfortably and without obtaining injuries from extended periods of work.
Desk
Your desk is very a important part of your workplace it must be big enough to hold all of items and kept clean at all times. It is important to make sure that the desk fits you well in height, depth and over all size, If your desk is to small then you wont be able to fit everything you need on it, likewise if its too short or shallow it will be uncomfortable to sit under.
Consequences of an Unergonomic
Desk
There are many Consequences of having an Unergonomic desk, lower back neck and should pain being the main ones. the other nonphysical consequence is you will be less productive if you have a messy or bad fitting desk.
Sources
http://upload.wikimedia.org/wikipedia/commons/3/35/Computer_Workstation_Variables.jpg
http://www.thefreedictionary.com/ergonomic *the definition*
http://www.spine-health.com/wellness/ergonomics/office-chair-choosing-right-ergonomic-office-chair
http://www.healthycomputing.com/office/setup/index.html
http://www.ccohs.ca/oshanswers/ergonomics/office/chair.html
http://www.safetyoffice.uwaterloo.ca/hse/ergonomics/ergochair.htm
http://www.ergomat.com/global/us/furniture/why-ergonomic-chairs
http://www.healthycomputing.com/office/setup/desk/index.html

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