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Paris

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Mazen Nawareg

on 22 February 2015

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Transcript of Paris

Pa
r
is

The
city
of
.
.
.
.
A Brief History of Paris
10 . Place de la Concorde
9.Sainte-Chapelle
8.Centre Pompidou
7.Musee d'Orsay
6.Jardin du Luxembourg
5.Sacre-Coeur
4.Notre Dame de Paris
3.Arc de Triomphe
2.Louvre
10
Top Tourist Attractions in Paris

1.Eiffel Tower
Lutecia,as Paris was then called,became Roman in 52 BC.

Lutecia was a prosperous town of about 8 000 inhabitants until 280 when Lutecia was first destroyed by Barbarians.

During the roman times,Lyon was the capital of France,then named the Gaul.

The only remarkable remains of these times are the
Roman Baths
in the Museum of Middleages and the
Lutecia Arenas
.
Roman Lutecia :
With 200 000 inhabitants in 1328, Paris,the capital of France,was the most populous city of Europe.

The Kings had their main Palace on Ile de la Cite (
Conciergerie
today) and the first fortified Louvre.

The faithfull Parisians had built
Notre-Dame
,
Sainte Chapelle
and
Saint Denis
.

The
Sorbonne
was established as a prominent university in Europe.
The Middle Ages :


With 400 000 inhabitants, Paris was the most populous city in the world. Under King Louis XIV, Paris extended herself to Le Marais and Invalides.

Louis XIV built the splendid Palace of Versailles near Paris as the testimony of his glory and power.

Paris then became the prominent European city for luxury, fashion, fine food and wine. She still is.
The XVIIth century :
Paris counted 650 000 inhabitants. The French revolution really started on July 14th with the taking of La Bastille prison (on the spot of Opera Bastille).

It lead to the fall of the monarchy in 1792,new liberties for the French people,but also tragedies such as wars,mass executions and the beheading of King Louis XVI on Place de la Concorde in 1793.
1789:


In 1866, Paris counted 1 600 000 inhabitants. The rapid rise of activity and population in Paris led Baron Haussman to undertake massive town planning between 1852 and 1870.

Paris train stations, most Paris boulevards, Bois de Boulogne and Bois de Vincennes, Opera Garnier, the completion of the Louvre Museum are part of his testimony, visible everywhere today
Haussman:
At the end of 19th century, Paris grew feverly.

The Eiffel Tower was built for 1889 World Exhibition. In 1900, metro line 1 was opened.

Most Paris metro lines were completed before World War 1.

The Sacre Coeur Basilica was built between 1876 and 1914.

Look at the dates on buildings in Paris.

Many of them were built between 1890 and 1914.
The metro:

The 1900 world exhibition left a great legacy to Paris, a city which then counted 2 600 000 people: the Orsay Museum, the Grand Palais and Petit Palais close to Champs Elysees, Pont Alexandre III.
1900 world exhibition:
Paris has further extended itself. Paris metropolitan area now counts around 12 million inhabitants.

The Centre Pompidou,La Defense business district,Charles de Gaulle Airport,the Stade de France and Quai Branly Museum are major contemporary additions to the beauty of Paris.
2012:
culture of paris

F
or centuries
,
Paris has attracted artists from around the world
,
arriving in the city
to educate themselves and to seek inspiration from its vast pool of artistic resources
and galleries
.
As a result
,
Paris has acquired a reputation as
"
the City of Art
".

I
talian artists were a profound influence on the development of art in Paris in the
16
th
and 17
th
centuries
,
particular in sculpture and reliefs
.

P
ainting and sculpture became the pride of the French monarchy and the French royals
commissioned many Parisian artists to adorn their palaces during the French Baroque
and Classicism era
.


S
culptors such as Girardon
,
Coysevox and Coustou acquired a reputation were being the
finest artists in the royal court in 17th century in France
.

P
ierre Mignard became first painter to the king during this period
.

I
n 1648
,
the Academy of Painting and Sculpture was established to accommodate for the
dramatic interest in art in the capital
.


Painting and sculpture

T
he Louvre is the world
'
s most visited art museum
,
housing many works of art
,
including the Mona Lisa
(
La Joconde
)
and the Venus de Milo statue
.

T
here are hundreds of museums in Paris
.
Works by Pablo Picasso and Auguste Rodin are founded in the Musée Picasso and the Musée Rodin
.


