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Occupational Therapy Promotion Project- Jamilyn Brosemer

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Jamilyn Brosemer

on 9 April 2014

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Transcript of Occupational Therapy Promotion Project- Jamilyn Brosemer

Occupational Therapy- Jamilyn Brosemer
Who do we help?
Where can we work?
What is Occupational Therapy?
Occupation- An activity that has meaning or holds importance to an individual


Activity- something that simply occupies time.

- Does not hold personal meaning to an individual.
Occupational therapist assist
individuals with their performance
of these occupations.
Newborns->Children
Physical disabilities
Developmental disabilities
Sensory
Those that need extra assistance
Injury
Hand-eye coordination
Teens->middle aged adults:

Adult -> Geriatric Population
Aging related conditions
Stroke
Injuries
Joint replacements
Safety precautions and modifications
Dementia/Alzheimers
Schools
-For many children their occupations involve school.
-OTs can assist students with tasks including: hand writing, getting dressed(buttons/zippers)
-Depth perception(playing catch in gym class)
-Attention
-Sensory sensitivity
Hospitals
- OTs can assist children and adults after an injury or surgery.
-Post injury/surgery activities may be very difficult to perform
-Activities may need to be modified and OTs have vast knowledge on what way may be best for the patient
-Tools can be helpful
Nursing homes/ rehabilitation centers

- As we age, the occupations we love may not be as easy to perform

-Adaptive devices or modified techniques may make the activity easier and prevent further injuries.

-Safety precautions such as higher toilet seats, grab bars/railings to hold onto and non slip surfaces can help prevent further injuries
Mental health population

-Where occupational therapy originated

-Founders believed that occupations have a healing characteristic

-Designed plans to incorporate activities of daily living, ranging from self care (showering, hygiene) to proper communication and social skills
How Do Occupational Therapists Help?
Adapt/Modify
The OT and client can assess the problem together and address how we may be able to improve performance

Modify the environment (Examples: change desk/tables, wider pathways, automatic doors/ramps
Modify how the occupation/activity is performed (adaptive equipment)
Create/Promote
OTs can work with the client towards enhancing or promoting certain performance factors or behaviors. Examples may include: strength, endurance, stress handling techniques, socialization etc.
Maintain
OTs can work with the client to create supports that will help to maintain their current performance capabilities
Prevent
With certain diagnoses comes the possibility for secondary diagnoses or circumstances. As OTs we want to work on preventative measures(personal/environmental) against things that could hinder your performance
Examples: Use of good posture and body mechanics (when sitting or lifting)
Reduce risks of falling by installing handles, guard rails
Prevent further injuries while trying to recover or repair a previous injury
Establish/Restore
-An approach designed to establish a new skill or restore an ability that has been impaired in some way

Examples: education programs for seniors, energy conservation when performing daily activities to prevent fatigue, establish healthy exercise routines etc.
Examples: Bathroom environment
Within the provided picture are simple modifications that could be beneficial for someone that may have difficulty walking, standing, multitasking (showering while standing), lose balance easily etc. Many of these items would serve as modifications to make the bathroom an easier place to maneuver, but also preventative against slips/falls.
Example: School Environment
-These pictures are only a few ways that OTs can help children within a school setting.

-In many cases, the OT can adapt the child's classroom to fit their needs such as adjustable height desks or chairs with lap trays built on. Larger pencil grips, slanted desks, or even a clipboard to hold the paper more secure can be simple modifications to help the child perform.

-For those children that utilize a wheel chair, there are many ways that sports can be adapted.

-Lastly, OTs can work with children on vision therapy for perceptual difficulties including: depth perception, hand eye coordination and various eye conditions.
Example: Within the Kitchen...
OTs can assist with many adaptive techniques to still perform within the kitchen including both cooking and eating.

Stools
- Can work great to conserve energy and remain at good height to work at the counter
Carts
- Allows the individual to move food and dishes without spilling, lifting heavy objects and making multiple trips back and forth.
Pots with built in strainer
-A way to conserve energy while preventing heavy lifting that requires both hands and the possibility of spilling hot water.
Enlarged handles
- Enlarged handles or knobs are used for those with arthritis to those with spinal cord injury and stroke. A bigger surface makes it easier to grab and maneuver.
Please comment:
Did you find this information helpful?
If so, why?
Do you believe this field is connected to your occupation?
If so, how?
I see connections easily with teaching, child care, medical/health field professions
Do you think this information is beneficial to have as we age?
This presentation was geared towards those who may know a child, friend or parent that receives/received/one day will receive OT services
Spinal cord injuries and stroke are two examples of diagnoses that are happening at increasingly younger ages....
Physical/developmental disabilities
injury related conditions
concussions
Full transcript