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Rhetorical devices

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Ms. Manning

on 24 February 2014

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Transcript of Rhetorical devices

Types of Rhetorical Devices
There are many types of rhetorical devices. The following are some of the most prevalent, along with examples.
Types of Rhetorical Devices
Anaphora:
The repetition of a word at the beginning of line, clauses, or phrases.
Types of Rhetorical Devices
Euphemism
:
The substitution of a less offensive word in place of a more harsh or offensive word.

Types of Rhetorical Devices
Asyndeton:
The joining of phrases, clauses, or words without the use of conjunctions.

What is Rhetoric?
Rhetoric is the art of using language effectively.
Rhetoric is often used to influence the thoughts and/or conduct of a particular group of people.
Types of Rhetorical Devices
Antistrophe
:
The repetition of the same word or phrase at the end of successive clauses
Rhetorical devices
Miss Manning - English III
What is a Rhetorical Device?
A rhetorical device is a technique someone uses in writing or speaking. The purpose of a rhetorical device is to persuade a person to think about a topic from a different perspective.
Alliteration:
The repetition of the same consonant sounds at the beginning of words in sequence.
"Let us go forth to lead the land we love"
J.F.Kennedy's Inaugural Address

"No one standing in this house today can pass a puritanical test of purity that some are demanding that our elected leaders take."
From a speech by Richard Gephardt

“We shall not flag or fail. We shall go on to the end. We shall fight in France, we shall fight on the seas and oceans, we shall fight with growing confidence and growing strength in the air, we shall defend our island, whatever the cost may be, we shall fight on the beaches, we shall fight on the landing grounds, we shall fight in the fields and in the streets, we shall fight in the hills. We shall never surrender.”
From a speech by Winston Churchill

“In 1931, ten years ago, Japan invaded Manchukuo -- without warning. In 1935, Italy invaded Ethiopia -- without warning. In 1938, Hitler occupied Austria -- without warning. In 1939, Hitler invaded Czechoslovakia -- without warning. Later in 1939, Hitler invaded Poland -- without warning. And now Japan has attacked Malaya and Thailand -- and the United States --without warning.”
From a speech by Franklin D. Roosevelt

“We shall pay any price, bear any burden, meet any hardships, support any friend, oppose any foe to assure the survival and the success of liberty.”
From J. F. Kennedy’s Inaugural Address

“But, in a larger sense, we cannot dedicate, we cannot consecrate, we cannot hallow this ground.”
From Abraham Lincoln’s Gettysburg
Address
"Some pundits said our programs would result in catastrophe. The fact is what they called 'radical' was really 'right.' What they called 'dangerous' was just 'desperately needed.'"
From Ronald Reagan’s Farewell Address

Types of Rhetorical Devices
Hyperbole:
The use of exaggeration for emphasis or effect.


“Gil Brandt was signing everybody that could walk.”
From Larry Rayfield Wright’s Pro
Football Hall of Fame Induction Speech

Types of Rhetorical Devices
Irony:
The use of words or an expression whose meaning is contrary to what is really meant.


“Yet Brutus says he was ambitious;
And Brutus is an honourable man.”

Lines from a speech in Shakespeare’s
"Julius Ceasar"

Types of Rhetorical Devices
Metaphor:
A comparison of two unlike things using a form of the verb “to be.”

“From Stettin in the Baltic to Trieste in the Adriatic, an iron curtain has descended across the continent.”
From a speech by Winston Churchill

“Why this country is a shining city on a hill.”
From a speech by Mario Cuomo at the
1984 speech at the National Democratic
Convention


Types of Rhetorical Devices
Oxymoron:
Use of words together which seem to contradict each other.

These cold acts of terrorism like this have gone on far too long. Together, we can put a stop to this, and we must throw these heartless zealots out of this country for good.”
From a speech by Lieutenant General
Raymond Odierno

Types of Rhetorical Devices
Paradox:
An assertion seemingly opposed to common sense, but that may have some truth in it.

"Mr. Chairman, Mr. President, my fellow Democrats, my fellow Americans: I proudly, and humbly accept your nomination."

From a speech by Hubert Humphrey at the 1964 Democratic National Convention

Personification:
Gives human qualities to something that is not human.

Types of Rhetorical Devices
“England expects every man to do his duty”
From a speech by Lord Nelson

"Once again, the heart of America is heavy. The spirit of America weeps for a tragedy that denies the very meaning of our land."
From a speech by Lyndon B. Johnson


Simile:
A comparison between two things using the words “like” or “as.”

Types of Rhetorical Devices

"A Republic whose history, like the path of the just, is as the shining light that shineth more and more unto the perfect day."
From a speech by William Jennings Bryan


"But His strong love stands like a granite rock unmoved by the hurricanes of our inequity.”
From a speech by Charles Haddock Spurgeon


Types of APPEALS
logos
The appeal to your logic and reasoning
PATHOS
Types of APPEALS
The appeal to your emotions
Types of APPEALS
ETHOS
The appeal to one's character and morality
Full transcript