Museums
P
aris has attracted communities of photographers
,
and was an important centre for the development of photography
.
Numerous photographers achieved renown for their photography of Paris
,
including Eugene
Atget
.
Photography

C
ountless books and novels have been set in Paris
.


V
ictor Hugo
'
s The Hunchback of Notre Dame
,
is one of the best known
.
The book
was received so rapturously that it inspired a series of renovations of its
setting
,
the Notre-Dame de Paris
.

A
nother of Victor Hugo
'
s works
,
Les Misérables also is set in Paris
.

T
he American novelist Ernest Hemingway
,
like many other expatriate writers
,
emigrated to Paris
,
where he was introduced to such varying cultural figures as Pablo Picasso
,
Juan Gris and James Joyce
.

Literature
Entertainment and performing arts :
Theatre :
Cinema :
T
heatre has occupied a large place in Parisian culture
.


T
his still holds true today
,
and many of its most popular actors today are also stars of French television
.

T
he largest opera houses of Paris are the 19
th-
century Opéra Garnier
.

-
Opéra Bastille
.

-
Théâtre de la Ville
.

-
Théâtre de la Gaîté-Montparnasse
.
A
ntoine Lumière launched the world
'
s first projection
,
the Cinematograph
,
in Paris on
28
December
1895
.

M
any of Paris
'
s concert
/
dance halls were transformed into movie theatres when the media became popular beginning in the 1930s
.

L
ater
,
most of the largest cinemas were divided into multiple
,
smaller rooms
.


P
aris
'
s largest cinema today is
Le Grand Rex
theatre with

2
,
800

seats
,
whereas other cinemas all have fewer than
1
,
000
seats
.




Lights
Lights
Style
Love
Art
Cuisine
T
he growth of the railway in the late 19
th
century led to the capital becoming a focal point for immigration from France
'
s many different regions and gastronomical cultures
.

P
aris is renowned for its
Haute cuisine

"
Grande cuisine refers to the cuisine of
"
high level
"
establishments
,
gourmet restaurants and luxury hotels in France
.
Haute cuisine is characterized by meticulous preparation and careful presentation of food
,
at a high price level
,
accompanied by rare wines
"

.

A
city of culinary finesse
,
as of 2013 Paris has 85 Michelin-starred restaurants
,
second in the world to only Tokyo
,
and many of the world's leading chefs operate restaurants serving French cuisine in Paris such as Alain Ducasse and Joël Robuchon
.

A
s of 2013,Paris has ten 3
-
Michelin
-
star restaurants
,
the most coveted award in the restaurant business
;
these include Ducasse
'
s Alain Ducasse au Plaza Athénée
,
Alain Passards
'
s L
'
Arpège
,
Yannick Alleno
'
s Le Meurice in the Hôtel Meurice
,
Eric Frechon
'
s restaurant at Hotel le Bristol
,
and Pierre Gagnaire
.



P
aris is a global hub of fashion and has been referred to as the
"
international capital of style
".
It ranks alongside New York
,
Milan and London as a major centre for the fashion industry
.

P
aris is noted for its haute couture tailoring
,
usually made from high
-
quality
,
expensive fabric and sewn with extreme attention to detail and finished by the most experienced and capable seamstresses
.

T
he twice
-
yearly Paris Fashion Week
,
an apparel trade show
,
is one of the most important events on the fashion calendar and attracts fashion aficionados from all around the world
.

P
aris has a large number of high
-
end fashion boutiques
,
and many top designers have their flagship stores in the city
,
such as Louis Vuitton
'
s store
,
Christian Dior
'
s store and Sephora
'
s store
.
Printemps has the largest shoe and beauty departments in Europe
.

S
onia Rykiel is considered to the
"
grand dame of French fashion
"
and
"
synonymous with Parisian fashion
".
fashion
THE TOP 10 FOODS YOU HAVE TO EAT IN PARIS

1. CARAMELS
2.BORDIER BUTTER
3. BAGUETTE, PAIN AU CHOCOLAT, AND PASTRIES

4. CHOCOLATE


5.CHEESE FROM LAURENT DUBOIS
6. L’AVANT COMPTOIR WINE BAR
7. MACARONS


8. SPLURGE DINNER


9. FALAFEL @ L’AS DU FALLAFEL


10. DESSERT

pa
r
is
flag
Coat of arms
M
otto
:
Fluctuat nec mergitur
L
atin
:

"
She is tossed by the waves but does not sink
"

Population



Rank 1
st
in France


Population 2
,
243
,
833



Demonym
:
Parisian
(
s
)

The bridge of love
Full transcript