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Julius Caesar

Latin IIIH: Who Was Who in Republican Rome?

Charles Sheu

on 24 October 2012

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Transcript of Julius Caesar

A general, a politician, a statesman, an orator and a writer Early Life Historical Portrait of By Charles Sheu 100 BCE Life Julius Caesar Born July 12, 100 BCE to wealthy patricius family Gaius Importance to Rome Increased the power and lands of Rome He led Roman Troops in Gaul, Spain, Africa, and Greece; Failed in Britain, Germany Was first to display ruling political
leader and glorious military career Led as an indomitable general mastermind A famous populares political leader He gained acceptance from populace First Triumvirate "I am off to meet an army without a leader; when I return, I shall meet a leader without an army." Caesar claims himself dictator Creates Civil War Formed with Gnaeus Pompeus (Pompey) and Marcus Licinius Crassus; Divided the state among them as long as they defended the interests of the others HIS CONQUESTS. Achievements in Gaul Victus many tribes Had many connections with Marius, the consul Gallic Wars (59 BC to 50 BC) Proconsul of Spain 61-60 BC Bibliography http://www.bbc.co.uk/history/historic_figures/caesar_julius.shtml Early Military Career-Asia, Mytilene Improved orator skills in Rhodes Gained Popularity Repealed Sullan ideas Quaestor, aedile, and pontifex maximus Flamen Dialis, or head priest of Jupiter Radical changes; favored by poor Attacked Britain in 55 and 54 New king, Commius, after the old king was sent away Battle of Alesia DOUBLED THE SIZE OF ROME Commentarii de Bello Gallico - Commentaries on the Gallic War 250,000 Relief Forces and 80,000 Gallics vs. 60,000 legions "Let us accept this as a sign from the gods, and follow where they call, in vengeance on our treacherous enemies. The die is cast." Greece First battle of Dyrrachium Vital Victory 200 Caesarians fell
8000 Pompeians fell
20000 Surrenedered Conflicts with rest of Pompeian troops Under order of King Ptolemy
Pompey was beheaded
Died 44 BCE, famously on the Ides of March. http://www.roman-empire.net/republic/laterep-index.html#ageofcaesar http://www.unrv.com/fall-republic/julius-caesar.php Picture Bibliography http://upload.wikimedia.org/wikipedia/commons/f/f5/AlesiaFortifications.JPG http://upload.wikimedia.org/wikipedia/commons/f/f5/AlesiaFortifications.JPG http://www.usu.edu/markdamen/ClasDram/images/12/19map06caesar.jpg http://www.vroma.org/~bmcmanus/caesar.html http://www.livius.org/caa-can/caesar/caesar01.html http://www.fofweb.com/NuHistory/LowerFrame.asp?ItemID=WE49&iPin=ERE0302&SingleRecord=True http://www.fofweb.com/NuHistory/LowerFrame.asp?ItemID=WE49&iPin=WML0048&SingleRecord=True http://www.fofweb.com/NuHistory/LowerFrame.asp?ItemID=WE49&iPin=WHI061&SingleRecord=True Impact Left a resounding impact on the government of Rome He got rid of the senate and took power for himself Led to the Fall of the Republic Rise of the Empire
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